Andrew Jackson and his supporters distrusted the banks. This 1836 caricature of Andrew Jackson symbolizes his fight to revoke the charter of the Second National Bank. He decided that it did not warrant reform but rather needed to be destroyed. Andrew Jackson did both. neighbors. Finally in 1836 the banks charter expired in 1836. When the Bank, led by Nicholas Biddle, realized Jackson's intentions, it began a public campaign to curry favor. Illustrations from an 1846 book, Pictorial Life of Andrew Jackson, with engraved scenes from Jacksonâs life. He removed all of the federal funds in the bank and began placing the federal funds in state banks known as "pet banks". Even though President Andrew Jacksonâs announcement that he was the embodiment of the American people was populist, demagogic, authoritarian, and absolutely in violation of the spirit of the U.S. Constitution, his views on the Second Bank of the United States most certainly embodied the views of the average American. Even after having vetoed the banks renewal, he went further. President Andrew Jackson received this charter renewal for the bank four years early. The presidency of Andrew Jackson Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. Jacksonâs war against the Second National Bank similarly contributed to the development of the Democratic and Whig Parties. He argued on the one hand that no constitutional authority existed for the creation of a federal bank (the old Jeffersonian Republican argument) and on the other that the bankâs issuance of paper money was detrimental to the health of the economy. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The banks created a system of paper money, which displeased Jackson. By October 1, 1833, no funds were to be deposited in the bank. It too had a twenty-year charter, set to expire in 1836. Looked for Congressional support Jackson At age twelve, Andrew Jackson fought in the Revolutionary War. Choose from 181 different sets of andrew jackson killed the national bank flashcards on Quizlet. Biddle vs. Jackson. Long distrusting of banking systems and a strong advocate for specie âsilver and gold, Jackson made neutralizing the National Bank a top priority of his administration. For this source, ... An 1830 engraving of President Andrew Jackson. The Second Bank of the United States was created to stabilize the banking system. Andrew Jackson Took on the Bank of the United States The First Bank of the United States had closed in 1811. The charter for this national bank ran out five years before the establishment of the Second Bank of the United States, which continued to serve as the federal repository. More than two hundred banks existed in the United States in 1816, and almost all of them issued paper money. Results: 1832 Jackson is re-elected Biddle fought back by restricting bank credit which made it hard for businesses to access money Jackson vs. Biddle Biddle tried to recharter the bank 4 years early. Jacksonâs main action in the killing of the Second National Bank was when he transferred $10 million in government deposits to privately owned state or âpetâ banks. The Second Bank of the United States' charter was set to expire in 1836, but Daniel Webster and Henry Clay proposed to recharter it early in order to put Andrew Jackson on shaky ground. Learn andrew jackson killed the national bank with free interactive flashcards. Biddle announced that the Bank intended to pay off the national debtâanother of Jackson's pet causesâby January 8, 1833, the eighteenth anniversary of the Battle of New Orleans, in Jackson's honor. During that epoch, an economic boom was occurring. The bank's formal name, according to section 9 of its charter as passed by Congress, was "The President, Directors, and Company, of the Bank of the United States". during the presidency of Andrew Jackson (1829â1837). Prior to becoming President, Jackson served as a U. S. Senatorfrom Tennessee. Inflation surged ever upward due to the ever-increasing amount of notes issued by private banks. d. What was the main action President Jackson took regarding the Second National Bank? During Andrew Jacksonâs presidential term he decided that the National Bank must go. The Bank War was a political struggle that developed over the issue of rechartering the Second Bank of the United States (B.U.S.) Andrew Jackson was a national war hero and shaped the country in many ways. He returned unsigned, with his objections, a bill that extended the charter of the Second Bank of the United States, due to expire in 1836, for another fifteen years. President Andrew Jackson replaced a number of government workers with his opponents. He felt that the National Bank was a dangerous producer of corruption. President Andrew Jackson to John Coffee, February 19, 1832 ... Its charter expired in 1811, but in 1816 Congress created a Second Bank of the United States with a charter set to expire in 1836. After having won the election for a second time, President Andrew Jackson believed that he had the people's support to close the bank. By the 1830s the Bank had become a volatile political issue. He was able to remove funds and place them in "pet banks", no longer deposit in the bank. This is a video documenting Andrew Jackson's war on the Bank of the United States. Jackson's main focus was the abolishment of the Second National Bank while Clays was the complete opposite. Andrew Jackson vetoes the bill of re-chartering arguing that it was incompatible with âjustice,â âsound policyâ and the â¦ Andrew Jackson was on record in opposition to the Bank. Ask students to consider whether views on the relationship between banking and governmentâincluding views on the Federal Reserve System and the government assistance provided to banks in the wake of the economic crisis of 2008âstill divide the parties. It was sent to President Jackson with the Bank hoping for approval, however Jackson vetoed the recharter because he felt that the current charter did not make the modifications necessary in order to make it 1). Jackson was a war hero for the War of 1812, fought in the Battle of New Orleans, lost the election to John Q. Adams in 1824 because it was a corrupt election. Andrew Jackson and Henry Clay were both running against each other during this election. Also the panic of 1819 left farmers and urban workers bitter, they didnât like the National Bank either. On July l0, 1832, President Andrew Jackson sent a message to the United States Senate. Jackson had won the bank war. Signed in 1832 and vetoed July 10, 1832, this was meant to be a bill that would recharter the Second National Bank of the United States. Andrew Jackson vetoed the charter of the Second National Bank, arguing that the bank was unconstitutional. With that, Jackson vetoed the law and prevented an extension of the Second Bank's charter. Andrew Jackson was vehemently opposed to appointed officials centralizing the control of the supply of money. Jackson extended its charter for one year, and then allowed it to dissolve. Andrew Jackson vetoed the charter of the Second National Bank, arguing that the bank was unconstitutional. In 1832, a Renewal Bill for the United States Bank came to the President. Andrew Jackson had always hated the bank, especially when he lost a large sum of money in a speculative venture. In the words of Andrew Jackson, 'The bank is trying to kill me, but I will kill it.' Courtesy of the National Archives and Records Administration. family members. The Second Bank of the United States was chartered for many of the same reasons as its predecessor, the First Bank of the United States.The War of 1812 had left a formidable debt. Just like the 1824 and 1826 elections, the country was divided but Jackson won by an overwhelming majority (219 - 49) with Martin Van Buren as his vice president. Andrew Jackson and Henry Clay were the main candidates up for president in the election of 1832 and were on opposites sides on the decision of the National bank. The only real form of currency was gold and silver in his point of view. Prior to becoming President, Jackson served as a U. S. Senatorfrom Tennessee. In his mind, the paper was worthless. Materials "Nicholas Biddle and Andrew Jackson in the Case of the Strangled Bank," by K.C. Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Jackson supported them, and vowed he would kill the bank before the bank â¦ Bank War of 1832 The Second Bank of the United States, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, was the second federally authorized Hamiltonian national bank in the United States during its 20-year charter from February 1816 to January 1836. With the state bankâs new charter, many banks they giddy to give away loans. supporters. Jackson ended up winning the election against Clay, having a large amount of support despite his National Bank veto being a large topic. In its place, Congress approved a new national bankâthe Second Bank of the United Statesâin 1816. Tips for Students. But without a central bank, the countryâs finances had suffered during the War of 1812. President Jackson, however, announced in 1833 that the federal government would no longer use the Second Bank, opting instead to disperse the federal funds to several state banks. The affair resulted in the shutdown of the Bank and its replacement by state banks.