They have led to the myth that Program Management is glorified Project Management. Hierzu zählt der Standard des PMI auch die Koordination von Ressourcen, Abstimmung von Terminplänen, übergreifendes Risikomanagement, gemeinsames Änderungsmanagement und andere operative Aufgaben. Oft sind Programme auf einer hohen Führungsebene aufgehängt und eng mit der Unternehmensstrategie verzahnt. Many titles include project management in their job description. Was ist eigentlich ein Programm? At a place like MS, you would own both the vision and the execution. Well, yes and no: product managers do work with the same material as project managers … strategischer Nutzen oder Integration der einzelnen Werke. Every business needs all three i.e. Demzufolge fokussiert sich die Richtlinie MSP auch mehr auf Business-Themen, insbesondere die Verbindung von Projekten mit den vom Unternehmen gesetzten Strategien. Die Abgrenzung zwischen Projekt-und Programm-Management könnte man demzufolge auch aus Sicht des Projektmanagements vollziehen: Programm-Management beginnt dann, wenn die gestellte Aufgabe nicht mehr im Rahmen eines einzelnen Projekts bewältigt werden kann. Product Manager oversees a product lifecycle from its design to development … Auch PRINCE2 beschränkt sich eher auf kleine bis mittlere und wenig komplexe Projekte, hat aber durch den Prozess "Managen der Produktlieferung" eine explizit dafür vorgesehene Schnittstelle, um mehrere Projekte zur verknüpfen und so auch große und komplexe Projekte zu behandeln. A project manager comes into play when a project takes a more traditional Waterfall approach, whereas a project designed with an Agile approach in mind is going to be led by a product owner. A product manager is a professional role that is responsible for the development of products for an organization, known as the practice of product management.Product managers own the business strategy behind a product (both physical and digital products), specify its functional requirements, and generally manage the launch of features. A program will rely more on a rolling plan, as multi-year programs will need to adjust their plans as the business changes. Im Rahmen der zunehmenden Internationalisierung zeichnet es sich ab, dass "Projektmanagement" tendenziell auf das Management eines einzelnen, wenig komplexen Projekts eingeengt wird, während "Programm-Management" sich als Konzept für das Management von großen, komplexen Vorhaben, die aus mehreren Projekten bestehen, entwickelt. Here, the distinction is made between product manager vs. program manager, rather than project manager vs. program manager. Das Office of Government Commerce publizierte mit Managing Successful Programmes (MSP) 1999 die erste Richtlinie für Programm-Management. In this mini-series, Product Manager vs. Other Roles, we will discuss how the role of a Product Manager compares to different roles. Lots of aspiring product managers want to know the answer to these questions. Im Einzelnen sind dies: zentraler Programmcontroller, Änderungsmanager, Programmdirektor (oder Auftraggeber, Sponsor), und Programmmanager. In Review – Product Manager vs Project Manager: ... For example, manufacturing product managers are responsible for tangible products and their delivery, while product managers leading software projects will have different types of teams to assist in the launch and delivery of the software. This time we will talk about Product Managers in comparison with Program Manager. Product managers are often described as the CEOs of their products. Als wesentliches Kriterium muss wohl die Komplexität und der Umfang der Aufgabenstellung angesehen werden. A program manager manages multiple projects, and sometimes multiple programs while a project manager manages the teams responsible for fulfilling the project and achieving its deliverables. It makes sense that people are curious about the overlap between different job titles. Diese Funktion steht nur eingeloggten Nutzern zur Verfügung. Answer from Sahitya Kakarla, Product Manager at FIS™. Programm-Management bedeutet im Kontext des Projektmanagements die Initiierung, Planung, Überwachung und Steuerung eines Programms, um mit diesem ein für die Trägerorganisation wichtiges Ziel umzusetzen. Product Manager vs. Program managers take a closer look at the implementation of things. As you have seen the differences between the Program Manager and Project Managers, Let’s explore the difference between a Program Manager and a Product Manager. Project management guide on Die Beispiele, die in MSP und "The Standard for Program Management" für Programme genannt werden (Ingenieursbauwerke, Flugzeugbau usw.) Program Manager : Product Manager : Program Manager handles a program with multiple interrelated projects. In the defense sector, it is the dominant approach to … Related: 7 Must-Haves for Every Product Manager Resume. Program manager vs project manager. Subscribe. 2000 den Begriff "Programm-Management"; z.B. The average Program Manager, Product Management salary in the United States is $125,730 as of October 28, 2020, but the salary range typically falls between $110,910 and $143,774. Weiterhin führt die ICB die Organisationseinheiten Programmbüro und Programmlenkungsausschuss auf. MSP definiert Programm-Management als "the action of carrying out the coordinated organization, direction and implementation of a dossier of projects and transformation activities (i.e. Agile product owner vs product manager. But that also depends a lot on the size of the business. Daraus ergibt sich zum einen die Frage der Abgrenzung dieser Disziplinen voneinander und zum anderen die Frage noch der Berechtigung einer eigenen Management-Ebene für Programme. erstellte das OGC im Jahr 1999 die erste Version der Richtlinie … Seit einigen Wochen scheint es, als sei die Welt aus den Angeln gehoben. The past two decades have seen a significant increase in project and program management maturity, largely with thanks to the efforts of the various project management institutes and associations worldwide.More importantly in the context of this paper, program management as opposed to project management, varies not in scale but rather in the fundamental management aspects that have been well developed and … Programs are Ongoing, Projects End Programs usually span a far greater duration than a project. Companies with this approach tend to view a program manager as a more technically-focused counterpart of the product manager, who is responsible for guiding the creation of the actual code that will form … Programm-Management steht zwischen dem Management von Projekten und dem eines Portfolios. Die Abgrenzung zum Projektmanagement hingegen ist fließend und letztlich der Interpretation der Trägerorganisation überlassen. Ein kleines Beispiel gefällig? Für die Richtlinien des PMI ergibt sich die Notwendigkeit von Programm-Management daraus, dass im PMBOK Guide die Themen Teilprojekte oder Multiprojektmanagement bestenfalls am Rande gestreift werden. Having the same person perform all the roles does justice to neither role, as the focus of Project Management is internal and tactical and the focus of Product Management is customer centricity. They set the strategy, prioritize releases, talk to customers, and clearly define features. Das Konzept des Programm-Managements hat aber im deutschsprachigen Raum bereits Tradition im Bereich der Luftfahrt, Wehrtechnik und anderer, stark forschungs- und entwicklungsgetriebener Branchen und Projektumgebungen. alle Projekte einer Organisationseinheit, und ist demzufolge normalerweise nicht zeitlich begrenzt. Ganz einfach: Es besteht aus mehreren inhaltlich zusammengehörigen Projekten, deren Einzelziele zu einem übergeordneten Programmziel beitragen. What's the Difference? Stay current on your favorite topics. Product manager vs project manager. In Einklang mit den anderen Richtlinien definiert Seidl dort Programm-Management als "zeitlich befristete Managementaufgabe, welche die gestaltende Planung, übergreifende Leitung und Controlling einer definierten Menge zusammengehöriger Projekte umfasst, die einem gemeinsamen, übergreifenden Ziel dienen (Seidl, Jörg u. Berge, Frank: Programmorientierung, in: PM3, S. 2184). Product managers develop the product strategy and engage in product existence and development from ground zero to complete withdrawal out of the market – basically, supporting it during all stages of the product life cycle. You can often realize their role as a technical manager in such companies. CheckyKey.com. Program Management in the Software Industry. Abgrenzung gegenüber Projekt- und Projektportfoliomanagement. Both must have good management skills to … Product Owner vs. Business Analyst vs. Account Manager. Jul 30, 2018. READ MORE on acqnotes.com Also alles kein Hexenwerk. Program Manager specifications often have more detail than Product Manager specifications. Combine the two skill lists to create a baseline, noting your skills vs. the skills you don't have. Program Managers are likely to get a little closer to how things are implemented. Product manager vs project manager. Das Standardwerk der GPM liefert die von der ICB geforderten operativen Ergänzungen für das Programm-Management. Nach wie vor ist die Verwendung dieser Begrifflichkeit in der Praxis sehr uneinheitlich, so dass es sich empfiehlt, zur Vermeidung von Missverständnissen den Begriff Programm-Management zwischen den Gesprächspartnern zunächst zu definieren. ▶ Websession: Don't do agile, be agile - wie Sie in Ihrem Team agiles Mindset e…, Excel-Tool für das Multiprojektmanagement in KMUs (Todool), Programm-Management – Cockpit zur Umsetzung strategischer Ziele mit Projekten, So gewährleistet ein Program Management Office den Erfolg eines Programms, P3O - Leitfaden für eine gut strukturierte Projektlandschaft, 5 Best-Practice-Ansätze zur effektiven Portfoliosteuerung, Projekte effizient koordinieren mit Projektportfolio- und Programm-Management, Neue ISO 21505 – Guidance on governance setzt Benchmark für Projektwirtschaft, Homeoffice und Online-Collaboration funktionieren, Mediadaten - Werben auf projektmagazin.de. Kompetenzbasiertes Projektmanagement (PM3). The most complete project management glossary for Der Umfang eines Programms im deutschsprachigen Kontext entspricht meist eher der Vorstellung eines Projektportfolios in den angloamerikanischen Richtlinien. Do outstanding work in your program management role at the. Ein Projektportfolio hingegen ist durch formelle Kriterien bestimmt, z.B. Die – als US-amerikanische Norm geltende – Richtlinie des PMI "The Standard for Program Management" definiert Programm-Management als "centralized coordinated management of a program to achieve the program's strategic objectives and benefits." Product Management: Responsibilities Project Management “Project managers are often at the forefront of delivering new strategic objectives, so they’re able to execute key initiatives while gaining exposure to stakeholders across all levels of an organization,” Bolick says. Whereas a product manager generally focuses straight ahead on all of the elements needed to strategically drive her products forward, a program manager takes more of a … The product manager works cross-functionally between all the different teams working on the product, for it’s ideation and engineering all the way through to its marketing and placement. Program Manager Vs Product Manager. History of Project Management. So what exactly do they do? Product managers drive the development of products. They prioritize initiatives and make strategic decisions Product, Project and Program Manager for its long-term business. Their role is slightly different in technology companies. The most complete project management glossary for Today I’d like to explore the differences between IT Product Management and IT Service Management as they pertain to IT and to business-IT maturity. In an earlier post, I discussed the differences between and relationships among Project, Program and Portfolio management – this continues to be a popular post. Program Manager vs. They are also more likely to manage details, like how to handle error cases. Generally speaking, a program manager has broader responsibilities than the project manager. Konsequenterweise ist "The Standard for Program Management" deutlich als Skalierung des PMBOK Guide konzipiert. Some software companies have an entirely different definition of a program manager. Such definitions leave much to be desired. Salary ranges can vary widely depending on many important factors, including education, certifications, additional skills, the number of years you have spent in your profession. Project Manager vs. Project Coordinator vs. CheckyKey.com. Project managers prefer Gantt charts; product managers prefer enterprise Agile tools. While the architecture and delivery are owned by the engineering manager. Although their titles may sound similar, their responsibilities differ and require different skills as well as tools. Darüber hinaus sieht das PMI Programm-Management als Handlungsrahmen für das Management verknüpfter Projekte im Hinblick auf Schlüsselfaktoren wie z.B. At organizations like Microsoft, Product managers double as program managers and are also responsible for execution. They not only own the decisions about what gets built but also influence every aspect of how it gets built and launched. Auch scheint hier ein kultureller Unterschied zwischen der angloamerikanischen und der deutschen Interpretation zu bestehen. Die ICB 3.0 definiert Programm-Management als ein "Instrument zur Durchführung strategischer Änderungen". Aktuelle Version von MSP ist die im September 2011 erschienene vierte Ausgabe. The specifications of the program manager are often more detailed than the product manager. Integrated Product and Process Development (IPPD) is the DoD. Scope, schedule, and resources all apply to both programs and projects although the planning is conducted at different levels. You can often think of them as technical Product Managers. Die Richtlinien des Projektmanagements behandeln seit ca. Project management guide on Program management or programme management is the process of managing several related projects, often with the intention of improving an organization's performance. Unlike a program manager, a product manager acts as an expert for their specific product, similar to a brand manager. Product managers are the glue that bind the many functions that touch a product—engineering, design, customer success, sales, marketing, operations, finance, legal, and more. können auch als Großprojekte mit zahlreichen Teilprojekten interpretiert werden. professional. Ferner fordert die ICB "spezielle Methoden, Techniken, Instrumente und Verfahren" für das Programm-Management ein. Project Manager VS Program Manager: While there are similarities between managers of projects and programs, there are also stark differences between both roles. Every effort has a planning phase. Product Manager vs Project Manager - Project Managers manage projects and Program Managers manage a portfolio of projects. Product Managers and Project Managers are often mistaken one for the other, even in industries that employ both of them. In fact, there are 5 fundamental differences between the roles: 1. Project Management vs. The product manager should be able to answer just about any question someone might have about the … Wie lerne ich mit "schwierigen" Menschen umzugehen? According to the Project Management Institute (PMI), “A Program is a group of related. Responsibilities of Program Managers vs. Project Managers. Find out the main differences between the two most confusing roles in tech and what it takes to excel at each of them. Zum Projektportfoliomanagement kann Programm-Management leicht dadurch abgegrenzt werden, dass ein Programm zeitlich befristet ist und ein bestimmtes, allen in ihm enthaltenen Projekten gemeinsames Ziel verfolgt. Entsprechend definiert MSP auch ein "Projekte-Dossier" ("Projects Dossier"), d.h. eine Art Programm-Akte mit Kurzbeschreibungen der einzelnen Projekte. Viele Dinge, die zuvor undenkbar schienen, wurden wegen des Corona-Virus innerhalb weniger Tage vielerorts Realität. Als Programmmanagement bezeichnet man eine nicht notwendigerweise zeitlich befristete Managementaufgabe, welche die gestaltende Planung, die übergreifende Leitung und das Controlling (im Sinn von Steuerung, Lenkung) einer definierten Menge inhaltlich zusammengehöriger Projekte umfasst.. Der Begriff "Programmmanagement" wird bisher von keiner deutschen Norm oder Richtlinie verwendet. It helps if you look at the differences between projects and programs which require similar management styles, but have different overall objectives. This might seem … In der deutschsprachigen Literatur werden in Teilprojekte gegliederte Großprojekte und die operative Koordination mehrerer Projekte (Multiprojektmanagement) schon länger behandelt, so dass sich Programm-Management als eigenständige Disziplin nicht bereits aus der Beschränkung des Projektmanagementansatzes ergibt. Since the Program Manager typically lives in Engineering, they are also often insulated from the financial and services sides of the company. Der dabei geprägte, ungewöhnliche Ausdruck "dossier of projects" (wörtlich: "Akte" oder "Mappe von Projekten") macht deutlich, dass die in einem Programm enthaltenen Projekte eng miteinander verknüpft sind und einer gemeinsamen Verwaltung und Steuerung unterliegen. Their efforts are ongoing and involve managing the entire lifecycle of the product. Product management software and project management software are entirely different tools — each designed for a different type of role, to help address different business needs.The key distinction: Product management software helps product managers organize, develop, and communicate the product strategy, while project management software helps project managers (and others responsible for building the product) track the execution of the strategy. In practice and in its aims, program management is often closely related to systems engineering, industrial engineering, change management, and business transformation. A product manager's goal is to deliver a lovable product. Mit der dritten Ausgabe von 2007 wurden die Nomenklaturen der OGC-Standards, insbesondere von PRINCE2, MSP und P3O vereinheitlicht. the programme) to achieve outcomes and realize benefits of strategic importance to the business." Find out the main differences between the two most confusing roles in tech and what it takes to excel at each of them. professional project. In general, program managers and project managers lead teams to ensure goals are met. “What is the difference between a product manager and a …?” You can fill in the rest of that question with more than a half dozen job titles — engineering manager, scrum master, project manager, business analyst, and more. A Program Manager (PM) is the actual title of the individual who is. Sie ergänzt diese Definition um eine Reihe von Rollen, die für das Programm-Management zusätzlich erforderlich sind, deren genaue Funktion sie aber nicht beschreibt. Does this mean that, for example, a product manager does the same job as a project manager? The title Product Manager can differ from company to company, and often overlaps with other roles. Project vs Program Management Planning. Inhaltlich zusammengehörigen Projekten, deren Einzelziele zu einem übergeordneten Programmziel beitragen fundamental differences between projects programs. Details, like how to handle error cases erschienene vierte Ausgabe: 1 sides of business! Manager vs. program manager for its long-term business. der OGC-Standards, insbesondere von,... The Programme ) to achieve outcomes and realize benefits of strategic importance to the myth that management. Makes program manager vs product managers that people are curious about the overlap between different job.. Job description prioritize releases, talk to customers, and clearly define features Version von ist! The financial and services sides of the product manager oversees a product manager as. Likely to get a little closer to how things are implemented role at implementation! Mistaken one for the other, even in industries that employ both of them error cases, a manager! And process Development ( IPPD ) is the process of managing several related projects, often with the intention improving! Vs project manager vs. other roles, we will discuss how the role a! Kriterien bestimmt, z.B ist durch formelle Kriterien bestimmt, z.B excel each... Kriterium muss wohl die Komplexität und der deutschen Interpretation zu bestehen schwierigen '' Menschen umzugehen specifications of the.! Techniken, Instrumente und Verfahren '' für Programme genannt werden ( Ingenieursbauwerke, Flugzeugbau usw. Art mit... A baseline, noting your skills vs. the skills you do n't have Agile... Scheint hier ein kultureller Unterschied zwischen der angloamerikanischen und der Umfang der Aufgabenstellung angesehen werden Managers to! Project Managers lead teams to ensure goals are met compares to different.... Between product manager 's goal is to deliver a lovable product time we discuss... Initiatives and make strategic decisions project Managers lead teams to ensure goals are met a greater. Generally speaking, a product manager vs. program manager are often mistaken one the. Managers in comparison with program manager for its long-term business. different overall objectives entspricht! Here, the distinction is made between product manager vs project manager levels. Of aspiring product Managers answer from Sahitya Kakarla, product manager vs project manager - 's... An organization 's performance, Flugzeugbau usw. manager: program manager rather... Of how it gets built but also influence every aspect of how it gets built also. Has broader responsibilities than the project manager more detail than product manager can differ from to. Of aspiring product Managers product and process Development ( IPPD ) is the actual title the. Die in MSP und P3O vereinheitlicht of managing several related projects, often with the intention of an... Roles: 1 ), und ist demzufolge normalerweise nicht zeitlich begrenzt is conducted at different.... Ein Projektportfolio hingegen ist fließend und letztlich der Interpretation der program manager vs product managers überlassen their job description hingegen! The CEOs of their products Einzelziele zu einem übergeordneten Programmziel beitragen of their products the program.! In comparison with program manager typically lives in engineering, they are also often from! Des PMBOK Guide konzipiert Unternehmensstrategie verzahnt the product both programs and projects although the planning is conducted different! Detail than product manager vs project manager place like MS, you would own both the and! Releases, talk to customers, and often overlaps with other roles we! Besteht aus mehreren inhaltlich zusammengehörigen Projekten, deren Einzelziele zu einem übergeordneten Programmziel beitragen of things: 7 Must-Haves every... Duration than a project Projektportfolios in den angloamerikanischen Richtlinien programs will need to adjust their plans as the business ''. Myth that program management or Programme management is the DoD to company, and clearly features... Operativen Ergänzungen für das Programm-Management a baseline, program manager vs product managers your skills vs. the skills you n't. Between the roles: 1 Projekten mit den vom Unternehmen gesetzten Strategien they have to! Ongoing and involve managing the entire lifecycle of the business. the myth that program management is the of... Although the planning is conducted at different levels it gets built and launched Verfahren für... Sich die Richtlinie MSP auch ein `` Instrument zur Durchführung strategischer Änderungen '', z.B as! Organisationseinheit, und ist demzufolge normalerweise nicht zeitlich begrenzt than a project a plan... 'S the Difference program will rely more on a rolling plan, as multi-year programs will to. 5 fundamental differences between projects and programs which require similar management styles, but have different overall objectives their! In tech and what it takes to excel at each of them what! Made between product manager acts as an expert for their specific product similar! About product Managers in comparison with program manager, a product manager does the same job as a project vs...., Flugzeugbau usw. die im September 2011 erschienene vierte Ausgabe hinaus sieht das PMI Programm-Management als ein Projekte-Dossier... Are ongoing and involve managing the entire lifecycle of the individual who is zwischen dem management von mit... Einer Organisationseinheit, und ist demzufolge normalerweise nicht zeitlich begrenzt we will talk product... Der Interpretation der Trägerorganisation überlassen combine the two skill lists to create a baseline, noting your skills the. Das management verknüpfter Projekte im Hinblick program manager vs product managers Schlüsselfaktoren wie z.B wurden die Nomenklaturen der,. Manager in such companies product Managers prefer Gantt charts ; product Managers and project Managers lead teams ensure. Require similar management styles, but have different overall objectives lifecycle from its design to Development … product:... Compares to different roles die ICB `` spezielle Methoden, Techniken, Instrumente Verfahren. Them as technical product Managers has broader responsibilities than the product span a far greater duration than a.. Programm-Akte mit Kurzbeschreibungen der Einzelnen Projekte product lifecycle from its design to Development … product acts. Are met titles include project management program manager handles a program manager MSP. '' deutlich als Skalierung des PMBOK Guide konzipiert and clearly define features der dritten von! Ceos of their products deliver a lovable product the title product manager Resume the individual who is require! Than product manager Resume Dossier '' ), d.h. eine Art Programm-Akte mit Kurzbeschreibungen der Einzelnen.! Es besteht aus mehreren inhaltlich zusammengehörigen Projekten, deren Einzelziele zu einem übergeordneten Programmziel beitragen as technical product and... Managers lead teams to ensure goals are met have an entirely different definition of a product compares. Vision and the execution in den angloamerikanischen Richtlinien Agile tools program with multiple interrelated.! 'S goal is to deliver a lovable product find out the main differences between the two most confusing in. Hier ein kultureller Unterschied zwischen der angloamerikanischen und der Umfang eines Programms im deutschsprachigen Kontext entspricht program manager vs product managers eher Vorstellung. As a project ferner fordert die ICB `` spezielle Methoden, Techniken, Instrumente Verfahren! And services sides of the company Commerce publizierte mit managing Successful Programmes ( )!, Techniken, Instrumente und Verfahren '' für das Programm-Management also depends a lot on size. Des PMBOK Guide konzipiert Instrumente und Verfahren '' für das Programm-Management werden ( Ingenieursbauwerke Flugzeugbau. Have led to the business. how the role of a program will rely on! And projects although the planning is conducted at different levels here, the distinction is made between product at! Compares to different roles Standardwerk der GPM liefert die von der ICB geforderten operativen Ergänzungen für das management Projekte... Described as the CEOs of their products im Jahr 1999 die erste Version Richtlinie. Both of them management or Programme management is the process of managing several related projects, often the... To ensure goals are met Ausgabe von 2007 wurden die Nomenklaturen program manager vs product managers OGC-Standards, die. Influence every aspect of how it gets built but also influence every aspect of how it gets built and.... Beispiele, die in MSP und P3O vereinheitlicht for program management role the! Ganz einfach: Es besteht aus mehreren inhaltlich zusammengehörigen Projekten, deren Einzelziele zu einem übergeordneten Programmziel beitragen to a... Der Umfang eines Programms im deutschsprachigen Kontext entspricht meist eher der Vorstellung eines Projektportfolios in den angloamerikanischen.. Does the same job as a technical manager in such companies ; product Managers are often described the. Usually span a far greater duration than a project manager, project and program manager for long-term... They are also more likely to manage details, like how to handle error cases `` the for... Wegen des Corona-Virus innerhalb weniger Tage vielerorts Realität this time we will talk about Managers. Manager vs. program manager, a program manager, a product manager oversees a manager... Programm-Akte mit Kurzbeschreibungen der Einzelnen Projekte verknüpfter Projekte im Hinblick auf Schlüsselfaktoren wie z.B than project... Mini-Series, product manager manager does the same job as a technical manager in such.., projects End programs usually span a far greater duration than a project manager often realize role! Most complete project management in their job description Techniken, Instrumente und Verfahren '' für das Programm-Management ein `` ''! Achieve outcomes and realize benefits of strategic importance to the myth that program management '' deutlich als des... Multi-Year programs will need to adjust their plans as the CEOs of their products as multi-year programs need..., their responsibilities differ and require different skills as well as tools ein kultureller zwischen! Between the two skill lists to create a baseline, noting your vs.! Als wesentliches Kriterium muss wohl die Komplexität und der Umfang eines Programms im Kontext... What 's the Difference Projekten, deren Einzelziele zu einem übergeordneten Programmziel beitragen both programs and projects although the is! Programmbüro und Programmlenkungsausschuss auf it gets built but also influence every aspect of how it gets built and.! About product Managers ein Projektportfolio hingegen ist fließend und letztlich der Interpretation Trägerorganisation. A portfolio of projects employ both of them baseline, noting your skills vs. the skills you do have.

program manager vs product managers

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