1 thought on “Wild Yam – Dioscorea villosa,D. spp” Pingback: Wild Yam (Dioscorea Villosa) – Lauren Kallmeyer – Kentucky herbalist Comments are closed. Latin Names: Dioscorea bulbifera L., Dioscorea alata L., Dioscorea sansibarensis Pax Common Names: air-potato, potato vine, air yam, white yam Stewardship summary. Dioscorea spp. Each seed piece should weigh 4 to 5 ounces. Yam (Dioscorea spp.) Abstract. Two-thirds of the worldwide production is grown in West Africa. Introduction. genes, yam. Home Crops How To Plant and Grow Yams (Dioscorea spp.) Chrysomelids: Chrysomelids larvae are shiny, black and covered in mucus, and may reach 1 cm. 2005 Sep;60(3):129-35. doi: 10.1007/s11130-005-6841-1. A study was carried out on the storage rot of yams Dioscorea spp in Keffi and environs, Nasarawa State. Phone: 1-804 524 5668. SILVESTRE] P.S. It is a root and tuber crop popularly grown in West Africa . The main cultivated species is Dioscorea minutiflora Engl. It is an allogamous and polyploid species that reproduces by both sexual and asexual mechanisms. Nematodes The yam nematode (Scutellonema bradys) and the root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp.) Defoliating caterpillars: Defoliating caterpillars eat the leaf blade and then attack the stems, sometimes causing severe damage. Species: Dioscorea alata. Other terms for yam are true yams, greater yam, tropical ... Yams—Dioscorea spp. core collection using morphological traits - Volume 16 Issue 3 - Gezahegn Girma, Ranjana Bhattacharjee, Antonio Lopez-Montes, Badara Gueye, Sam Ofodile, Jorge Franco, Michael Abberton Shajeela1, V. R. Mohan2*, L. Louis Jesudas3 and P. Tresina Soris2 1PG & Research Department of Botany, St. John’s College, Palayamkottai, Tamil Nadu, India. The major disease affecting Dioscorea cayenensis in the Ivory Coast is caused by a virus which was transmitted by mechanical inoculation to some Dioscorea spp. Animal evidence suggests Dioscorea villosa can increase skin thickness after low-dose supplementation. Crops Yams. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. It grows in a wide range of soils with an altitude range of 1140 to 2200 masl. Yam plant has a major role in Ethiopia particularly in densely populated areas of south, southwestern, and western parts of the country. When first harvested, the dormant tubers are stored at 15–16 °C and 70% RH. The calorific value of all the investigated Dioscorea spp. Fax: 1-804 524 5186. yam production occurs in the yam belt of West and Yam (Dioscorea spp.) ), farmers depend on this season’s harvest to supply planting material for the following season. Hidehiko Kikuno, firstname.lastname@example.org . Up to 95% of the world’s yams are produced in West Africa (FAO, 2009). In: Proceedings of the 7th triennial symposium of the international society for tropical root crops- Africa branch, Cotonou, Benin, 11–17 October 1988, pp 637–638 Google Scholar Authors Megh Raj Bhandari 1 , Jun Kawabata. The “yam belt” in West Africa, including Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire, accounts for 92% of 72.6 million tons of global yam production (FAOSTAT 2018). 1. The Dioscorea genus contains more than 600 species, 14 of which have edible tubers. 2 Culture Portions of tubers or whole small tubers are used for seed pieces. The … and Nicotiana benthamiana.In extracts of D. cayenensis leaves infectivity was lost after 10 min at 60 d̀C but not 55 d̀C and after dilution to 10 ‐3 but not 10 ‐2.A purification procedure is described. ; Yam moth: Pyralid moth worms attack yam tubers in lofts by mining, especially during the first four months of storage. Cultivated yams are vegetatively propagated while wild yams are sexually propagated and comprise both diploid and polyploid species. is a very important staple crop of tropical and subtropical agriculture, especially in Africa. Native to Africa and Asia, yams vary in size from that of a small potato to a record 130 pounds (as of 1999). E-mail: email@example.com. Dioscorea spp. germplasm with a-d, and e representing accessions of D. alata, and D rotundata, respectively..... 60 Figure 2.4. Over 90% of world *Corresponding author. Yam, the tuber of Dioscorea spp., is a very typical agricultural product in China and also a major food staple in many tropical countries (Chen and Lin, 2007, Hsu et al., 2003). ), is widely cultivated in tropical regions and serves as food in Central and South America, in Africa, Asia and in the Pacific Islands. tubers of Nepal Plant Foods Hum Nutr. It is a major source of carbohydrates and nutrient energy for many people in tropical countries. Re-defining the yam (Dioscorea spp.) YAM (Dioscorea spp) Yam belongs to the family Dioscoreacae. The origin of D. bulbifera is uncertain. Insects. INTRODUCTION Yam (Dioscorea spp.) yams (Dioscorea spp. Yam is the common name applied to plants of about 500 species of the genus Dioscorea of the Dioscoreaceae family. (Arinathan et al, 2009). is a monocotyledonous herbaceous vine cultivated for its starchy underground or aerial tubers in the tropics and subtropics. Yam Tubers Source; www.ghananewsagency.org. Clean yam tubers from vine cuttings. When first harvested, the dormant tubers are stored at 15–16 °C and 70% RH. This study revealed the insights on chemical components during tuber development and characteristics of alatanins for future selection and cultivation of purple yam tubers. The term yam extends to all plants of the genus Dioscorea, a name that refers to the Greek physician and botanist Dioscorides. Variation in flesh colour of central cross section of tuber among yam (Dioscorea Production of yam seed tubers using vine cuttings and in vitro micropropagation is quick, cost-effective, and results in clean planting material. and it is rich in carbohydrates. Mudiope J, Speijer PR, Maslen NR, Adipala E (2001) Pratylenchus, the dominant genus affecting yam (Dioscorea spp.) Dioscorea caucasica -Caucasus Yam Root. However, many of the landrace cultivars, including most of the popular varieties, reproduce exclusively by vegetative propagation (planting the tubers). Yam. Bitterness and toxicity in wild yam (Dioscorea spp.) [EVALUACIÓN DEL VALOR NUTRICIONAL Y FACTORES ANTINUTRICIONALES DE Dioscorea spp. To produce yams for eating or marketing, most farmers in the Pacific plant yam setts that weigh 100 to 600 g or more. Yams (Dioscorea spp) are a staple tuber crop for many of the poorest in West Africa, South East Asia, the Caribbean andOceania. Yam (Dioscorea spp.) by David The Good June 5, 2019 June 1, 2019. Yam (Dioscorea species) is one of the most important food crops in West Africa. Yam (Dioscorea spp. The Dioscorea spp examined included Dioscorea rotundata (white yam), D.cayenesis (yellow yam) and D.alata (water yam). also attack yam. The genus Dioscorea (true yams) is economically important world-wide as a food crop. NUTRITIONAL AND ANTINUTRITIONAL EVALUATION OF WILD YAM (Dioscorea spp.) The main control for the yam beetle is to dust yam sets with insecticides, such as Aldrin and Mundane, before planting, rodents can also pose a threat to maturing tubers. Dioscorea villosa is one of the species of yam referred to as ‘wild yam’.. Dioscorea villosa has been claimed to alleviate symptoms of menopause, but there is currently no evidence to support this effect.. Of the 13 Dioscorea species available in SBR, 10 species are known to be bitter in … 28 April 2011 13 April 2011 by klopez. was less than that of earlier studies in the tubers oí Dioscorea spp. The Plants Database includes the following 30 species of Dioscorea . Land Preparation of Yam 1. is one of the most economically important crops serving as a staple food for millions of people in tropical and subtropical countries . Yams are closely related to lilies and grasses. This means that they must set aside 10 to 30% of their yam harvest for planting material. There are over 600 varieties of … ... from the Lisbon yam to the yellow yam, the potato yam to the purple yam. ), a traditional crop in Kenya has not undergone improvement and little has been done to understand its genetic background. (Dioscorea spp.) Identifiers. Robinson (1987) reported that a diet that meets two-third of the RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowance) values is considered to be adequate for an individual. Variation in tuber shape among yam (Dioscorea spp.) Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Preparation of the land or soil If you have about one hectare of land, you will have to prepare the soil for planting the yam seeds. In many of these areas yams are also culturally important. is a multi-species tuber crop providing food and income to millions of people worldwide, particularly in Africa (Price et al., 2016). is a multi-species, polyploid and vegetatively propagated tuber crop that is cultivated widely in the tropics and subtropics. Yam (Dioscorea spp. YAM (Dioscorea spp.) is a tuberous plant of high energy and nutritional value, with great importance for the industry and as a food because of its composition. SPECIES OF YAM In the picture: botanical illustration of different plants of the genus Dioscorea. They are mostly grown for their starchy tubers (both cultivated and wild) and for medicinal properties. With the purpose of developing bakery products and determining its acceptability, cake, biscuit, pasta, pancake, bread, and pizza were prepared with 0 … The taxonomy and phylogeny of the local landraces has not been fully studied. Dioscorea spp., belonging to Dioscoraceae family, are important staple food crop for over 300 million people in the tropics and subtropics. There are over 600 species of yam, of which only 12 Dioscorea species, popularly known as Yam worldwide and as Ban Aalu in Odisha, India, is a prime staple medicinal-food substitute for the majority of rural and local people of the state of India. Among various species of yams, greater yam (dioscorea alata L.), lesser yam (D. esculenta Lour.Burk), white yam (D. rotundata Poir) and some wild yams are of great importance for their edible tubers and medicinal properties. in Uganda. This study was done to identify yam species collected from major producing areas of the country. Yam is considered as the richest source of energy and a good source of carbohydrate along with certain minerals and vitamins. is a multi‐species tuber crop providing food and income to millions of people worldwide, particularly in Africa (Price et al., 2016). Yam (Dioscorea spp.) Yam (Dioscorea spp.) The "yam belt" in West Africa, including Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire, accounts for 92% of 72.6 million tons of global yam produ … Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. How To Plant and Grow Yams (Dioscorea spp.) Dioscorea bulbifera. Dioscorea L. – yam Subordinate Taxa. Dioscorea cayenensis, one of the cultivated tropical species of Dioscorea, is an important staple in Africa, with 2500 cultivars developed.It is a vine mostly known from cultivation, but also reported as escaped in the Panama Canal Zone.