“For decades archaeologists working at many different sites have unearthed iron artifacts in bewildering number and variety dating from the period of greatest Philistine power and leading to the general consensus that the metal was introduced into Canaan – at least for weapons, agricultural tools, and jewelry – by the Philistines.” (Youngblood). And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. (3-4) Jonathan initiates conflict with the Philistines. The only way the Israelites could ever win was to trust in God for everything. Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. The rest of Israel fought with whatever they could. So Saul said, “Bring a burnt offering and peace offerings here to me.” And he offered the burnt offering. And it was told Samuel, “Saul came to p Carmel, and behold, he set up a monument for himself and turned and passed on and went down to Gilgal.” 13 And Samuel came to Saul, and Saul said to him, q “Blessed be you to the L ord. When men are lifted up in self-sufficiency, they are often led into folly. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines, : Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. 13 Saul was thirty [] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-[] two years. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel] The Hebrew cannot be thus translated. He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. Even when David didn’t do God’s will, he still knew God’s will was more important. feeling that the battle wouldn’t be fought and that the plan wasn’t working out. Saul thought it was important because it might help him win the battle. Now for the first time Israel had a professional army. Even in difficult situations, they could worship the LORD. the road of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. iii. He waited seven days: Saul was in Gilgal for many months. He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. d. But now your kingdom shall not continue: From these words we might expect Saul to be “impeached” as king right then and there. And the mistake is not great in the Hebrew. b. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him: Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. Chapter 13. But Samuel did not look for reasons or excuses because there were no valid reasons or excuses. Blessed Saviour, may we never, like Saul, bring our poor offerings, or fancied peace-offerings, without looking to thy precious, thy all-sufficient sacrifice! A man after God’s heart loves other people. 1 Samuel 13 Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary. The Philistine threat. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. He could probably smell the sacrifice in the air. Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. First, Saul plainly disobeyed Samuel. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. In fact at this time, he wasn’t a man at all! : Saul decided to perform the sacrifice not more than an hour before Samuel arrived. Israel had enjoyed the “peace” of subjected people: everything will be fine as long as you take your place of subjugation. Literally, the Hebrew says that Saul wanted to, Samuel – perhaps as a priest blesses the people. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Saul, Jonathan his son, and the people present with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin. iv. David knew God’s will was most important. For above a year he gave the Philistine time to prepare … 1 SAMUEL 13. ii. iv. : Saul was in Gilgal for many months. Previously Israel only had a militia that assembled in times of national threat. I never understood why the priests were so special anyway.” Saul could have positive response in the polling data but if God were not with him, it would all crumble. We might imagine that the Philistine blacksmiths, even though they charged each Israelite, for sharpening, would never put too fine an edge on anything. O vain man! These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. God allowed this to test Saul’s faith, to see if he believed God was great enough to deliver from so many with so few. Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible has served as an invaluable guide to the Bible for pastors and students the world over. But Saul would actually reign another 20 years. God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. 1Sa 13:1, 2. All Samuel wanted to hear was confession and repentance. c. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal: Saul’s position as king was confirmed at Gilgal (1 Samuel 11:15). We can discover this by looking at the man who was nota man after His own heart (Saul) and comparing him to the man who wasa man after His own heart (David). 1 Samuel 13:13 - Samuel said to Saul, 'You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you, for now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Our disposition to obey or disobey God, will often be proved by our behaviour in things which appear small. Saul became increasingly bitter against people and lived more and more unto himself, but David loved people. Those that desired a king like all the nations fancied that, when they had one, they should look very great and considerable; but in this chapter we find it proved much otherwise. d. And Saul said: Saul’s response is a classic example of excuse making and failure to trust God. ii. i. They have more men, more chariots, more horses, and better swords and spears than we have. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. We don’t war against armies of Philistines; our enemies are principalities… powers… the rulers of the darkness of this age… spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places (Ephesians 6:12). a) He had grieved over His rejection of Saul far too long. If peace with the devil is more important to you than victory in the LORD, you will often be defeated and subjected. : Samuel left probably knowing that the announcement of judgment was an invitation to repentance, and probably knowing that Saul would not repent. Login or Create an Account. i. Saul was a man after Israel’s heart. Sins which appear to us very little, have dangerous consequences. Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. When Saul at length sounded an alarm, the people, dissatisfied with his management, or terrified by the power of the enemy, did not come to him, or speedily deserted him. Men destitute of inward piety, often lay great stress on the outward performances of religion. 3. First, this was because these farm tools were the only weapons the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp? ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and that you did not come within the days appointed, and that the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.”. According to 1 Samuel 13:5 the Philistines already had a huge army, easily outmatching Saul’s 3,000 men. “This number seems incredible to infidels; to whom it may be sufficient to reply, that it is far more rational to acknowledged a mistake in him that copied out the sacred text in such numeral or historical passages, wherein the doctrine of faith and good life in not directly concerned, than upon such a pretense to question the truth and divinity of the Holy Scriptures, which are so fully attested, and evidently demonstrated. i. Thirty thousand chariots is a massive number, and some doubt the accuracy of this number. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, CHAPTER 13. He was all about image, prestige, and the things men look at. 1. He was all about image, prestige, and the things men look at. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. . You did not come within the days appointed. Many times, when God announces judgment, He will relent if His people repent. Now Saul. One company turned to the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual, another company turned to the road to Beth Horon, and another company turned to the road of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. David knew God’s will was most important. He repeatedly demonstrated the ability to lead a successful attack. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him, : Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. The chief advantages of the enemies of the church are derived from the misconduct of its professed friends. : Despite all the excuses, all the reasons, all the blaming of someone else, the bottom line was still the bottom line. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this volume commentary on the Bible is highly regarded for his very prudent and judicious expositions A king would solve our problems.” Now they have a king and the problems are still there. c. All Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines: Saul plainly took credit for Jonathan’s bold attack on the garrison of the Philistines. Israel had enjoyed the “peace” of subjected people: everything will be fine as long as you take your place of subjugation. As soon as the Israelites showed boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, the Philistines considered the Israelites an abomination. First, this was because these farm tools were the only weapons the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp? For Saul, Saul was king. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. Now that he was king, the men of Israel expected greater things from him. All the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare: By carefully guarding their military technology, the Philistines kept the Israelites in a subservient place. a. Thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude: The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. In the press of the current crisis, every day now seemed much more important. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. But God will now give Israel a man after His own heart and raise that man up to be the next king. i. For David, the LORD God was king. See how politic the Philistines were when they had power; they not only prevented the people of Israel from making weapons of war, but obliged them to depend upon their enemies, even for instruments of husbandry. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. He could probably smell the sacrifice in the air. Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which, on the seashore in multitude. ii. This was no small sin. But Samuel did not look for reasons or excuses because there were no valid reasons or excuses. b. (1-2) Saul assembles Israel’s first standing army. Saul probably felt that a quick response gave them the best chance to win the battle. Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. What can it avail to sacrifice to God, against God?” (Trapp), Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. He gets things done. A man after God’s heart honors the LORD. But David thought it was important because it pleased and honored God. But the Philistines encamped in Michmash. Both David and Saul knew sacrifice before battle was important. : The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. a. They may even kind of like us. Therefore I felt compelled: “I had to. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this one volume concise commentary provides a condensed look at nearly every verse in the Bible i. g. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart: God was looking for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. And, the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. But God will now give Israel a man. a. c. Samuel said, “What have you done”: Samuel knew Saul did something wrong. Even if Samuel was totally in the wrong, it didn’t justify Saul’s sin. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. But David thought it was important because it pleased and honored God. Saul had no business doing what only a priest should do. . f. A man after His own heart: What does this mean? He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. d. The people followed him trembling: They still honored Saul as king, but they were really frightened. The Hebrew text does not include the number "thirty" or "forty." a. Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel: This was the first “regular” army for Israel. i. : By carefully guarding their military technology, the Philistines kept the Israelites in a subservient place. Probably many of them thought, “What we really need is a king. Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. 1 Samuel 13:13 - Samuel said to Saul, Samuel said to Saul, "You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you, for now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. 3. A man after God’s heart enthrones God as king. It must be better to have. Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. : There were so few iron weapons available that only the royal family could be properly equipped. , he was not supposed to be ruled by his feelings. The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD: “We really needed God’s help against the Philistines, and we needed it now, so I had to do it.” But if Saul would have obeyed and trusted God, the LORD would take care of the Philistines. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. It was bad enough to be outnumbered so badly. The loss of so many men was probably the reason why Saul offered the sacrifice without Samuel, and it displayed a heart of distrust and disobedience to God. God is. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. Line upon line, Saul made his sin worse with excuses. It is the common formula for denoting the age of a king at his accession, and the length of his reign. And the people were called together to Saul at Gilgal. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. : Archaeologists have found this Philistine fortress at. Praising God on the day you give your little son away may not be easy, but it is praise God is pleased with, even as we are told to bring a sacrifice of praise to God (Hebrews 13:15). All the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Add to my study list. 1 SAMUEL 13 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE Samuel Rebukes Saul 13 Saul was thirty[a] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-[b] two years. (15-23). When Saul was confronted with his sin he offered excuses. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people. b. And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. 13). But now your kingdom shall not continue. As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering: Saul decided to perform the sacrifice not more than an hour before Samuel arrived. iii. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Soon Samuel will come and lead us in sacrifice before God. : Saul’s response is a classic example of excuse making and failure to trust God. I never understood why the priests were so special anyway.” Saul could have positive response in the polling data but if God were not with him, it would all crumble. Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. David thought that God was the goal. Want of true sense always accompanies want of grace. Sin is folly, and the greatest sinners are the greatest fools. But now your kingdom shall not continue. ; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger, : Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. If he trusted God and waited one more hour, how different things could have been! Their division into two books each, as we now have them, originates with the so-called Septuagint translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek, said to have been made in the third century B.C. on StudyLight.org i. I saw that the people were scattered from me: “I had to do something to impress the people and gain back their support.” But if Saul had obeyed and trusted God, God would have seen him to victory over the Philistines with or without the people. Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. In great fear (the people were distressed) they hid anywhere they could (in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits) or they fled across the Jordan River (to the land of Gad and Gilead). still in Gilgal, and all the people followed him trembling. And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and, you did not come within the days appointed, and, the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.”, As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering. According to the time set by Samuel: Samuel told Saul to wait for him at Gilgal. See 2 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 5:4; 1 Kings 14:21, &c. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. This was a low point for Israel. Saul verspeelt de gunst van Samuel Saul was dertig jaar (13:1) dertig jaar – Volgens sommige handschriften van de Septuaginta. 1 Samuel 13:1. First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. It clearly says, “Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines.” As long as the Israelites stayed in their weak, defeated place, the Philistines thought they were great guys. He didn’t have to sin though he felt like sinning. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. 2. : They still honored Saul as king, but they were really frightened. First, Saul plainly disobeyed Samuel. 1 Samuel 13:13. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. ii. 12 And Samuel rose early to meet Saul in the morning. The Bible speaks of the fool as someone morally and spiritually lacking. A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. Then we’ll go out and whip the Philistines!” But it didn’t happen like that. A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. The LORD'S rebuke of Samuel (v.1). I couldn’t wait any longer.” Even though Saul felt compelled, he was not supposed to be ruled by his feelings. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him, commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”, : This is a stronger phrase than we might think. c. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever: The whole point in being a king was to establish a dynasty, where one’s sons sat on the throne afterwards. 1. MT: ‘een jaar’. A thousand were with Jonathan: This is the first mention of Saul’s son Jonathan. oud toen hij … : What does this mean? They imported weapons and know-how from those distant lands. His own sense of insecurity will not allow any of his associates (even his own son) to receive credit. Now that he was king, the men of Israel expected greater things from him. Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. a. : Samuel told Saul to wait for him at Gilgal. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you: Despite all the excuses, all the reasons, all the blaming of someone else, the bottom line was still the bottom line. You have done foolishly: This is a stronger phrase than we might think. Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” Now all Israel heard it said. Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. He should have been more concerned with pleasing God instead of the people. (1-7) Saul sacrifices, He is reproved by Samuel. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that, . (5-7) The Philistines prepare their army. A man after God’s heart enthrones God as king. c. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him: This added to Saul’s anxiety. i. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 13 and more! The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. You can also change some of your preferences. “This number seems incredible to infidels; to whom it may be sufficient to reply, that it is far more rational to acknowledged a mistake in him that copied out the sacred text in such numeral or historical passages, wherein the doctrine of faith and good life in not directly concerned, than upon such a pretense to question the truth and divinity of the Holy Scriptures, which are so fully attested, and evidently demonstrated. : This was plainly sinful. “To disobey God in the smallest matter is sin enough: there can be no sin little, because there is no little God to sin against.” (Trapp), ii. (1-2) Saul assembles Israel’s first standing army. As long as we are weak and subjected to our spiritual enemies, they don’t mind us at all. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . 1 Samuel 13:1. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand. Commentary on 1 Samuel 13:8-14 (Read 1 Samuel 13:8-14) Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see 1 Samuel 10:8, as to what should be done in cases of extremity. 1 Samuel 13:1-7. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger (for the people were distressed), then the people hid in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits. Samuel put it plainly: you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God. But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. Though he was a king, he would not establish the monarchy in Israel. 1-samuel 13:1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 1-samuel 13:2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. And this declaration would have been abundantly verified, if the kingdom had been enjoyed by Saul, and by his son, and by his son’s son; after whom the kingdom might have come to Judah. But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. It just seemed like the right thing to do. b. Word Biblical Commentary on 1 Samuel; ... (chap. : Earlier, Saul had about 3,000 in his regular army (1 Samuel 13:2). 1. Saul thought God would help him achieve his goals. So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who. Saul had no business doing what only a priest should do. 1 Samuel 13:3 - Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. “Though God threaten Saul with the loss of his kingdom for this sin, yet it is not improbable that there was a tacit condition implied, as is usual in such cases.” (Poole).

1 samuel 13 commentary

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