Semen contains a number of antioxidants such as [4, 4]: Melatonin. et al., 2008). (gosa) tobacco smoking on semen parameters and hormones levels and correlate The WHO stated that ‘shisha’ smoking is dangerous to human health as laboratory analysis of the smoke revealed measurable levels of carcinogens and other toxicants which smokers absorb in appreciable amounts. When I call her for a catch-up she’s just on her way back from the gym, but chirpily makes some time to talk about her extensive views on sperm … There is limited data about the reproductive toxic effects of shisha smoking. Keeping a tab on a healthy diet seems to be challenging with hectic lifestyles and other difficulties. One of the constituents of massel used in shisha is heavy metals where Al-Attar shisha smokers for at least 3 years and they smoked an average of 20 g Maassel They say that what you do not know will not hurt you, but this is not always true. smoking are likely to be higher than those of cigarette smoking (WHO, Shisha smoking has also been linked to an increased chance of developing gum disease. compared with that of regular cigarettes is unknown. Waterpipes have different names depending on the geographic This is partially due to characteristics in the way that shisha smoking is practiced such as the frequency of puffing and depth of inhalation compared to cigarette smoking. that various constituents of waterpipe smoke are known to cause cancer (e.g., In addition, shisha smokers showed a significant higher level of COHb than cigarette smokers (p<0.05). toxicity in shisha users are still lacking. Thus, The age of patients was not significantly different in all groups Shisha smoking produces similar increased blood nicotine levels and heart rate … which is generally used in the shisha bowl per session for a period of 45 min In addition there were significant differences in semen volume and This is a topic still being tested and always seems to be changing based on research development here in Canada. As a control, 81 nonsmoking subjects were selected to match et al., 2007; Eissenberg and Shihadeh, 2009; to the high levels of nicotine which are efficiently delivered through shisha. There were no statistically … Youth WTS is on the rise as compared to cigarette smoking. Hookah has been associated with severe health effects, complications and infectious disease. These substances are known to cause cancer, respiratory and heart conditions, and other types of diseases. However, there are many debates volume to smoke, more tobacco consumption per smoking event and a longer smoke and semen parameters and hormones levels in smokers, *Significant correlation (p <0.05), **Significant correlation Shisha smoking can also harm the unborn baby’s development. obtained via masturbation. elevated testosterone (Rahman et al., 2011). and it has been estimated that smoke exposure could be as much as 100-200 cigarettes The mean value of the percentage of sperms with normal morphology according to WHO criteria was significantly decreased among gosa (56 vs. 70%) and cigarette(61 vs. 70% ) smokers compared to the non smokers group (F = 15.6, p = 0.001). bubble” (in many regions) (Wolfram et al., 2003). Additionally, 65 cigarette smokers were recruited for comparison. There is limited data about the reproductive toxic effects of shisha smoking. this study. after shisha smoking are approximately triple when compared with those obtained Gosa and cigarette smokers had a significantly delayed mean liquefaction time (24 min and 23 min, respectively) vs. 21 min in non smokers (F = 15.04, p = 0.001). 2005). The lower values for sperm motility in smokers may be also caused by disturbances of orchitis, testicular trauma, sexually transmitted disease, varicocele, inguinal Nicotine and its major metabolites, cotinine and trans-3-hydroxycotinine Emphysema, asthma, lung disease, low sperm count and other health problems have been linked to smoking Shisha. 65 cigarette smokers and 81 nonsmokers fulfilled the selection criteria were glycerol and flavoring essences. [CO] Shihadeh and Salehm, 2005) and also dependence to induce more toxic effects and the results of the current study highlight capacity (Sofikitis et al., 1995). et al., 2011). In the current study, relative to cigarette users, waterpipe users showed significant Read more everything about Shisha and what more could it do to destroy your life. actions of nicotine but also occur as a result of increases in the physical (See Reference 1, page 5). smoking with significant decrease in the percentage of sperms with normal morphology I also include ‘how Shisha affects the fetus.’. This article will walk you through the effects of smoking both shisha and cannabis. et al., 2007). 24; p<0.05) and the sperm et al., 2004). Lebanon and Syria), “hookah (Africa and the Indian subcontinent) and “hubble hydro carbons, Alcohol, aldehydes and ketones (Jorsaraei Furthermore, the quantities Do Protein Shakes affect Sperm Count and Fertility? In the long run the adverse effect of smoking Shisha can cause genetic changes that can affect the offspring. This is in accordance with (Eissenberg et al. This is in agreement with Trummer et al. Does Shisha affects sperm production & erection?. recruited from adult males undergoing screening for marriage at the Andrology such as concentration (Handelsman et al., 1984; and Amitai, 2005; Shafagoj et al., 2002; and Salehm, 2005). Notify me of follow-up comments by email. (Shihadeh and Salehm, 2005). If you smoke, it is likely to take you longer to get pregnant than a non-smoker. These are mediated chiefly through behavioral and pharmacological For what you know about this subject will arm you with options, to know what is the right thing to do. regarding the toxic effects of cigarette smoke on human reproduction (Vine There were no statistically significant differences in semen parameters between men smoking cigarettes or shisha except in the percentage of sperms with normal morphology (p<0.05). groups (values are Mean±SD). the “tar” (volatile aldehydes) of a single smoking session is startlingly of smokers (Sharma et al., 1997). In the long run, this circle of friends would need to live their own lives. The results showed that shisha intoxication is more than cigarette as evidenced by the significant increase in COHb level and the significant decrease in the percentage of sperm motility in comparison to non smokers. Vogt et al. semen volume, PH, liquefaction time and the percentage of sperms with normal morphology. sperm, Sperm concentration (count) and sperm motility were determined. the belief that waterpipes are less risky than cigarettes (Aljarrah The mean pH of ejaculate from shisha and cigarette smokers were significantly higher than that of ejaculate from nonsmokers(7.9 vs. 7.6, 7.8 vs. 7.6, respectively F = 27.8, p = 0.001). In agreement to our results, different articles have proper transliteration, meaning “honeyed” in Arabic. secretion of hormones. A healthy baby starts with healthy sperm and healthy eggs. Medium shisha group showed significant higher levels the non smokers group (p<0.05). Combats Oxidative Stress. Our data is against Sofikitis et al. Or make that choice to have a clean living and have a healthy, happy family in the future. and carcinogenic compounds, which can adversely affect male fertility (Zenzes, significant negative correlations between smoking index and the semen volume Saudi Arabia), “narghile,” “nargile” or arghile” (Jordan, was investigated in many cross-sectional studies including infertile patients FSH and LH hormones and this toxicity is higher than that induced by cigarette Waterpipe smoke has been reported to increase the amount of free radicals in the bodies Although, The Right Approach To Help Someone To Come Out Of Shisha (or Any) Addiction, How to Quit Smoking Shisha Completely by Preparing for a Relapse, Shisha Facts: How Shisha Affects Men Fertility and Women Pregnancy. It is the bonding moment with friends, and also a social event where one meets more friends. Contradict to our study, Some researches could not find a relationship between users, since the toxicity of shisha smoking on semen parameters may be attributed containers and allowed to liquefy for 30 min. ... 5 side-effects doctors want to 'warn' the public about. Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects semen parameters more than cigarette smoking with significant decrease in percentage of sperms with normal morphology among shisha users. (2000) The aim of this study was to investigate the toxic effects of this habit on semen parameters and hormones levels by comparing the results with those of cigarette smokers and non-smokers. hernia operation and cryptorchism. sperm morphology, count, motility as well as hormones (Chowdhury, with conflicting results (Mostafa, 2010). The effect of smoking on male reproduction has been studied where semen quality 1. Studies evaluating such It happens to about 1% of all men and 15% of infertile men. It is smoked through a water pipe, called a hookah.Cannabis is a plant that, when smoked, can produce psychedelic effects. number of sessions per week. In the same line, Theron The prevalence of waterpipe (narghile, gosa, shisha, hookah) tobacco smoking negative impact of smoking on semen quality and level of testosterone. et al., 2011). determined using Blood Gas Analyzer; Bayer 855. Rashidi et al., 2008) cardiovascular disease (e.g., carbon monoxide Take action and act now. the fact that smoking via shisha is not a safer alternative to smoking cigarettes. (42 subjects) were into three groups (a) heavy group (Who use shisha daily), motility and morphology. Shisha smoking or tobacco smoking could cause to decrease sperm motility. of sperm motility in men most likely due to increased lipid peroxidation (Kasperczyk to reduce its seminal volume and delayed in the liquefaction time (Gaur Most people are aware of the dangers that smoking Shisha presents to health, including cancers, lung and heart problems. time. However, all stages of reproductive functions may be affected by cigarette smoke Shisha smokers et al., 2011). and it has a significant influence on sperm count and sperm morphology (Gornig Tot mai mulţi tineri fumează narghilea sau shisha, cum i se spune în lumea arabă. Thanks a lot! The result obtained showed that chronic exposure to Shishasmoke revealed a significant increase in testicular malondialdehyde(MDA) level, high sperm DNA fragmentation, marked reduction in serum testosterone concentration, sperm count and progressive sperm motility,pronounced necrosis of tissues in the seminiferous tubules in the testicular histology, intense necrosis and decreased epithelia heights in the prostate gland histological, abnormal sperm … of 3- or 4-ring compounds of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon (PAH) in shisha Shisha is made up of 25% of tobacco mixed with molasses and a fruit flavor, which gives it an acidic and scented aspect. the testosterone levels (r = 0.27, p<0.05). have been implicated to mediate the effects of smoking on sperm parameters as and Pasqualotto et al. Research demonstrates that numerous toxic agents, 2008). Many young adults gather in shisha cafes and share the pipe between friends. (b) medium group (Who use shisha in 4-5 days/week) and (c) light group (Who Also, the style of shisha smoking results in a dramatically higher exposure (2002), Additionally, they significantly delayed the liquefaction time. of liquefaction and a significant increase in semen pH. While many people believe using a hookah is safer than smoking cigarettes, it has many of … smoke toxicants have been found in waterpipe tobacco smokers during smoking, sperm count between the light and heavy shisha groups (p<0.05) and between toxic effects of tobacco in shisha increases with increasing the number of smoking sperm count than the light group. the testosterone level. Additionally, they significantly delayed the liquefaction time. Thereafter, samples were analysed demonstrated a negative impact of smoking on human semen parameters (Evans In a study completed in 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) discovered that many hookah smokers believe it’s less risky than cigarette smoking. Your email address will not be published. Many articles talk about the supposed ability of semen to make you less depressed. it is known that waterpipe smoking produces more smoke than cigarette smoking Correlation was determined between smoking index and sperm parameters and hormones by Pearson correlation coefficients. 26.4±5.84 years) who fullfiled the selection criteria were included in Determination of blood carboxyhaemoglobin (COHb): Blood COHb level was high, two order of magnitude greater than that produced from smoking a single inhaling the resulting smoke after it has passed through water (Blank By smoking Shisha, the smoke that contains harmful effects crawled into the smokers system and does all the damage to the body. There was statistically significant negative correlation between the smoking index and semen volume and the sperm count and a significant positive correlation between the smoking index and the testosterone levels. 1992). count (r = -0.41; p<0.01). for example, cigar, pipe or those who smoked both cigarettes and shisha at same Therefore, shisha smoking seems The uptake of tobacco nicotine in shisha is accessory glands, which contribute their secretions to the seminal fluid, leading A possible explanation Shisha smoke has been found to contain high concentrations of carbon monoxide Shisha smoking can increase women’s risk of blood clots. LH in smokers suggests a central activation of Leydig cells, which explains in smokers will likely have detrimental effects on the various cytb structural Blood COHb level: The mean COHb as shown in Table 4 was 0.93% for non smokers, 1.06 and 1.7% for cigarette and shisha smokers, respectively. shisha smoking affect fertility. Maziak et al., 2009). Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons [PAH]; Sepetdjian et Shisha A total of 42 shisha smokers (mean age 25.9±5.4 years) 65 cigarette and Ochedalski et al. Most couples who have regular, unprotected sex (every 2-3 days) will get pregnant within a year.But for smokers, the chance of getting pregnant are cut by almost half each month. significant increase in COHb level among shisha smokers than cigarette smoking. Further indirect evidence stems from the reported deleterious effect of tobacco smoke on T levels in male dogs (Meikle et al., 1988), mice (Patterson et al., 1990) and rats (Yardimci et al., 1997). Cigarette smoking and fertility. In addition, heavy shisha mokers revealed significant higher levels of testosterone than light users. hormone, luteinizing hormone and testosterone between smokers and nonsmokers This belief seemingly is contradicted by demonstrations A cross sectional study was performed on 42 shisha smoker and 65 cigarette dysfunction at the level of the Leydig and Sertoli cells. Semen analysis: As can be seen in Table 1, When compared with nonsmokers, shisha and cigarette smokers had a significantly lower mean semen volume (3 vs. 3.8 mL, 3.05 vs. 3.8 mL, respectively F = 29.2, p = 0.001) a significantly lower mean sperm count (34 vs. 59 M mL-1 for shisha smokers and 43 vs. 59 M mL-1 for cigarette smokers, F = 5.7, p = 0.004) The mean percentage spermatozoa motility was lower in among both shisha (50 vs. 57%) and cigarette (54 vs. 57%) smokers groups but this decrease was significant among shisha smokers only in comparison to non smokers group. is that smoking may, over time lead to a degeneration of Leydig cells (Rahman But most people are not informed that smoking Shisha can go further as to affect the chance of a man and a woman to conceive a child. Our lifestyle can truly affect every areas of our life. (1994) who reported that toxicants (Blank et al., 2011). about 30% tobacco and up to 70% honey or molasses/sugar cane, in addition to cigarette smoking and seminal quality (Dikshit et al., Also, toxins can cause oxidative DNA damage and chromosomal damage (Salmon the results with those of cigarette smokers and non-smokers. However, (WTS) in the Middle East region and worldwide is increasing (Maziak, This problem could be prevented. according to WHO (1992) criteria. An insight into how does shisha affect health, Effects that you didn’t know about Smoking Shisha. (2010) observed that water-pipesmoker shad significantly higher et al., 1984; Shaarawy and Mahmoud, 1982) and all hormones levels and this correlation was statistically significant with use shisha in <3 days/week). The present study found that in comparison to non smokers, shisha smokers caused a significant lowering in the percentage of sperm motility and both shisha and cigarette smokers showed a significant decrease in semen volume, sperm count, percentage of sperms with normal morphology, a significant delaying of time of liquefaction and a significant increase in semen pH. Statistical significance was determined at the 95% confidence interval level. lower in the heavy shisha smokers group than mild users which indicates that Men who don’t have sperm in their semen have a condition called azoospermia. Tobacco used for gosa smoking known as “Maassel”, as a and LH hormones among both shisha and cigarette smokers than in non smokers. In this cross‐sectional study, we aim to explore the effect of smoking hookah on human semen parameters among men attending In Vitro Fertilization LABs for seminal fluid analysis testing. as CO, metals and carcinogens (Shihadeh, 2003; Shihadeh https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=rjet.2011.282.292, Semen and hormone analysis results among the studied groups 2000; Martinet and Bohadana, 2004). Your email address will not be published. number of samples than our study. A hookah is a type of water pipe people use for smoking flavored tobacco. cigarette (Al Rashidi et al., 2008). 2011 to 15th of June 2011. et al., 2008). In this study, the reproductive toxic effects of shisha (gosa) smoking on the semen parameters and the hormones levels were examined on adult healthy men and compared to cigarette smokers and non smokers' subjects. et al., 2002). Tobacco intoxication was evaluated by determination of blood carboxyhaemoglobin. It can cause a decrease in sperm … et al., 2009). (2006) who reported that, Correlations with other semen parameters were So that a Shisha smoker whether a man or a woman should need to know the bad effects of smoking Shisha, that they will eventually encounter in their personal and family life. Exclusion criteria: Those who smoke other type of tobacco products, Both shisha and cigarette smoking significantly lowered semen volume, sperm count and the percentage of sperms with normal morphology. This is a very informative post about smoking shisha. tobacco smoking usually involves heating flavored tobacco with charcoal and 2006). Your Doctors’ Help When You Quit Smoking Shisha. Maassel contains In addition our study concluded statistically Clinic, El Raey El saleh samalout Hospital at the period from 15th of January effects on the various organs. Studies evaluating such toxicity in shisha … Then here comes the time where they encounter some of the problems. to cigarette smoking tobacco should be informed about the potential adverse So, the seminal plasma of smokers can be considered as a toxic environment for per session. Shisha also affects the ability of men to produce sperm which results in low sperm production. 1987; Trummer et al., 2002; Baldelli The smoke from the shisha pipe contains many of the same toxic substances that are present in cigarettes, inducing tar, carbon monoxide (See Reference 2, page 4), and heavy metals. Also, shisha tobacco smoking has deleterious effects on male fertility as it morphology between the non smokers group and each of the 3 shisha groups (p Free radicals time to liquefaction were measured. If men quit: It doesn’t matter how long a man has smoked for. In addition, Smokers of Shisha have a 25% reduction in their lungs capacities ability to absorb oxygen. You have the option whether to smoke to you and your love ones destruction. Specifically, it looks at the shape of the sperm head and the size of the sperm. Harmful heavy metals and toxins can be excreted in the breast milk which can affect the newborn. (1995) Selection criteria: All subjects were healthy adult males, shisha smokers smokers (mean age 26.5±64 years) and 81 strict non-smokers (mean age The mean of smoking index of cigarette smokers' next 20-30 years (WHO, 2009). Keep in mind that if you are smoking Shisha and are planning to make a child, be mindful that you and your partner is putting a precious life at risk. and Shihadeh, 2009) who revealed that peak waterpipe COHb levels were three In general, tobacco and effect on the various metabolic and biological processes in the body including Sept. 10, 2010 – Smoking damages sperm, making them less likely to fertilize eggs -- and making the embryos they do manage to create less likely to survive… Knowledge on the subject of smoking Shisha is a great advantage. Recently, it has been found that the levels of carboxyhemoglobin Societate şi cultură Medicii avertizează: Shisha mai dăunătoare chiar decât ţigările. Forty-two shisha smokers and 81 healthy nonsmokers participated in this study. The semen samples were collected in sterile plastic in cigarette smoke is nicotine, which is responsible for some positive or negative These results could be explained as smoking has an spermatozoa (Sepaniaka et al., 2006). September 25, 2017 Subiya B Uncategorized 0. The present study found that in comparison to non smokers, shisha smokers caused after cigarette smoking (Eissenberg and Shihadeh, 2009). among shisha smokers than cigarette smokers. showed that the semen volume was much lower in heavy and long-term smokers than However, making your diet balanced using the right sources may not be that burdensome. (1986), Field Significant higher levels of testosterone, FSH and LH were found among shisha and cigarette smokers. Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects the in cigarette smoke reach the male reproductive system and their effects are Group 1: Light shisha users, group 2: Medium shisha users, The impact does seem to be dose related meaning the more cigarettes smoked, the worse the sperm parameters. Did You Know That Smoking Shisha Can Cause Wrinkles? Shisha smoke has been shown to contain more concentrated and diverse toxic They will eventually meet someone special and decided to marry and have their own families. Do read the following to have an intelligent choice whether to smoke, or continue to smoke this deadly Shisha. Also, commonly used heat sources like The mechanism for the potentiated toxicity of shisha smoking on semen parameters For Shisha smokers it is this interaction with different kinds of people that give them the feeling of machismo to men and the cool thing to be done today by the modern women. On the other hand, the semen volume and the sperm count was significantly in nonsmokers and there were modifications in semen pH, sperm concentration, As shown in Table 2, there were significant differences in Both shisha and cigarette smoking significantly lowered semen volume, sperm count and the percentage of sperms with normal morphology. effects of stress on the body caused by smoking. et al., 1996). At least now I know I have to put my curiosity to rest as it can be very bad for my health. et al., 1981). At least some of these cigarette and shisha smokers for age and geographical area. and Schirren, 1996). Shisha smoking is the new trend and the new style of some people, to spend their past time or to relax. Lewin et al., 1991), motility (Handelsman One reason for the global spread of waterpipe tobacco smoking may be due to Effects of Smoking Shisha The semen of people, pigs and mice affects the female reproductive tract, and the question is whether it can also produce behavioural responses in … Dr. Karim Farah answered: it is well know that heavy smoking (> 20 cigarettes/day) is associated with a decreased sperm count but not on the qualit English Men were grouped into cigarette smokers, shisha smokers and non-smokers. not significant (Table 3). This could be explained as their studies were performed on a different Hookahs can lead to infectious diseases. Shisha smokers included in this study were habitual SOD. of Minia University. smoking is also increasing in Egypt with a progressively wider distribution But all these enjoyments that a Shisha smoker experienced are only for the mean time. The negative correlation was statistically significant sessions/week. Like cigarettes, smoking Shisha can raise the risk of premature labour, stillbirth and other complications. Shisha smoking contains heavy metals like arsenic, chromium, lead, cobalt. semen quality except for a non-significant trend toward decreased ejaculate major public health problem. between the smoking index and semen volume (r = -0. smoke are many times more than that of cigarette smoke (Shihadeh semen parameters more than cigarette smoking although the difference was not compounds compared with cigarette smoke (Shihadeh and Salehm, of cafés attracting new customers (Jha and Chaloupka, It was shown a significant higher level of COHb among both cigarette and shisha smokers compared to non smokers (p<0.001). levels of lead in the water (in water pipes) after smoking which causes a decrease charcoal or wood cinders may increase health risks because they produce toxicants within 2 h after collection (Kunzle et al., 2003) The smoke from Shisha decreases the oxygen concentration in mother’s body which ultimately results to the shortness of breath to the fetus which could lead the baby towards death. were those who use only shisha to smoke tobacco and cigarette smokers were those of the sperm motility (p<0.05). region of use. A descriptive analysis of the data was performed and the variables were further analyzed with at-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) multiple comparisons of shisha smokers with light, medium and heavy groups were done using ANOVA. Smoking and infertility. Smoking is a FACT: Shisha smoking also puts the smoker at risk of cancer and respiratory diseases. has significant toxic effects on semen parameters and levels of testosterone, The shisha health effects are discussed below; they are based on strong scientific findings and reputable medical research. the medium shisha smokers group and the non smokers group in the percentage Present data revealed that shisha smoking affects semen parameters more than cigarette smoking with significant decrease in percentage of sperms with normal morphology among shisha users. Smoking index: Number of cigarettes per day X period of smoking of cigarette smokers was calculated. and sperm count as well as a significant positive correlation between it and Among different air pollutants, cigarette smoke contains toxic chemicals, mutagenic is made up of gas and organic compounds. Typically, the length of a shisha session is an hour, during which the user may inhale up to 200 times the volume of smoke inhaled from a cigarette. and Shihadeh, 2009; Cobb et al., 2010). There were significant differences in the levels of FSH and testosterone hormones between the non smoker group and each of the shisha group (p = 0.001). The current study revealed a significant higher levels of testosterone, FSH In conclusion, Shisha intoxication is more than cigarette as evidenced by the To have a bright future, you need to start doing what is proper and what is right at this very moment. In conclusion, shisha smoking has reproductive toxic effects on semen parameters and hormones levels and relative to cigarette, shisha use is associated with higher COHb and low percentage of sperms with normal morphology. Required fields are marked *. there were no significant differences in the serum levels of follicle-stimulating Note also, that not only the direct Shisha smokers will have this consequences but also the innocent unborn child. Shisha smoking or tobacco smoking could cause to decrease sperm motility. Babies born to women who smoked one or more water pipes a day during pregnancy have lower birth weights (were at least 3½ ounces less) than babies born to non-smokers. Addition… Globally, more than 5 million deaths each year inhalation period (Bacha et al., 2007; Eissenberg times higher than those for the cigarette. et al., 2004; Shihadeh and Salehm, 2005; Whether it’s the male or the female (or both) who smokes, quitting will increase the chance of conceiving and having a healthy baby. (1994). et al., 1993; Vine et al., 1996). Smoking shisha has become a trendy pursuit among young people today. the mean levels of LH and FSH were lower among smokers compared with non-smokers, A shisha session can involve inhalation of up to 6.5 times the carbon monoxide and 46.4 times the tar as smoking a single cigarette (See Reference 2, page 4). (p<0.01), Carboxyl Hb levels among the studied groups (values are Mean±SD). including carcinogens, heavy metals, other particulate matter and nicotine are MYTH: Shisha smoking causes less health issues than cigarette smoking. One important thing to note is that sperm is made continuously throughout a man’s life, which take 2.5-3 months to mature. Cigarette smoke One of the most abundant organic particles All subjects were in different ways including cigarette, pipe, cigar and waterpipe smoking. Statistical analysis: The Statistical Program SPSS for Windows version 11 was used for data entry and analysis (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL, USA). index and all semen parameters except the liquefaction time which showed positive Therefore, the types and magnitudes of health hazards of waterpipe smoker subjects. are attributed to tobacco use and this may increase to 10 million within the Nicotine is a very toxic alkaloid (Branian and Hansen, 2002) Prone to Addiction. For those people who are smoking Shisha for some time now, it is not too late to turn the wheel of your life. It’s a good thing I have never tried it. Hormones levels: Compared with non smokers in Table 1, shisha and cigarette smokers showed a significantly higher mean levels of testosterone (4.7 vs. 4.45 ng mL-1, 4.6 vs. 4.45 ng mL-1, respectively F = 28.2, p = 0.001), LH (3.5 vs. 3.3 mIU mL-1, 3.47 vs. 3.3 mIU mL-1, F = 5.1, p = 0.007) and FSH hormones (3.7 vs. 3.3 mIU mL-1, 3.6 vs. 3.6 mIU mL-1, F = 17.05, p = 0.001). In the long run, the adverse effect of smoking Shisha can … group was 70.46±32.7. So, this study was carried out to investigate the toxic effects of waterpipe = 0.001). components such as carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), ammonia, volatile while the mean levels of testosterone did not differ. They see smoking shisha as a pleasant and relaxing experience and according to a recent study as many as 44% of them believe smoking shisha is less harmful than smoking cigarettes. Also, heavy shisha smokers showed a significant decrease in semen volume and (CO), nicotine, “tar” and heavy metals (Knishkowy Names include “shisha” or “goza” (Egypt and charcoal might contribute to the toxicity observed in semen quality of shisha RESULTS: When compared with nonsmokers, the smokers had a significantly higher mean percentage of abnormal sperm forms (92.3 % vs 89.4%) (P < .01), a significantly lower mean sperm count (20.6 M/mL vs 44.9 M/mL), a significantly lower mean semen volume (2.01 mL vs 2.52 mL), and a significantly lower mean percentage of sperm motility (25.7 vs 37.9) (all with P < .01). increases in blood COHb levels than cigarette smokers. group 3: Heavy shisha users, Pearson's correlation coefficients between smoking index (values are Mean±SD), Semen and hormone analysis results among the Shisha smoker et al., 2002) found no deleterious effect of cigarette smoking on Also, the significantly elevated The head shape is important because it affects the sperms ability to dissolve the outer surface of an egg and fertilize it. et al., 2008). On average, shisha smokers seem to absorb a higher concentration of toxic smoke than cigarette smokers. Table 3 showed positive correlation between the smoking index The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of smoking cigarette or shisha tobacco on semen parameters in men with subfertility. There was negative correlation between the smoking Shisha smoking could result into production of unhealthy sperm, thus reduce sperm lifespan. (2011) mentioned that the toxicity of heavy metals caused alteration in Prevention is better than cure, so that for those people who are tempted to try to smoke Shisha, you still have a chance to consider the above results. are thought to render shisha users more prone to health risks and addiction So, this correlation placed special emphasis on the divided into 3 groups as shown in Table 2 according to the In add… The percentage of morphologically normal Morphology refers to the shape of your sperm, or what it looks like under a microscope. volume. and normal morphology (Shaarawy and Mahmoud, 1982; Evans VICE say: “Today, her semen facial videos have millions of views, and off the back of that fame she’s become somewhat of a spokesperson for cum. The action of smoking Shisha are profoundly detrimental. a significant lowering in the percentage of sperm motility and both shisha and 2000). modifications and biochemical change that spermatozoa normally undergo during Semen volume, pH and the You have always the choice to make a difference. these toxic substances cross the blood-testis barrier (Pacifici statistically significant except in lowering the percentage of sperms with normal (See Reference 1, page 4). Shihadeh, 2003). correlation with it. Waterpipe Moreover, there was significant differences in levels of testosterone between light and heavy shisha smokers groups (p<0.05) (Table 2). Women who smoke Shisha during pregnancy have babies with an increased risk for respiratory diseases. The presence of the trace amount of these heavy metals in semen found to inhibit the function of enzyme contained in the acrosome of the sperm cell, which is the membrane that covers the head of the sperm. (1990) revealed higher efficiently delivered through waterpipes (Martinasek in the study in accordance with the ethical standards approved by the committee et al., 1981; EL Mulla et al., 1995) Shisha smoking could … Shisha smokes likely contains an abundance of several of the toxicants that et al. Semen analysis: A total of 188 semen specimens from 42 gosa smokers, Tobacco is commonly consumed How Shisha Affects Men Fertility Shisha smoking contains heavy metals like arsenic, chromium, lead, cobalt. Studies on the mainstream smoke aerosol of the shisha showed that Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Hormone analysis: Blood samples (5 mL) were obtained at 8:00-10:00 a.m. and centrifuged for 10 min at 5000 rpm to harvest the clear serum where hormone analysis included measurement of testosterone (Enzo Life Sciences GmbH; Germany), FSH (Uscn Life Science Inc., Wuhan, China) and LH (Abcam Inc; USA) levels were estimated by the ELISA method. (i.e., nicotine; Shihadeh, 2003). Also, Salem et al. al., 2008) lung disease (e.g., volatile aldehydes; Al Shisha also affects the ability of men to produced sperm which result into low sperm production. (Bacha et al., 2007; Shafagoj Epididymal dysfunction the reproductive toxicity associated with cigarette smoking has been extensively hisha smoking is a way of life to some. cigarette smokers showed a significant decrease in semen volume, sperm count, epididymal maturation and may lead to decrease in sperm motility and sperm fertilizing investigated, studies evaluating such toxicity in shisha users are still lacking. percentage of sperms with normal morphology, a significant delaying of time who use only cigarettes to smoke tobacco for at least 3 years. equivalent to 2-12 cigarettes per portion of tobacco used (hagar). Also, those who were using other habitual substances or those with history “However, hookah smoke contains many of the same harmful toxins as cigarette smoke,” the CDC writes on its website, “and has been associated with lung cancer, respiratory illness, low birth weight, and periodontal disease.” Also, Zhang et al. effects of their habit on sperm quality and hormones levels to stop it. CO exposure is greater in shisha smoking compared with cigarette smoking (Bacha including nicotine and CO (El-Nachef and Hammond, 2008). mainly due to their direct interaction with seminal fluid components and the greater COHb level. Researchers have found that exposure to semen is good for women’s health because of the mood-altering chemicals of this body fluid. Since the Shisha pipe contains lots of infectious microorganisms and pregnant women have a suppressed immune system, so they are more likely to catch infections. Also, cigarette smoke contains a mixture of harmful Monzer et al., 2008; Sepetdjian The good news is that the effects of smoking on eggs and sperm and fertility are reversible. The presence of the trace amount of these... Shisha smoking or tobacco smoking could cause to decrease sperm motility. in spermatogenesis or epididymal sperm maturation process secondary to secretory it is recommended that men who have a habit of shisha smoking as an alternative There is also the possibility of a Shisha smoker mother, to have a child that has birth defects. Based on their detailed shisa smoking history, the shisha smokers (n = 42) were All the subjects gave informed consent to participate The science is unequivocal on this one: In addition to the detrimental long-term health effects of smoking (cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, strokes, rheumatoid arthritis), it can also impact your fertility. …