Read along to find out. Stairs made from metal can create a lot of noise when they are used. A Single Winder Staircase An Arched Staircase With Balcony As its name suggests, the flight of these stairs resembles an arch. In case of Straight Stairs, the landing is called Intermediate Landing. 1 of 4. In fact, some high-end, luxurious homes sport wooden staircases made with opulent materials. The more complicated the design, the more specialization it requires. View all » 1.2. A Floating Staircase With A Double Quarter Landing Some of you might still feel that glass is not a sturdy material. Nail the second riser and screw on the two 2x6 bottom treads leaving a ¼ in gap between the boards. However, simplicity is not a bad thing. A staircase landing is a flat area which separates two flights of stairs. Use the first stringer as a pattern to cut subsequent stringers. Measure the distance between the concrete footers and cut a pressure … These Arched Double Stairs look stunning, don’t they? Stringer Layout Diagram For deck design and structural information, check out the Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide , by the American Wood Council. Outline the pattern on the skirt board. And thus, glass has gained a lot of popularity, especially in the 21st century. Make sure that the 2 x 4 extends all the way to the place where the ground level will be, so you will have the exact measurement, measuring from the bottom part of the 2x4 to the ground level. Brick masonry, Stone masonry, Timber, Steel, Reinforced Cement Concrete. This vertical post acts as a support for all the treads in the flight. In case of half turn stairs its direction reversed, or changed for 180. They are a requirement for many buildings because of their anti-slip properties which help in increasing pedestrian safety. In these type of stairs the flight of stair turns 90 degrees art landing as it rises to connect two different levels. The first step in building stairs is finding the total rise, which is the … Attach a 2x6, same width of the stringer, to the back of the stringer to provide additional support. They are quite similar in construction to the Quarter Landing Stairs featured above. But, what if you want to keep it absolutely straight, with no bends? HANDRAILS FOR COMMERCIAL STAIRS These are most commonly found in apartment and tall office buildings. If you observe the treads of a spiral staircase closely, you will notice that all of them, except for the last one, are wedge-shaped and uniform in size. If the balcony is long enough, it might need multiple newel posts to support the length of the railing. A quarter turn stair is the one which changes its direction either to the right or to the left but where the turn being affected either by introducing a quarter space landing or by providing winders. Just take a look at the illustration below. In this section, we will focus on the various materials which are commonly used to construct staircases. Although this section has almost every conceivable term relating to staircases, we are quite sure that most of you are already familiar with some of these. Wood 1.1.1. Unlike the Single Winder Stairs, this staircase has a 180-degree turn. From the previous step, use the measurement and divide it by 7 inches, minimum. Vertical Rise for Stairs. You can think of this as a single unit of the staircase. When it comes to designing the staircase, it is better to have the winder treads in the beginning compared to the end. Nowadays, many modern homes and commercial spaces use glass staircases to create a contemporary vibe. 1. Next up is Double Winder Stairs. It takes time, knowledge and skills to build a perfect staircase. In most cases, you will find three stringers. We would love to hear from you. Moreover, it saves space compared to a Straight Staircase. Half turn stairs. Primed Square Baluster From stair treads, stair railing and a complete From stair treads, stair railing and a complete selection of Stair Parts, Surewood-LNL has what you need to make your stairs beautiful. Building Materials For Stairs. Staircases which bend can have a Quarter Landing (the angle between the consecutive flight of stairs is 90 degrees), or a Half Landing (the angle between the consecutive flight of stairs is 180 degrees). While some runners are directly nailed or stapled to the steps, others might be securely held in place by a stair rod. Required fields are marked *. In fact, the only difference is where the flight of stairs bifurcates. Disclaimer | This article may contain affiliate links, this means that at no cost to you, we may receive a small commission for qualifying purchases. Construction of concrete stairs is a difficult task that requires an engineer to study all the aspects and design it and a skilled labour to construct it. Cut off the end of the bottom so it is about 5 inched high. via The look of your stairs should coordinate with the rest of your house, so don't try to mix two dramatically different styles, like traditional and modern. Another potential downside to Winder Stairs is the cost to build it. Remove ¾ in from the top of the stringer to fit the missing top riser. Lay out the stairs by drawing on the outside of the framing square, sliding the square along until it meets the last mark. Well, you can create an intermediate landing like the one featured in the illustration below. But once it is plastered and topped off with premium materials like stone or granite, it will surely be fit for any luxurious home. Juan Rodriguez is a former writer with The Balance who covered large-scale construction. They are the simplest to construct and can save you a fair amount of cash compared to the more complex staircase designs. Although not a popular choice for commercial building interiors, metal staircases are often used in private homes. Measure the total rise to the landing spot with a leveled 2 x 4. Measure to determine the stringer and skirt length. Beams / Pillars 1.1.3. National 1420 Handrail Bracket 2-Piece Sure, you can create a straight staircase with a quarter landing or half landing. In case of a staircase with an open landing or upper floor, that area is typically a balcony. Although Half Landing Stairs are not as convenient as Straight Stairs, they save a lot of space. The 7 inch number represents the approximate step height, which sometimes is determined or regulated by the local building code. He is an engineer with experience managing and overseeing large civil works construction. While they are not the staircase of choice for tall buildings, they make perfect sense in a house with two or three floors. Cut the Stringer Supports. via This may be considered as lecture note and may be referred to for academic preparation. However, going down that route means that you do not get many options when it comes to the design. When it comes to the size of the landing, it is identical to that of the Half Landing Staircase. We will cover more about these types of stairs in the next section. That will be the total stair rise measurement. However, concrete alone looks quite mundane. However, that is about to change. Luxurious Arched Double Stairs Stairs may be steep or gradual, narrow or wide, purely functional or grand and showy. If you are still unclear about the balcony of a staircase, take a look at the illustration below. Landing space requirements are determined by local building codes, so be sure to follow your local code regulations. Geometrical stairs. Metal 1.3.1. Bricks 1.2.2. Now, a nosing is a part that may or may not be present in a staircase. For each stair, cut 10" treads from 2" x 10" lumber and 7" risers from OSB sheets. Construction of concrete stairs includes steps such as designing, preparing foundation, building formwork, placement of reinforcement steel bars, concreting, finishing and curing. A stringer board or stringer is what provides support to the treads and risers of a standard staircase. via Calculating Rise and Run. National Mfg. Wood Boards / HP… The primary purpose of building stairs to create a comfortable, safe and attractive way to … This tutorial covers basic instructions on how to build a wooden staircase. Steel Sections / Pipes 1.3.4. Why, you ask? While some of these materials lean towards practicality and durability, others are more aesthetically pleasing. Although a Staircase Runner is not a structural part of the staircase, it not only elevates the safety but also adds a touch of luxury. These staircases are most commonly found in tiny homes where saving space is of utmost importance. They are quite hard to climb and surely not suited for old people. Attach stringers to the skirts using deck screws placed every 8 inches, alternating fr m the front and back. However, do not let its simple construction fool you. Often this is built into the surrounding walls so it goes unnoticed. That brings our Staircase 101 class to an end. So, what exactly is a nosing? A support is typically required for the landing in a L type stair. If you want the stairs to stop 3 inches (7.6 cm) from the top of the deck, however, count the total rise as 2.75 feet (0.84 m). Cut the top and bottom of the stringer with a circular saw. These steps help in changing the direction of the staircase. Now you know the pros and cons of some of the best building materials for stairs in homes. In that case, feel free to skip over to the ones you have not heard of. Find these two places and determine if you have enough space at both ends to be standing up safely, or at least have 24 inches available to use as the landing area. via Glass stairs Arden introduces colour, light, and unexpected dimension to glass stairs. How to draw a detailed stair plan: 1. Wooden stairs are the most traditional staircase material and the most affordable. So, what if the next floor is at a height where it is not possible to create 16 treads without making each tread unnaturally large? In this section, we will focus on the various materials which are commonly used to construct staircases. Add all risers and treads up to the top of the stairs. View all » 1.4. The bottom riser will probably need to be cut to custom height. So, are you ready to begin your Staircase 101 class and learn everything you need to know about stairs? Now, this is the simplest form of Staircases with a straight flight. That is why they are the staircase of choice for buildings with multiple floors. via Just like the rule for the number of the treads in a single flight of stairs, there is also a rule for the minimum depth of landing. Stair Protector Film. x 1-1/4 in. The treads you see here are known as “goose steps.”, A Compact Staircase With Goose Steps Evaluate each option based on the design you want to follow. If the treads are wider than usual, then more stringers are added as necessary. Building stairs with multiple landings and spiral stairs will take a considerable amount of design and planning. STAIRWAY CONSTRUCTION TYPE. However this does not include the wood handrails which can be permitted for all construction types. Now that you have figured out the landing space available, let’s determine the rise or stair height. These staircases exude a premium feel, and you will find them in many high-end homes. Bars / Wire / Mesh 1.3.3. Distinguishing Staircases According To Design, Types of Staircases With A Straight Flight, Spiral Staircases can be both simple and luxurious, Inspirational Statement Walls Ideas That Will Spice Up Your Living Space, 16 Super Interesting Facts About Las Vegas, Sin City. In case of Winder Stairs, there are some steps which are wedge-shaped. A Simple Spiral Staircase With A Central Vertical Post Just have a look at the image below if you are interested in these terms. Carpet protection film with adhesive backing is a long-lasting, residue-free … Your email address will not be published. Boards 1.1.2. Now, this impractical design philosophy cannot be implemented everywhere as building codes might not allow it. Such stairs are … The main downside of having a glass staircase is the maintenance cost. On the other hand, it turns by 180 degrees in a Double Winder Staircase. Cut along your mark making sure that you stop when you reach the corner of the notch. One of the first to consider is the space available, type of material and budget. This tutorial covers basic instructions on how to build a wooden staircase. Two of the stringers will be on either side of the tread, while the last one is in the middle. In most situations, a staircase is an integral part of a home’s design and style. This staircase also has rules for the dimensions of the landing. In case of commercial or assembly buildings, there is a requirement for the number of steps in a flight. In fact, floating staircases do not have risers. In this section, we will talk about the various designs of staircases, ranging from Straight Stairs, Half Landing Stairs to Single Winder Stairs, Spiral Stairs and more. Specify all the different types of materials. Just take a look at the illustration below. These runners are nothing but carpeting for the staircase. And thus, a grandiose spiral staircase will be much costlier compared to its straight counterpart. For the steps themselves, carpet and stone are popular traditional materials, while metal or … via You can play with this calculator trying out different options for the number of risers and run size. Small Spiral Staircases have a central vertical post like the one featured in the image below. Next up is the Half Landing Staircase. It is almost like taking a U-turn, albeit in the upward direction. If you choose the 2 x 4 handrail, you can use a piece of 2 x material to create a 1 … Indicate all the dimensions like tread widths & depths, total length & width of the stair, balustrade details etc. But, quite a few building codes make it mandatory to have stair nosings. In the previous case, the landing flowed along with the staircase. That makes the construction not only tedious but also quite costly. via In this article we explain you the […] In other words, the depth of the landing must be longer than the whole width of the tread of a single flight of stairs. Spiral stairs. via Then again, that is the price you pay for opulence. 3. One of the first to consider is the space available, type of material and budget. This type of stairs creates a mesmerizing floating effect. IBC 2015 Section 1011.7 provides this information on the construction of stairs: 1011.7 Stairway construction. Most metal structures have sharp edges that can cause serious injuries. Stairways shall be built of materials consistent with the types permitted for the type of construction of the building, except that wood handrails shall be permitted for all types of construction. To combat this, install the treated 2" x 4" directly against the floor. We will talk about them in a lot more detail. You have many choices for materials, shapes, colors and patterns when designing the stairs leading to your door. Tack the skirts and screw the skirts to the top landing surface. The Surewood-LNL 41 in. Since there are no turns, it is simpler to carry heavy items up the staircase. This area can be used as a storage space as shown in the illustration below. Winder or Winding Staircases generally comprise of Single Winder Stairs, Double Winder Stairs, Arched Stairs and last but not least, Spiral Stairs. Sure, some forms of glasses can be quite brittle, but new varieties of glass have emerged that are easily capable of holding a large amount of weight. Construction of Stairs. Compared to the Straight Stairs, they take up less space and are almost as convenient to use. I am quite hopeful that this paper will fulfill all sorts of Now to find the number of treads, subtract one from the number of risers, as there’s always one fewer tread than risers. However, that is not entirely true. However, in this case, the landing changes the direction of the flight of stairs by 180 degrees. Summary of Staircase Design Principles. Yes, of course. Moreover, it can be easily shaped to your desire. So, what are the different kinds of staircases which fall under this category? 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While they are robust and durable, metal stairs do not age well if they are not properly maintained. For more how to's, visit: Does not include cost for screws and glue. Fit the stringer into place and check the tread level. All the basic details of Arched Stairs are curved. Building a staircase is no easy task. Compact Stairs are built with one thing in mind – minimizing space. Moreover, since each of these treads rise vertically, you save even more space. Stair building can be expensive; you only want to purchase the materials once, so purchase and cut wisely. This is especially useful if you are trying to move a heavy object up the stairs. The Surewood-LNL 44 in. via On the other hand, the riser is the vertical portion between two consecutive treads. When you start the project, make sure your work area is clean and well lighted. The number of steps in a flight is its length. Don’t believe us? Staircases with a straight flight – these are perhaps the most common form of staircases you will come across. x 1/2 in. While the obvious downside is the convenience and practicality, this design concept surely has a few benefits. What are the best materials for staircases? Stair Material – Wood, Glass and Acrylic, Metal and Concrete the Pros and Cons. For stairs with 4 or more risers, most codes require a handrail on at least one side. Attach the bottom riser into each stringer and check the squareness of the stair. The angle between both landings should be around 40 degrees, at a maximum. via Unlike its Half Landing counterpart, the landing changes the direction of the flight of stairs by 90 degrees. x 3-1/2 In. The first one when building new stairs is to determine where the stairs will start and where it will end. Finish the cut with a hand tool to prevent damaging the stringer. The height limit established by code is intended to provide a reasonable interval for the user so that they may rest on a level surface and to alleviate the negative effects of long uninterrupted flights. Brickwork / Masonry 1.2.1. Wood is strong and easy to work with providing an element of warmth in the home. Each of these units is made of a tread and a riser. The concrete staircase topped off with marble treads looks mesmerizing, doesn’t it? In this article, we will not only talk about the different staircase designs and the materials used to construct them, but we will also introduce you to the common terms used when talking about stairs. The Arched Staircase flows up to a balcony on the first floor. Mark on the bottom landing where the stair will actually end. For example, if you are building stairs to go up to a deck, and you measure 3 feet (0.91 m) from the ground to the top of the deck, then this is the total rise. When it comes to the construction, these types of staircases follow a simple rule – the number of treads must be less than 16 in a single straight flight of stairs. Mark the bottom of the stringer to remove the tread thickness. Instead, all the treads are wedge-shaped. Also, cut one piece of treated 2" x 4" lumber to 3' long. There are, of course, many different kinds of staircases, differing by their materials, construction methods, general shape, design, and features. It seems as if the treads have nothing below them. In case of the Single Winder Stairs, you have wedge-shaped treads, while the Quarter Landing Stairs has a landing. If you want to compare this to one of the Straight Staircases, then the Half Landing Stairs and Double Quarter Landing Stairs would be closest to its design, especially if you observe the top-down views. The code requires that stairways be built of materials that are consistent with the types of materials permitted for the type of construction of the building it serves. This calculator will calculate the material needed for a set of stairs with closed risers and the cost of the wood part for these stairs. Lushome shares a collection of modern staircase design ideas which are inspiring and attractive. via Type of Stair: The type of stair depends on the type of building, availability of space and the purpose of stair. It is the part of the tread (if present) that protrudes over the riser beneath it. In this category, you will find the Standard Straight Stairs, Half Landing Stairs and, Quarter Landing Stairs. And that should ideally be equal to the step length and the depth of a single tread. So, which of these materials will be perfect for your staircase? Even if your plan does not require a landing, you should include one. Working in comfortable surroundings makes a difficult task a little easier. Among all the different staircase designs, Spiral Stairs are surely the most photogenic. Top Down View Of A Surreal Spiral Staircase The Tread is the part you step on. Top-Down View Of A Double Winder Staircase Although these stairs save a lot of space, they sacrifice convenience and practicality. If you want it more akin to a Half Landing Staircase, you simply need to add another quarter landing. Your email address will not be published. Total Rise [A] - The total rise of a set of stairs is the vertical distance between the bottom of the first … Whether you are an expert builder, aspiring architect or someone looking to remodel your home, we hope that this article has helped you in one way or another. We have already mentioned that a single flight of stairs cannot exceed 16 treads. From timber clad in Blackbutt shiplap lining to the sheen of stainless steel, appropriate material selection defines mood and tone. How, you ask? Material : ProWood Treated Fasten Unit : Mounting Screw Included Color : Natural Type : Contemporary Actual Dimensions : 3-1/2 In. However, none of the treads taper as much as the ones found at the junction of a Single or Double Winder Stairs. In other words, it is quite easy to make a complicated arched or spiral staircase using concrete. BMC sells building materials and construction solutions to professional builders, contractors & remodelers, including: lumber, trusses, doors, millwork, windows and more. So it is also called as L-stair. In modern dwellings however it is usually desirable to open up t… Single Winder Stairs are staircases where the angle between the first flight and second flight is 90 degrees. Some of these compact staircases have unique treads like the ones featured in the illustration below. It will surely make things even more practical and convenient. 41 in. Moreover, it is almost impossible to go up while carrying heavy items. via Planks / Slats 1.1.4. Moreover, they typically have a single stringer which provides support on one end of the tread. Just take a look at the illustration below. It looks absolutely stunning, doesn’t it? Multiply the number of treads by 10.25 inches wide, or the same as two 2x6s. x 1-1/4 in. Thankfully, metal stair components can be readily purchased for a low price. Well, the wedge-shaped treads are smaller compared to a standard landing. Rise/Riser: The rise, or height of a step is measured from the top of one tread to the top of the next … While metal offers quite a bit of flexibility when it comes to the design, the cost can easily shoot up depending on the complexity. via Well, having the wedge-shaped treads earlier make it visible and thus make it more convenient to walk up, especially if you are moving a heavy object. You must already be familiar with this type of stairs. Recheck all the measurements and if possible draw a simple sketch to be sure that you have the right number of treads and risers. The stairs take a 90-degree turn in a Single Winder Staircase. Materials / Construction Systems 1.1. These staircases are extremely popular in modern, minimalistic homes. Building a Staircase There are various pieces that go into creating the perfect staircase, ... the main pillar at the front of the staircase also essential to the support of a flight of stairs. Although wood is not a popular choice of material in tall buildings, it is still one of the most traditional and affordable staircase materials in private homes. Instead of a landing, which breaks the flow in the case of straight stairs, Winding Staircases have wedge-shaped treads. Double Winder Stairs can be divided into two categories –  one with a smoother passage of winder treads from turn to turn and another with a more abrupt passage. When there is no other flight of stairs below, the triangular space underneath is known as the spandrel. Slabs / Plates / Sheets 1.3.2. Measure the horizontal projected distance from the top landing to the bottom landing to be sure you are correct. This paper is prepared keeping in mind the requirements of a B-Tech level and Diploma level student. What is more, the construction of these stairs is not only economic but also time-saving. We believe that after going through this article, you will have enough knowledge to decide which staircase suits your home the best. Stairs are constructed with any of the following materials. Fir Square Baluster is primed and ready to finish with paint or stains. Sure, carrying heavy objects up the staircase will be quite tricky. Concrete staircases can be installed quickly and are durable enough to last a lifetime. If you have a middle stringer, reinforce it with additional 2x4 nailed to both sides of it. Since a picture is worth a thousand words; we will not give you boring definitions about Tread Depth and Riser Height. A Luxurious Arched Wooden Staircase In some cases, there may be more than one stringer board present, but the number of stringers is always less compared to a standard staircase of the same width. Hence, there is no need to construct a landing of any sort in this case. A Unique Storage Solution For The Spandrel In fact, many staircases do not have even have this part. A Luxurious Concrete Staircase With White Marble Treads Winder Stairs, as its name suggests, have a winding design. Bob Vila and carpenter Bob Ryley demonstrate how to build a staircase. A continuous series of steps which are not interrupted by a landing or a platform is known as a flight of stairs. A Simple Illustration Demonstrating The Tread Depth and Riser Height. A Staircase With A Quarter Landing In fact, it is surely the most functional and convenient to use. For starters, it looks a lot cooler, wouldn’t you agree? Building a staircase is no easy task. We will cover all the different types in the next section. Just take a look at the illustration below. Click through to view all. Just check the illustration below in case you are not familiar with Double Quarter Landing Stairs. Do nosings have any benefits? Let us now find out more about the different types of staircases with a straight flight. The result number of that division is the number of required risers. Stairs cannot be continuous without have a landing or floor level that breaks up the flight of stairs. Now, Quarter Landing Stairs do not have to be limited to a 90-degree shift. Let us begin, then, shall we? When it comes to practicality and versatility, concrete reigns supreme. Some floating staircases entirely omit the handrails for an even more dramatic effect. Take the stringer or the 2x12 and put them on top of a sawhorse to layout the place where the riser and treads will be. Metal is a more expensive construction material. Staircase Materials Most staircases are constructed of wood. It takes time, knowledge and skills to build a perfect staircase. A Contemporary Spiral Metal Staircase Finally, we have Quarter Landing Stairs. In fact, they are more practical compared to a standard straight staircase without an intermediate landing. via And in this case, the depth of the landing must be longer than the whole tread width of a single flight of stairs. Of the two, the staircase with the smoother passage is surely the more convenient to use. Needless to say, these types of staircases are really complicated to build and can only be done by experts. Now, do not be fooled by the affordability aspect of wood. A single day of use can ruin the appearance, and thus, it must constantly be cleaned to keep it in tip-top condition. But if the vertical climb is not much, it makes perfect sense. A Modern Glass Staircase With Stainless Steel Railings From stair treads, stair railing and a complete From stair treads, stair railing and a complete selection of Stair Parts, Surewood-LNL has what you need to make your stairs beautiful. When compared to the Winder Stairs featured earlier, these do not have any straight treads. A Staircase With A Half Landing Moreover, they are more compact than the former. Spiral staircases cannot be ascended or descended as quickly as a traditional staircase due to the corkscrew design. So, read along to find out everything you need to know about the different designs. Mark the left and right position of the skirts and mark horizontal lines to mark the top treads location. Number each of the steps starting from the lowest 2. via While Quarter Landings and Half Landings are where the staircase changes direction, another benefit is offering a place to rest. While some of these materials lean towards practicality and durability, others are more aesthetically pleasing. Source Unknown. Black Iron Baluster is made for interior stair construction and features a … It is limited to a maximum of 16 in a single flight. Use a vertical 2 x 4 pressure-treated board with routed edges or an exterior-grade metal rail. When it comes to materials for the stairs, it goes without saying that stairs can be made of different materials depending on your taste and requirements. via Although we use staircases every day, we know little to nothing about them. View all » 1.3. A Simple Straight Staircase The following tools are the ones that you will probably need when building a new staircase in your construction project. A Straight Staircase With An Intermediate Landing Unlike Arched Staircases, which are usually found in high-end homes, Spiral Staircases can be both simple and luxurious. Note: These stairs will rest on a bare concrete floor -- but untreated lumber will absorb moisture and rot from bare concrete. If you have any suggestions, do let us know in the comment section below. Needless to say, Winder Staircases do not need a landing. Additionally, the space-saving structure often doesn’t pair well with larger spaces or more traditional décor.