In: Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Red, 4 petals, clustered into corymbiform inflorescences, scentless but source of nectar for insects. I. coccinea thrives in full sun in moist but well-drained acid soil but can tolerate light to moderate shade (Gilman, 1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador. Florida landscape plants, native and exotic, Gainesville, Florida, USA: The University Presses of Florida.420 pp. There is no evidence to suggest or imply that I. coccinea is an invasive species. I. coccinea has been intentionally introduced primarily for ornamental and medicinal uses. Abstract. It is also grown in containers, looking very distinguished as a patio or poolside plant. by De Padua, LS, Bunyapraphatsara, N, Lemmens, RHMJ]. Liogier HA, 1997. Inflorescence Type/ Size- ... Dear all.. attached is the photograph of *Ixora coccinea* (both ripen > and immature)..recorded from Kumta of Karnataka. Gann GD, Trejo-Torres JC, Stocking CG, 2019. Plant Disease, 94(2), 278. doi: 10.1094/PDIS-94-2-0278C. Encyclopedia of Life, 2017. Online Database. This tight, compact shrub is much branched and tolerates hard pruning, making it ideal for formal hedges (Floridata, 2017). In: IPPC Official Pest Report, Rome, Italy: FAO. - Hardy only in zones 10 and 11 where it is used as a hedge, specimen, or container plant. Although light frosts may kill the plant above ground, new growth will occur in spring (Floridata, 2017). Closeup of Ixora coccinea flowers in monochrome. PIER, 2017. Inflorescence . Branched tap root system. Freely produced throughout the year. It has become one of the most popular flowering shrubs in South Florida gardens and landscapes. Ixora L. In: Proseabase, [ed. Nutritional composition of some lesser-known fruits used by the ethnic communities and local folks of Kerala. It bears flowers which are numerous having bright scarlet colour in dense, senssile corymbiform cymes. Inhibition of phagocytic and intracellular killing activity of human neutrophils by aqueous and methanolic leaf extracts of Ixora coccinea., EPPO, 2020. Ixora Coccinea (scientific name: Ixora coccinea) is a tropical evergreen shrub of Santonca genus of the Rubiaceae family in Indian origin. There are a number of differences, the most important of which are the substantially larger inflorescence and the white flower color with pink margins. Widely cultivated in New World tropical countries and lower 48 United States, Highly adaptable to different environments, Highly likely to be transported internationally accidentally. Encyclopedia of Life. FPS 291. CABI Distribution Database: Status as determined by CABI editor. is a year-round flowering plant that shouldn’t be put into the old-fashioned category. The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. Inflorescence terminal dense corymbiform cymes, peduncle very short or absent; bracts c. 8 mm long. Propagation: Asexual reproduction by leaf cuttings. Alves and Barreto (2010) observed Pseudocercospora ixoricola to be a pathogen of I. coccinea in South America. Members of this genus are of particular interest because of their ornamental value as garden plants and as a source of metabolites for the pharmaceutical industry (Inouye et al., 1988). Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page. Ixora colei Gentil. Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Reduced light in winter indoors contributes to leaf drop and much reduced flowering. Online Database. DOMAP, 2016. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2017. Cytologia, 52, 343-356. Beautiful Ixora Coccinea flower images. Stamens attached at corolla throat, anthers 0.3-0.35 cm. Apparently I. coccinea does not reproduce naturally outside its native range. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Botanische Studien, 1, 1-338. Ixora speciosa Willd. It likes high humidity and a moist, friable, well-drained soil that is high in organics. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Inflorescences are long-stalked with clusters of fragrant cup-like white flowers of 1–1.5 cm in diameter. Ixora coccinea (Red) and I. coccinea (yellow) ... (the white spot in the middle of the inflorescence) of the butterfly. Ixora pallida Reinw. Dontha S, Kamurthy H, Mantripragada B, 2015. alliaceae was higher than that of Ixora coccinea [14] and Sida acuta [15]. Ixora flammea Salisb. Database of medicinal and aromatic plants in Rajasthan. da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro: Ixoroideae, Gardenieae). Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA (Plant Resources of South-East Asia) Foundation. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. When cut or burned I. coccinea coppices and prostate plants produce vertical shoots. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Smithsonian Museum of Natural History (2017),,, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, Sources differ as to whether the species is native or introduced, Grand Cayman. Aerial, erect, branched, cylindrical and woody. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 96, 68-78. Phytochemical and pharmacological profile of Ixora: a review. Volume 1, (Gen Tech Rep IITF-GTR-26) [ed. It is a member of Santanka, and it scatters the floret where … Cordillera Septentrional, Sosúa, coastal forest, National District, Santo Domingo City, Basse Terre, Vernon, gardens in Martinique and Guadeloupe, Département de la Grand'Anse; west of Jeremie; Département de l'Ouest; vicinity of Port au Prince, Grown in many gardens. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. K Fern. Terminal or axillary dense corymbose cyme. Bali, Indonesia. Further, mango trees are also host of this butterfly. Plant-pollinator interactions in tropical monsoon forests in Southeast Asia. Rachitha Wickramasinghe, Kumara, R. R., Silva, E. D. de, Ratnasooriya, W. D., Handunnetti, S., 2014. Where not hardy, it makes a wonderful flowering plant when grown in containers and can be protected during winter. The chromosome number reported for I. coccinea is 2n = 22 (Selvaraj, 1987). Useful tropical plants database. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. It consists of tropical evergreen trees and shrubs and holds around 562 species. Cultivation: Hybrid relatively slower-growing than other types of Ixora. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Fruit a berry with thin flesh, reddish black. Blooming yellow Ixora flowers. Bracteate, pedicellate, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, tetramerous, epigynous, large, showy, corolla tube very long. Family Rubiaceae, Subclass Asteridae. The inflorescence has quite a long peduncle, and the small tubular flowers have 4 obovate lobes arranged … In: Useful tropical plants database. Watkins JV, Sheeham TJ, 1975. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Flowers sessile, bright scarlet hypanthium 1-1.5 mm long, glabrescent, teeth, c. 0.5 mm long, corolla-tube, 2.5-4.0 cm long, 1.5 mm wide, glabrous, lobes 8-10 x 4-5 mm, twisted in bud, throat glabrous. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Ixora L. In: Proseabase. The species name coccinea is a latin derivative which means scarlet coloured. Wallingford, UK: CABI, Encyclopedia of Life, 2017. by Quattrocchi, U.]. If temperatures dip below 4°C, leaves and small twigs will be damaged. Botanical description of Ixora coccinea . Species epithet 'congesta' means 'crowded' or 'congested', a reference to the dense inflorescence clusters. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. An evergreen shrub. The genus name is thought to be derived from the Sanskrit "Iswari", the name of the Hindu goddess Parvati, to whom the flowers are offered in Indian temples; the specific epithet coccinea is Latin for scarlet or bright red, in reference to the flower colour (Quattrocchi, 2012). Merely a form with relatively unattractive flowers which are yellowish at first and then change to pale pinkish white. ex Sm. American Journal of Botany, 95(11), 1375-1394. doi: 10.3732/ajb.0800114. View flowers.docx from SCIENCE 123 at Centro Escolar University. Quattrocchi, U., 2012. (Rubiaceae Juss. Seeds germinate between 32 and 70 days following sowing (Francis, 2004). St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. The C. Starr Virtual Herbarium. It is the national flower of Suriname. A large number of cruciform florets gathered in the scattering inflorescence bloom in a hemispherical shape. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). > > … New York Botanical Garden, 2017. The Rubiaceae family is one of the largest families of flowering plants, with over 13,000 species distributed worldwide (Davis et al., 2009).Ixora is the third largest genus in the family with about 500 species distributed in tropical and subtropical regions (Mouly et al., 2009). Dense, multi-branched evergreen shrub, commonly 1.2-2 m in height, but capable of reaching up to 3.6 m. Leaves simple, opposite, ± sessile to short-petiolate; blades elliptic, oblong, or obovate, usually leathery, base cordate to round (rarely wedge-shaped), apex rounded, mucronate, or shortly tapering, up to 10 cm long and 5 cm wide; stipules basally sheathing, lobes triangular and strongly awn-tipped. I. coccinea prefers a rich acidic soil (pH 5.0-5.5) that is well watered yet has good drainage. 9: 185. (Blütenbiologische Typen als Elemente der Sippengliederung : dargestellt anhand der Flora Südafrikas). In: Encyclopedia of Life. I. coccinea grows well in all textured soils if moisture is adequate and drainage is good. Corolla made up of 4 petals, gamopetalous, twisted, long, slender, corolla tube with abruptly expanded corolla limbs, coloured. In Florida, nematodes, root rot, leaf spots, bagworms (Pteroma plagiophleps), aphids and scale insects have been reported on I. coccinea (Gilman, 1999). Karyomorphological studies in South Indian Rubiaceae. Little is known about environmental conditions in its native range, but in Puerto Rico I. coccinea grows in areas that receive around 1800 mm of annual precipitation. Ovary 0.1-0.2 cm across; style 3-3.5 cm, exserted. Gynoecium composed of bicarpellary, syncarpous, bilocular, two ovules in each locule, axile placentation, style long and passes through the long corolla tube, stigma bilobed and simple. India Biodiversity Portal, 2017. In general I. coccinea is found in cultivated land, plains, scrubland, woodland and gardens (Encyclopedia of Life, 2017). London, UK: CRC Press Inc.3960 pp. Nora Grant. The EPPO Global Database lists the following as pests of I. coccinea: Cephonodes hylas, Ceroplastes stellifer and Maconellicoccus hirsutus (EPPO, 2020). EPPO Global Database. Meise, Belgium: National Botanic Garden of Belgium.218 pp. Gainesville, Florida, USA: Environmental Horticulture Department, UF/IFAS Extension. Davis AP, Govaerts R, Bridson DM, Ruhsam M, Moat J, 2009. (2019) describes the species as non-native in Puerto Rico and cultivated only; however, Liogier (1997) describes it as having naturalized and grown as an ornamental. The old South Florida favorite ixora (Ixora spp.) The flowers are also used as a cholagogue and stimulant of digestive enzyme secretion. [Ixora coccinea] Var. Root . The wide range of varieties available for both species makes it difficult to distinguish between them on the basis of petal shape or floral colour. Simple, opposite decussate, oblong, stipulate with interpetiolar stipules and unicostate reticulate venation. Annals of Missouri Botanic Garden, 96, 146-160. In: Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). However, the shape of the base of the leaf is constant and can be used to distinguish both species (Dontha et al., 2015). Ixora coccinea is native to the Indian subcontinent including Sri Lanka (USDA-ARS, 2017) and tropical Southeast Asia (Floridata, 2017). Though native to the tropical and subtropical areas throughout the world, its centre of diversity is in Tropical Asia. The Ixora coccinea is one of the most popular flowering trees in the tropical and subtropical regions; it has been declared, for instance, national flower of Suriname (Dutch Guyana), where it’s called “fajalobi”, due to its ample presence. In: Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: HEAR, University of Hawaii. Ixora kroneana (Miq.) Ixora coccinea red inflorescence. Habit . 2006) reported that I. coccinea is locally adventive in some parts of Australia, which may be a possibility in China. Duara P, 2014., Hyde M A, Wursten B T, Ballings P, Coates Palgrave M, 2017. Triangular, persistent; corolla tube usually around 3.8 cm, lobes lanceolate to ovate, acute or sometimes obtuse, less than 2.5 to 3.1 cm long. Yellow Ixora known as jungle geranium, flame of the woods, and jungle flame - native to Southern India and Sri Lanka.