Over Pruning. By pinching out the tip, most bougainvillea cultivars will send out new stems from 2 to 3 leaf-buds below the cut, giving you a fuller plant with more buds. To prevent this, place wooden slats or four bricks (in a T-design) under the pot. In fact plants acidic fertilizer is also important as that of organic fertilizers for plants (azaleas,roses,rhododendrons, blueberry, hibiscus and other acid-loving plants) needs acidic fertilizers.For instance,eggshells are almost 100% calcium carbonate, one of the main ingredients in agricultural lime; vinegar has acetic acid; & coffee … If possible, keep your bougainvillea outdoors, and keep in mind that southern exposure is ideal. If the plant receives enough sunlight, the plant will form buds during this time. The length of time they will display color is dependent upon the health of the plant and the environment they are in; the more sun and heat, the better. Twenty years after Commerçon’s discovery, it was first published as ‘Buginvillea’ in Genera Plantarium by A.L. As quickly as one day or up to one week after the frost, it is normal for all the bougainvillea leaves and bracts to drop. The bracts are crinkled, fairly large, egg-shaped, and possess colors in the rose, rusty-red, and purple. The bougainvillea plant grows best in fertile, loamy soil but can tolerate any type of garden soil, provided it's well-drained. Weight: Will it be too heavy to move? Bougainvillea likes to be watered well & have it drain out. Being the hardy plants they are, bougainvillea don’t need much water. Again, your bougainvillea thrives on neglect, including being allowed to become root bound. Pinching is usually performed by hand. There are several errors that growers tend to make that interfere with bougainvillea flower formation, including: Overwatering. The small cream flowers are relatively big and tube-shaped. It would take many years for a magnolia tree to outgrow even … Then I … Chlorosis can be a problem in alkaline soil. When you find your bougainvillea has lots of gorgeous green growth and no blooms, it’s probably because of an excessive amount of nitrogen fertilizer. Native to the coasts of Brazil, bougainvillea has a high salt tolerance, which makes it a natural choice for south Florida and other coastal regions. Just remember that the container MUST have proper drainage. It is a woody climber with curved thorns that sprawls and needs to be tied or have a structure such as a fence, wall, or pergola for support. Reviewed March 2000. So it is important when growing a bougainvillea, not to wait for the branches to grow very far beyond your desired size before you remove all the tips – either with shears or hand-pinching — otherwise, the growth will be bare in the center of the plant, and the overall look will be misshapen. Bougainvillea spectabilis is a large climber with distinctive curved thorns, and hair on stems and leaves. Bougainvillea (Bougainvillea spp.) Note: Bougainvillea plants will grow new shoots and get larger with good water and fertilizer, while restricting water and fertilizer will have a tendency … Soon thereafter, an important event in the history of bougainvillea took place with the discovery of a crimson bougainvillea in Cartagena, a Spanish port in the Mediterranean, by Mrs. R.V. The small roundish bracts, usually in light to dark magenta colors, are quite delicate to the touch, and are crinkly in appearance. Used coffee grounds come in with a pH of 6.5 to 6.8. [4] Braswell, Gordon. These types of media retain too much water and will contribute to root rot; be sure to select a well-draining media. Several years later, you can then move up to a 14″ pot. When BGI was on a bougainvillea exploration trip through Southeast Asia, we saw beautiful bougainvillea growing out from old laundry baskets and tires! However, be careful not to use peat or peatlite mixes alone. Photo: Simon Griffiths / bauersyndication.com.au For instant impact, many cultivars can be bought as trained standards, such as the weeping form of 'Krishna'. Shrubby forms and heavily pruned plants make good self-supporting container plants for terrace or patio. Bougainvillea thrives in lean, low-nutrient soils. Acid-loving plants such as heather should have a home in any garden that has acidic soil. Thorns are short, thin, and curved at the tips. Overwatering = no color (not to mention rot!). If we don't drink all the coffee made in the mornings, I dilute it with plain water for my acid-loving plants, and pour it … Flowers are cream in color, slender, with very hairy tubes. Generally, bougainvillea can be grown in anything that will hold soil and allow proper drainage. “Why doesn’t my bougainvillea bloom?” It’s a common question that growers everywhere ask about the gorgeous plants they brought home from the nursery, when they find the blooms stop coming shortly after the plant landed in its new spot in the garden. Magnolia. Prune: To cut or lop superfluous or undesired twigs, branches, or roots from. With proper […] The also tend to flower virtually continuously, and often down the entire length of the branch. They need it as they are very vigorous growers. Leaves are large, ovate to rounded, leathery in texture and hairy underneath. Choosing acid loving plants is the way to go if you have acidic soil. Make sure to dig as far away from the root system as you possibly can. This could be anywhere from several inches to several feet depending on the size of your bougainvillea. Choosing Acid Loving Plants Trees and Shrubs. It can be coaxed into a small manageable pot plant or a sizeable tree, to spread itself vertically on a wall, or climb up a trellis and form a luscious crown or burst forth into graceful arches. “Warm Climate Production Guidelines for Bougainvillea”. Nitrogen and phosphate are critical to flowering, but do not over-fertilize with these two elements because it will add growth and inhibit blooming. With Bougain’s 6-8-10 plus Minors formula, Nitrogen levels are just right for flowering, but low enough to limit excessive green growth. Insulation: Avoid using black containers in full sun. Bougainvillea's vibrant colors come not from its small, inconspicuous true flowers, but from the three large bracts that surround them. Leaves are thin and ovate to broadly ovate. With at least 5 hours of direct sunlight per day, a typical, healthy bougainvillea will remain in a blooming period for 3 to 5 weeks. Brilliant Purple Bougainvillea New River Bougainvillea vine erupts in a riot of purple color with its stand-up-and-take-notice flair. Like other plants, too much nitrogen encourages bougainvillea to add lots of vegetative parts like leaves and stems at the expense of buds. However, trimming or pinching is recommended after the end of each blooming cycle or at the beginning of the rest period to promote branching and budding for the next bloom cycle. Some growers choose to plant their bougainvilleas in pots buried in the ground, which works to marry the concept of root binding with landscape integration. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Bougainvillea glabra has thinner branches that spread in many directions and have distinctive pointed triangle-shaped bracts that come in a range of whites, lilacs, mauves, and purples. The bracts are crinkled, fairly large, egg-shaped, and possess colors in the rose, rusty-red, and purple. If you want one long stem, then don’t pinch out the tip. It’s important not to sever the roots; take care to dig up the entire root ball and especially in one piece. So, in the end, it’s your cup of coffee, not your used grounds that end up being acidic. Use lights and covers only at the coldest and windiest times of day/night. If we don't drink all the coffee made in the mornings, I dilute it with plain water for my acid-loving plants, and pour it around them. Bougainvillea may be pruned, trimmed, and pinched at any time of the year. Trim: To put into a neat or orderly condition by clipping, paring, pruning, etc. For example, it is not unusual to grow a bougainvillea in a 1 gallon pot for three or more years. Soil-less media are free of any disease pathogens, insect pests, and weed seeds. As a woody clambering vine, bougainvillea will stand alone and can be pruned into a standard, but it is perfect along fence lines, on walls, in containers and hanging baskets, and as a hedge or an accent plant. They need to be neglected to within an inch of their lives. 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For both options, after you bring it back outdoors in the Spring, prune back any dead or damaged stems, and begin watering and fertilizing again. The air will naturally prune the roots that are exposed. So, be patient and give the roots time to settle in and get established. Originally, B. spectabilis and B. glabra were hardly differentiated until the mid 1980s when botanists recognized them to be totally distinct species. October 1, 2002. If grown indoors, in shade or partial shade, you will have nice vegetative growth, but little or no bloom. Cover bougainvillea and the surround soil around the plant with thermal covers made for plants – aka. ... also require acidic soil. This is usually the case if bougainvillea are grown as houseplants or brought indoors to winter-over. Large enough: The container must be large enough to hold the minimum amount of soil required for mature plants to grow in. Bougainvillea is best suited to a hot, dry climate and should be watered deeply but allowed to dry out between waterings. Premixed growing media are available from garden centers. Without support and with occasional corrective pruning, bougainvillea becomes a broad, sprawling shrub; a bank or ground cover; or an attractive choice for hanging baskets. 2 words – water deeply. Bougainvillea spectabilis is a large climber with distinctive curved thorns, and hair on stems and leaves. My Bougainvillea glabra didn’t get any water for 9 months last year & it’s lookin’ great. Bougainvillea vines are rapid growers and climbers, and prolific bloomers, but watch out, because they will grow into the soffit and gutters of your home. Although most ornamental plants tolerate a range of soil pH values, and many actually prefer a slightly acid soil, most of the trees and shrubs listed below are true lime haters and will not thrive in any but acidic … Bloom initiation does not depend upon trimming – a bougainvillea has a bloom cycle followed by a rest period whether trimmed or not. Natural hybrids were soon found to be common occurrences all over the world. Like cactus, your bougainvillea is actually native to very arid conditions so water it only when the top two inches (5 cm.) That’s pretty basic. When it is necessary to re-pot remember that a bougainvillea has a very delicate root system and a fragile root to stem connection. of the soil feel dry to the touch. Originally described and named by Choisy (1849). [1], Along with palms, sunshine, and beaches, the cascading blooms of bougainvillea provide one of Florida’s signature tropical images. As a profuse bloomer, bougainvillea is most striking during the winter, when it is at its peak and few other plants are able to provide color. Originally thought to be a distinct species, it was named B. buttiana in her honour. Plants, after all, need careful, dedicated care, so no flowers on bougainvillea must mean that they’re not getting enough food, water or light. Salt Tolerance of Vines. 75 Acid Loving Plants. After established, they’re drought tolerant. Do not use lights without a cover! Like the ever popular Poinsettia it is actually the long lasting papery bracts of the Bougainvillea that provide the majority of the color that we enjoy. (Heh, pH humor.) Bougainvillea plants are very popular in homes and gardens. The vine also prefers slightly acid … de Jusseau in 1789. How Bougainvillea Spectabilis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Thorns (spines) are thin, straight in youth and curved when older. Avoid soil mixes with high peat levels and water retention. Don’t be. A bougainvillea not blooming is a problem that’s easy to overcome, provided you think differently about your plants. “Gordon Braswell’s Bougainvillea Information”. [2]. Bougainvillea plants, native to Brazil, have become popular in the U.S. as warm-season annuals in USDA hardiness zones 9 and up. A bougainvillea, like most vining-type plants, will continue to grow outward without sending out side branches from each leaf-bud point unless the stem is trimmed or pinched. ... Mildly Alkaline - pH 7.4-8.4; Alkaline or Strongly Alkaline pH higher than 8.4. Any remaining foliage on the plant may have brown or black edges to them, giving them a burnt appearance. Re-pot into larger pot sizes gradually. Under these conditions they go into a dormancy state and defoliate. The beautiful thorny, woody vine is an evergreen: providing green foliage year round and stunning blooms of color in the spring and fall. They are also generally lightweight and porous, allowing for a well-drained yet moisture-retentive mix. very old magnolia tree in flower. Both options give you about the same level of success rate – moderate to high. Bougainvillea are heavy feeders that require regular monthly fertilization during blooming season. Or so I thought! Too much fertilizer spells vigorous growth, plentiful leaves and few blooms. Before using your mix to re-pot plants, be sure it is damp. A trick for applying heat is to drape lit, outdoor holiday lights prior to covering with thermal covers. Some varieties do not send out any new stems, so their appearance is always stringy or bare. For bougainvillea in pots, they can be wintered over in basements, garages, or other cool and lower light areas. If your landscape design preferences lean toward the dramatic, New River Bougainvillea … These plants grow poorly and many have yellow leaves in areas where soils are alkaline. Since new shoots are only a few inches in length (that goes for all sizes of bougainvillea), pinching the tip requires removing just an inch or less. So depending on which continent or region you reside, it may not be the ideal blooming season for your area. If the plant is left exposed to the wind, the heat from the light will dry out the plant even further. It can also be done simultaneously while trimming – for any act of removing the tip of new shoots is called pinching, whether by hand or cutting tool. A blooming period of several weeks when little or no vegetative growth occurs. Culture. I know many of you are curious about bougainvilleas in containers and I’ve seen many of them growing this way over the years. ... it … Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Bougainvillea Spectabilis. For professional landscapers trimming miles of bougainvillea, gas-powered hedge shears are very efficient, and get the job done nicely. In Zone 8 and cooler, you are almost limited to growing them in some kind of container unless you treat them as an annual (plant a new plant outdoors each year). Bougainvillea is a tropical vining shrub that comes in a wide array of bright and fanciful colors. A light frost will not kill a mature bougainvillea, but may for a young planting. University of Florida/ IFAS Extension. Branching is close and short, giving rise to a very dense plant. That being said, they need to be cared for like weeds if you’re to find success with them. The Oregon State University Extension tells us that the acid in coffee beans is water-soluble. Names of Bougainvillea Spectabilis in various languages of the world are also given. The more mature and healthy the plant…the better chances of survival during Winter months. Gradually increase light levels by placing in partial shade for the first few days and working up to direct sunlight by the second week. Bougainvillea plants are very easy to grow and will tolerate all types of soil and watering, although the plants enjoys slightly acid soil (5.5-6.5pH) and a dry/wet type of watering. It’s very important to remember that a bougainvillea does not tolerate standing in water. In addition, Bougain® contains 5% Iron — the secret for vibrant, beautiful color on bougainvillea. a [boo-guhn-vil-yuh; -vil-ee-uh; boh-], The Bougainvillea is an immensely showy, floriferous and hardy plant. plastic sheeting, frost cloths. If you do not want to trim your bougainvillea and only want to pinch it, it will have to be done with a pair of compact hand shears or by hand. Pinch: To remove or shorten (buds or shoots) in order to produce a certain shape of the plant, improve the quality of the bloom or fruit, or increase the development of buds. Flowers are cream in color, slender, with very hairy tubes. Heather taking over a pathway. For those of us lucky enough to call South Florida home, you already know that the coolest months of the year (October through March) have the most spectacular show of bougainvillea. When BGI writes about pruning a bougainvillea, we mean the act of removing entire branches or major structural parts of the plant. The Achilles heel of bougainvillea has always been their delicate and thin root system. A native to coastal Brazil, the bougainvillea was discovered in 1768 in Rio de Janeiro by French naturalist Dr. Philibert Commerçon (also sometimes spelled Commerson). This is why landscape bougainvilleas often don’t bloom as rigorously or as frequently as those planted in pots. Here's a pic. The damage from this dehydration will be less severe if the plant is not already drought-stressed. I’ve done multiple posts and videos on all aspects of growing it. In early 19th century, these two species were the first to be introduced into Europe, and soon, nurseries in France and England did a thriving trade providing specimens to Australia and other faraway countries. Frost injury occurs when ice crystals form on the leaf surface drawing moisture from the leaf tissue. The "flowers" are actually modified leaves, called bracts, that are long-lasting and bright. Bougainvillea require winter protection when temperatures fall below freezing (32F), and in some cases below 40F if there is accompanying wind. Once established, they are drought resistant. The greatest problem with peat/peatlite mixes is when the soil dries completely, the root ball will pull away from the side of the pot, and it is almost impossible to completely wet the soil again — the water simply runs down the side of the container and drains out the bottom. This should also help with drainage and keeping drainage holes clear of debris. Although it is frost-sensitive and hardy in zones 9b and 10, bougainvillea can be used as a houseplant or hanging basket in cooler climates. Confused yet? Shouldn’t it? Acid Lovers Low pH 4.0-6.5 Alyssum Azalea Birch Blackberry Blueberry Bougainvillea Camellia Citrus Clivia 5-6 Cranberry 3.5 Crocus Daphne Delphinium Fern Fir Fuchsia Grape 5.5 - 6.5 Heather Holly Hydrangea Japanese Maple Juniper Kiwi 5.0 - 6.5 Laurel Lemon Tree 5.5 - 6.5 Lily Ivy Madrone Magnolia Oak Orchid … Butt. Other flowering plants certainly pale in comparison. self. If your plant dries out and you use this type of mix, to re-wet it, let the pot sit in a pail of water until the soil ball is completely wet. In this case, the plant will re-grow, but only if not subjected to further frosts for longer durations. Hand-held hedge shears are recommended for a clean edge and for precise trimming. It’s recommended that you only trim right after a bloom if you trim at all. The first species collected, it was described from dried specimens by Willdenow (1798). You will have to water them more frequently – about as often as a houseplant – and they probably will not have any color. Whatever container you choose, consider these tips: A bougainvillea blooms best when pot-bound so do not be tempted to re-pot unless you must. This is the case when using generalized fertilizers like a 20-20-20 or 12-12-12. Root pruning is not recommended when re-potting bougainvillea – in fact, disturb the roots as little as possible because the plant might go into shock and take weeks to recover. However, it was later discovered to be a natural hybrid of a variety of B. glabra and possibly B. peruviana – a “local pink bougainvillea” from Peru. The plant is named after his close friend and ship’s admiral Louis-Antoine de Bougainville, who commanded the ship La Boudeuse that sailed around the world between 1766-1769, and in which Commerçon was a passenger. Overfeeding. Handle bougainvillea with care. You have two options when deciding what to do with your tropical bougainvillea in times of frost or freeze. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Bougainvillea is quite a popular topic on this blog. When BGI writes about pinching, we mean removing just the very tip of new shoots. List of various diseases cured by Bougainvillea Spectabilis. self. The problem with bougainvillea is that they’re tough plants, hardy to the point of almost being weeds. Pruning is performed with pruning shears. Flowering is recurrent after strong vegetative growth in response to dry weather. This is a climbing, spiny, spreading shrub with greenish bark. Table 5. In warmer climates, bougainvillea is a staple plant in many homes, business, and public landscapes. This plant is a true contender for the attention your garden receives, so don't be surprised when friends and neighbors slow down and stare as they pass your home. Just because it’s hot doesn’t necessarily mean that it’s flowering season for bougainvillea. It is best to leave the plant in its original container until the roots have replaced all of the soil and you can’t keep the plant well watered. When bougainvillea are planted in the landscape and cannot be moved, you can protect it by covering and applying water or heat. Bougainvillea can tolerate hot, dry locations fairly well and flowers bountifully in full sun with regular watering. [2] Schoelhorn, Richard and Alavrez, Erin. Bougainvillea thrives in full sun. Bougainvillea does best with a soil pH of 5.5-6.5. Less than 5 hours and the plant may not bloom very well. is a large, shrublike vine that grows exceptionally well in warm coastal climates. The long, hardy vines sprout bright green leaves and brilliant, bracts or flowers of orange, pink, red or purple. Flowers, vegetables, shrubs, and trees all have specific soil requirements and these 75 acid-loving plants are great choices for your gardening and landscaping needs. Some of the most common and sought-after plants actually prefer acidic soil, even though many of them may be grown in a wide range of growing conditions. If you have planted your bougainvillea in the soil outdoors and want to dig it up and move it indoors for the winter, expect the plant to go into dormancy sooner than if it had been in a container — the root damage as a result of digging will be the cause rather than the cool weather — but the plant should survive this kind of transplanting. … Use a fertilizer high in micronutrients, especially Iron, to promote spectacular blooming and healthy root development such as Bougain®.Bougain® contains 5% Iron and other micronutrients to strengthen delicate roots and intensify color of bracts … Different authors accept from four to 18 species in the genus. When BGI writes about trimming a bougainvillea, we mean removing just the ends of branches or shoots. Bougainvillea love to be pot-bound, so pot in the smallest container available for the purpose you desire. Bougainvillea (/ ˌ b uː É¡ ɪ n ˈ v ɪ l i ə / or / ˌ b oʊ É¡ ɪ n ˈ v ɪ l i ə /) is a genus of thorny ornamental vines, bushes, or trees.It is native to Eastern South America, from Brazil, west to Peru, and south to southern Argentina. For instance, around the 1930s, when the three species were grown together, many hybrid crosses were created almost spontaneously in East Africa, India, the Canary Islands, Australia, North America, and the Philippines.[1]. Pruning a bougainvillea is recommended when entire branches are deterring from the overall shape of the plant, or jeopardizing the structural integrity of the bougainvillea. As you can see, pruning your bougainvillea is also an act of trimming it. Some of the more traditionally used containers include terra cotta (clay) pots, plastic pots, hanging baskets, wire baskets lined with sphagnum moss or fibrous liners, concrete planters, planter boxes, and bushel baskets. You may see a bract or two sporadically appear, but more likely than not, it will look like a common green houseplant until spring when you can place it outdoors into high light. Repotting. It is probably true to say that without the bougainvillea, our roads, parks, and private gardens would be a lot less colorful that what we see today. You need to feed them the right amount of fertilizer periodically that is specific for acid loving plants. While most plants grow best in soils between 6 and 7.5, others are favorable to more acidic conditions. Leaves are large, ovate to rounded, leathery in texture and hairy … Trimming can be performed with hedge shears – either hand-held or electric & gas powered for very large plants. “Brighten Up With Bougainvillea” 2005. By themselves, these media tend to become compacted, too lightweight, and hard to wet. The bougainvillea’s versatility is legendary. The acid-loving plants that you can grow in acidic soil include: Even blueberries thrive in this type of soil pH. For example, move a plant in a 6″ pot into a 9″ or 10″ pot. If there is not enough sunlight, the plant will remain in vegetative cycle and not progress to the blooming period. New shoots are usually green, soft, pliable, contain tiny leaves or the beginning formation of a bud at the very tip, and ‘snaps’ off easily when pinched. Plants, after all, need careful, dedicated care, so no flowers on bougainvillea must mean that they’re not getting enough food, water or light. When we first started doing this show, we warned people to only spread coffee grounds around acid-loving plants, like azaleas, rhododendrons and blueberries, because the grounds were bound to be acidic; and not to overdo it on those and other flowering plants, as the grounds were certainly high in Nitrogen, which … That’s why we’ve created a blooming fertilizer specifically for bougainvillea called BOUGAIN®. Almost everywhere we go, its brilliant hues and cheerful bursts punctuate the lush green mantle that cloaks our tropical environment. This video demonstrates how you can force your bougainvillea plant to flower by making it starve Many cultivars, including double flowered and variegated, is available. Bougainvillea plants are numerous in warm environments, where they can be seen blanketing trees, trellises, walls and buildings and roofs. of mine blooming at Christmas, I trained this one as a tree, mine get morning sun, they need sun to bloom, I have 2 more out there under my holly tree, they rarely bloom,not enough sun, but I like the varigated leaves, and I prune often to keep a round bush shape, also I feed mine often with food for acid loving plants. Bougainvillea is easy to care for since it is virtually pest free and disease resistant. As a tropical plant, Bougainvillea requires full sun, or a light level of at least 4000 f.c. B. x spectoperuviana (spectabilis x peruviana). Turn off lights and uncover when threat of frost is over. If placed on a covered porch, screened-in patio or balcony, where the plant receives at least 5 hours of sun each day (afternoon sun is best), then you should see adequate blooms. This species was described and named by Humbold and Bonpland (1808). Regular pruning may be necessary to shape the plant or direct its growth, it tolerates trimming well. Some plants like bougainvilleas are acid loving plants and others are not. University of Florida/ IFAS Extension. Case in point, bougainvillea do not bloom well in South Florida during the summer months (June – August) because of the long days and excessive rainfall. The genus was subsequently split in several ways until it was finally corrected to ‘Bougainvillea’ in the Index Kewensis in the 1930s. Keep outdoor bougainvillea well watered in frost or freezing weather. Bougainvillea peruviana has a branching habit that is looser and more open. This is all about planting bougainvillea in pots including the … If you have acidic soil, you need plants that flourish within an acid soil environment. "Acid-loving. Occasional watering during dormancy (once or twice a month) is needed until they start to grow again in the Spring where they once again need to be moved into high light. Heaviest bloom comes during the cooler months of spring and fall, when days and nights are nearly equal in length. We call this tip-burn or frost-burn. Throughout our website and when responding to your questions in the forum, BGI uses “pruning” and “trimming” quite differently. Bougainvillea are tropical to semi-tropical flowering vines with spectacular flowerlike bracts and colourful leaves it produces all season long. A few years ago I had a company re-configure my landscaping and they included some azaleas and camellias that looked nice for a few months. Its long arching branches are thorny, and bear heart-shaped leaves and masses of papery bracts in white, pink, orange, purple, and burgundy. As beautiful as they are the in garden or landscape, getting blooms on bougainvillea can be a difficult task because of the way most gardeners think about their plants. Use broken pieces of clay pots or recycle styrofoam packing peanuts to line the bottom of the container rather than filling it fully with soil mix. In the landscape, it makes an excellent hot season plant, and its drought tolerance makes bougainvillea ideal for warm climates year-round. Bougainvillea is a sun loving plant that will provide a pretty pop of colour against a back fence or garden shed. Pruning / Trimming. This could be anywhere from an inch to several feet, depending on the size of your plant. [1] Simon, Eric. Again, being wild plants, pruning isn’t really in their plans, so if you’re trimming just to keep your plant small, you might as well replace it with a dwarf variety. You can always get free advice from your local plant nursery on the right care for your specific plants. The other option is not to force them into a dormancy state, and place them indoors on a sunny south facing windowsill. As beautiful as they are the in garden or landscape, getting blooms on bougainvillea can be a difficult task because of the way most gardeners think about their plants. Meanwhile, Kew Gardens distributed plants it had propagated to British colonies throughout the world. If you live in the northern states, it’s too cold to grow bougainvillea in the Fall unless they’re housed in warm greenhouses – in which case you can enjoy colorful, blooming bougainvillea in October if you wanted! [2] The best growing mixture is one that is soil-less. Grows best in full sun or light shade in well-drained, acid soils. Virtually pest-free and disease resistant, it rewards its owner with an abundance of color and vitality when it is well looked after. Salt Tolerance of Landscape Plants for South Florida. Bougainvillea has an extremely fine root system, and should be planted in well-drained soils. A vegetative growth period for several weeks — when new leaves and stems grow. Heavy pruning of bougainvillea will seriously reduce the amount of blooms your bougainvillea produces, so if you must trim, do so carefully. "plants prefer to live in a soil that is fairly acidic (pH of 4.5 to 6.0): ... For example, azalea, bougainvillea, croton, dogwood, gardenia, hibiscus, ixora and magnolia grow best in acid soils having a pH below 5.5. Leaves are fairly evenly elliptical, widest about the middle. Bougainvillea hybrids found today have been grouped into these three hybrid groups: The bougainvillea has two distinct growth cycles: Bougainvilleas’ natural habitat is equatorial where day and night lengths are almost equal. It makes one of the best hedges, bushes, and curb-liners. The colorful bracts outshine the plant's true (but tiny) flower, much like a poinsettia. Magnolias are trees, but they start out quite small and are slow-growing. Cold winds have “burned” the leaves that have lost too much water through transpiration. Bougainvillea are tropical and must be protected from frost. If you want blooms and your plant looks healthy, focus your efforts on supplementing phosphate and potassium, adding nitrogen only when your plant’s leaves start to look slightly less green than usual. Sign up for our newsletter. At least 5 hours a day of direct sunlight is the minimal light required for good bloom. What is the difference between trimming, pruning, and pinching a bougainvillea? Wearing gardening gloves is recommended when pinching by hand. If you place your pot directly on the ground, the roots may emerge from drainage holes and find their way into the earth. The root system needs time to grow into each new pot. Bougainvillea in these areas (Singapore, Brazil, Kenya to name a few) tend to bloom year round, but in North America, the best flowering occurs when the night length and day length are almost equal (in Spring or Fall). More than that and you’ll encourage root rot and discourage blooms. Totally dry soil mixture is difficult to handle and may damage tender roots before the plant is watered.[4]. More hours of direct sun are better. The bark is pale and corky. And as for bonsai or topiary purposes, it has few equals, lending its complex branching to the pruning shears, which promote even more unique and graceful forms.