Dioscorea batatas R. Decr. Chinese yam becomes established in moist bottomland forests, along stream banks, drainages and roadsides, along fencerows, and at old homesites. Chinese yam is the most usable variety in terms of cooking traditional yam recipes. Growing any variety of yam requires a tropical to subtropical environment. The Vines of this plant is almost 3 meters long. True yams need up to a year of frost-free climate before harvest whereas sweet potatoes are ready in 100-150 days. Chinese Yam Congee; Ingredients: 1/2 cup dried Chinese yam slices 1/2 cup jobs tears 1/2 cup lotus seeds 1/2 cup glutinous rice 1/4 cup sugar (optional) Preparation: 1. Irrigation methods in Growing Yam: Throughout the growing season, Yam plants need water regularly. Chinese yam grow and care – vine herbaceous geophyte of the genus Dioscorea also known as Nagaimo, Chinese yam perennial evergreen or annual plant, is edible and also used as ornamental or as medicinal plant, can grow in temperate, subtropical, mediterranean or desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 5+.. Leaves color green lobed heart shape leaves grow in opposite, the leaves size 5-10 cm. • CT, MA, VT. The plant is not self-fertile. I've got 7 young plants and i want them to hold them in the house in the winter because it can get pretty cold in the winter. Several species exist here, mostly in Florida and other temperate regions as wild plants. Chinese Yam (Cinnamon Vine, Air Potato) Dioscorea batatas, D. oppositifolia, D. bulbifera Description - • Chinese Yam and air potato are long-climbing vines with 2- to 3-inch … Its flesh is firm and is mild in taste. Flower color pink to white, the flowers small and grow in clusters. Plant / Vegetative Reproduction, Is it necessary to graft or use vegetative reproduction? . Also known as Dioscorea batatas, the Chinese yam is usually grown for its edible root; however, they also grow small edible bulbils that are reportedly tasty. Fill the glass or jar with cool water and position the yam in the water so that approximately one-third to one-half of the yam … In Japan, yam is dipped in batter and fried for tempura. By rooting the yam in water and then planting the shoots in growing medium, you will have a green, vining plant that will thrive either indoors or outdoors. This is the size after the plant is in the ground 15 months. Chinese Yam Background, Life History Chinese yam (Dioscorea oppositifolia, syn. Roots edible in white color and peel brown, Moist soil, humidity, mulch when it’s young, What is the best way to start growing? The hardy yam (Dioscorea batatas / Dioscorea polystachya), also called Chinese yam or cinnamon vine, is a perennial root crop superior to potatoes in many ways that can weight several kilograms.Most people think of yams as being tropical plants that can’t be grown in temperate climates, but there are a few species that will thrive in colder climates, hardy yam being one of them. Plant: This kind of yam is the swollen rhizome. Peter Janssen. The name Dioscorea oppositifolia L. has been used for this species, but that name correctly refers to a plant that is native to India and not found in New England (Raz 2002). When planting yams, whole small tubers or portions of larger tubers are used for seed pieces weighing 4-5 ounces. posted 9 years ago. Plants need plenty of water during the growing season. The foliage of the Yam … The Chinese Yam (Dioscorea batatas) is a perennial vine with fragrant, cinnamon scented flowers and tubers that over-winter to be harvested at any time. 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Make 42-inch rows with plants spaced 18 inches apart and 2-3 inches deep. Yam plants are climbing perennial vines with heart-shaped leaves that are sometimes variegated and quite striking. Growing Slips For Planting Start growing the sprouts. Sweet potatoes are often referred to as yams when, in fact, they are not. Then … Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! There are a number of varieties available for cultivation both for ornamental use and for harvest, such as Chinese yam plants, white yams, Lisbon yams, pei tsao, bak chiu, and agua yams. Plant … The following excerpt on heirloom Chinese yam was taken from chapter 40, “Chinese Yam.” To locate mail order companies that carry heirloom Chinese yams, use our Custom Seed and Plant … Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Chinese yam is a little cold-tolerant but still requires fairly warm temps. Support the vines with a trellis or similar support for the best results. These bloom anytime from spring to autumn (variety specific) with small white flowers. Yams are referred to by many other names including true yams, greater yam, and tropical yam. Chinese Yam. It is a member of the Dioscoreaceae or Yam family. The mounds of the soil should be kept moist most of the time. It can be an invasive species in some areas – please check your local conditions if this is of concern. I got some small "potatoes", planted them and no sign of them coming up. Growing Chinese yams or any of the other true yams requires tropical to subtropical temperatures. Sometimes called yams, sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas) play a duel role in gardens both as an ornamental plant and edible crop. It can grow in … Chinese yam. I say “reportedly” because I haven’t eaten any yet. The skin is typically brown with the flesh being white. Last year was their first year on my homestead so I saved the few tiny bulbils they produced to use for planting purposes. Yams aren't grown from seeds like most other … Cook, still fry, Work requirements on the fruit: Just collect those little fruits, don’t use force to collect, How long does it take to bear fruit? Here’s my video on that really cool species: Yams don’t need a care or watering to stay alive, though taking care of them will raise your yields and reduce the time needed until harvest. No, Growing is also possible in a planter /flowerpot / containers: Yes, General information about the flower Pink to white flowers, the flowers small and grow in clusters, What can be done with big quantities of Chinese yam fruits? It functions as a storage organ that holds nutrient for the plant. Planting Yams: Choose small whole tubers or portions of larger tubers to plant. climbing vine native to China that is currently widespread throughout East Asia Another yam, the cold-tolerant Chinese yam (Dioscorea opposita) can be grown for both its large underground roots and its tiny little edible bulbils. They will grow in full sun or semi-shade but need a trellis. Yams contain more sugar than sweet potatoes but they also contain a toxin called oxalate that must be thoroughly cooked before safe for ingestion. Many yams grow to giant sizes of up to 7 feet long and 150 pounds. One of the beauty's of the half hardy perennial Dioscorea is its cinnamon fragranced flowers.. So if you don't live in either of these environments or don't have a greenhouse, growing yams may not be a good idea. The tubers grow as long as three feet and may be left in the ground for several seasons without losing quality. The shiny green heart shaped leaves hang on vines that twine rapidly to 20'. Yams can be used in the same way as potatoes, but are probably best baked, the flavour is fairly bland. That was about 2 weeks ago... thanks, vicki A major difference between yams and sweet potatoes is that yams are monocots and sweet potatoes are dicots. Leaves color green lobed heart shape leaves grow in opposite, the leaves size 5-10 cm. The largest may weigh 10 pounds (4.5kg) and grow one meter underground. Hello, Does somebody know's how to grow Chinese yam? No, Difficulties or problems when growing: Aggressive, invasive, How to prune: Need to contain the area that the plant grow because it’s invasive, Growth speed in optimal condition: Fast growing, Water requirement: Average amount of water / Big amount of water, Light conditions in optimal condition for growing: Full Sun / Half Shade in desert, Is it possible to grow indoor as houseplant? The first time I tried to grow this, it was a challenge to dig down 5 feet deep. It is a perennial climbing vine, native to China and East Asia. The indirect form of irrigation is also needed for the Yam plants. Underground tubers develop, but sometimes aerial tubers develop as well in the axils of the leaves. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. Topically, Chinese yam can be … It was brought from China to North America in the 1800s for ornamental, food and medicinal uses. Additionally, yams are related to lilies and a member of the Dioscoreaceae family while sweet potatoes are a member of the morning glory family (Convolvulaceae). How to Grow Dioscorea Plants in your Garden Gardener's HQ Guide to Growing Cinnamon Vine, Yam, and Colic Root. Fruit edible color brown looks like little potato, to round shapeless. Dioscorea polystachya (cinnamon vine, Chinese yam): This white fleshed edible tuber of good flavor has a hardiness rating of Zones 5 to 10, and will remain alive in the ground overwinter, sending up handsome tall twining shoots in the spring. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). D. batatas) also is known as cinnamon vine or air potato. Sign up for our newsletter. Local Concern: Chinese yam can grow up to 16 feet in height, engulfing surrounding vegetation along the way. Having escaped cultivation by the mid 1980s, it is now found throughout the eastern It is in flower from September to October. How to Grow Yams in Containers. Soak yam slices, job's tears, lotus seeds, and rice, each separately, for four hours or overnight. This vegetable has been elaborately described below. Hill plantings spaced 3 feet apart can also be used when planting yams. Now that we have all that straightened out, what really is a yam? A row of nagaimo plant in Japan. Chinese yam grow and care – vine herbaceous geophyte of the genus Dioscorea also known as Nagaimo, Chinese yam perennial evergreen or annual plant, is edible and also used as ornamental or as medicinal plant, can grow in temperate, subtropical, mediterranean or desert climate and growing in hardiness zone 5+. Waste places, compost heaps, fields. Chinese yam growing . Half year, Information about Chinese yam tuber: Tuber size 0.3-1 m, When to pull up Chinese yam tuber: Autumn, Uses of Chinese yam tuber: Eaten raw, baked, cooked, fry, Planting Season: Autumn Planting, Spring Planting, Summer planting, Light exposure requirements: Full sun Plants, Part shade Plants, Climates that the plant can grow: Mediterranean Climate, Subtropics Climate, Temperate Climate, Tropics Climate, Growing speed of the plant: Fast growing plants, Plant life-form: Annual plant, Evergreen, Geophyte, Herbaceous, Perennial plant, Plant Uses: Edible plants, Ornamental plants, Requirements for watering the plant: Big amount of water, Regularly water, Hardiness zones: Hardiness zone 10, Hardiness zone 11, Hardiness zone 12, Hardiness zone 13, Hardiness zone 5, Hardiness zone 6, Hardiness zone 7, Hardiness zone 8, Hardiness zone 9, Ornamental parts: Ornamental leaves, Ornamental plant, Blooming season: Autumn flowers, Summer flowers, Harvest Season: Autumn Harvest, Spring Harvest, Summer Harvest. Posts: 43. Guinea Yams Picture 1 – Chinese Yam. Yams are referred to by many other names including true yams, greater yam, and tropical yam. The edible tubers are cultivated largely in Asia and sometimes used in alternative medicine. The Chinese yam, called Shan Yao in Chinese herbalism, is a sweet soothing herb that stimulates the stomach and spleen and has a tonic effect on the lungs and kidneys. While this vine dies back in the winter, it grows and reproduces quickly enough to reduce plant diversity and threaten native ecosystems. It now ranges from Vermont south to … Other Common Names: Cinnamon vine, air potato The rhizome is cylindrical in shape. The tuber is 28 inches long and 1.5 inch diameter. Dioscorea polystachya or Chinese yam (Chinese: 山 药), also called cinnamon-vine, is a species of flowering plant in the yam family.It is sometimes called Chinese potato or by its Japanese name nagaimo.. US Fish & Wildlife Service, The Nature Conservancy, Plant Conservation Alliance, and others. Common Name: Chinese Yam, Cinnamon vine, Air potato Scientific Name: Dioscorea oppositifolia L. Chinese yam is a deciduous perennial vine native to China. There are a number of varieties available for cultivation both for ornamental use and for harvest, such as Chinese yam plants, white yams, Lisbon yams, pei tsao, bak chiu, and agua yams. The genus Dioscorea has economic value as a food plant and is used as a traditional Chinese … In the Chinese books, the nagaimo grows to 4 inches diameter in 6 to 8 years. Chinese Yam Description. I have another surprise in 2005. Yams are a root crop common to Africa and Asia while sweet potatoes are native to tropical Central and South America and the Caribbean. Location: The Netherlands. Yams should be planted in temperate zones in March-April and harvest will take place 10-11 months later. There are eight different species of yams and all can be found for sale in different parts of the United States, but the Chinese Yam (Dioscoreaopposita) is the most widely distributed. Dioscorea batatas is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). Treat it like a white potato and roast, bake, casserole or add it to stews. There is probably as much yam plant info as there are species: 600 different species with as many uses. USES Always peel before using as food. Chinese yam contains allantoin, a natural compound that can accelerate the growth of healthy tissue and reduce healing time. Depending upon which region of the United States you reside in, you may be eating sweet potatoes for Thanksgiving or maybe yams. Yams have a rough, scaly skin that is often harder to peel when compared to sweet potatoes. Until recently, the names were used interchangeably in grocery stores, but today the USDA has attempted to regulate the use of “yam” and “sweet potato.” Currently the use of “yam” to describe a sweet potato must be clarified with the addition of the term “sweet potato.”. It has spread from Lousianna to Vermont and can form dense masses of vines that cover and kill native vegetation, including trees, within a variety of moist, disturbed habitats. Does Chinese yam take a while to sprout.