Cloud Computing Test. IBM Bluemix is the cloud computing solution from IBM that comes with the platform (PaaS) as well as infrastructure as a service (IaaS) offerings. This Cloud Computing Quiz helps you to build up your confidence and provide you sample questions for Cloud computing interview. The next part of our cloud computing risks list involves costs. Most cloud computing services fall into four broad categories: infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), serverless, and software as a service (SaaS). Facebook, Twitter, Linked-In all popular social sites are depended on cloud computing. Quick Deployment. Which is not a major cloud computing platform? These are sometimes called the cloud computing "stack" because they build on top of one another. True It joins the ranks of terms including: grid computing, utility computing, virtualization, clustering, etc. 4 ways Continuous Application Integration Helps in Developing High Performance Mobile Apps, Why Real-Time Data Matters to the Maritime Industry, 3 Benefits of Business Software for Your Organization. New Generation Applications Pvt Ltd: Founded in June 2008,New Generation Applications Pvt Ltd. is a company specializing in innovative IT solutions. Alibaba Cloud is the cloud initiative of the Chinese eCommerce giant – Alibaba Group. VMware’s Cloud solutions facilitate to maximize your organization’s profits of cloud computing by combining the services, technologies, guidance needed to operate and manage the staff. Cloud Linux isn't so much a cloud computing provider, but rather a cloud platform you can build across your own servers. There are many companies that offer cloud platforms for development, management, and deployment of applications. Here’s your crash course on cloud computing basics. Hardware as a Service B. Here are the Major Features of Cloud Computing-Security; Mobility Cloud Computing Test. The cloud computing race in 2020 will have a definite multi-cloud spin. So, when you decide to use the cloud, your entire system can be fully functional in very few minutes. Amazon Web Services (AWS) is a subsidiary of Amazon (a leading company in eCommerce). The list of cloud computing influencers on platforms like Quora is not limited only to ten. Many of us use cloud services every day. DO has made it abundantly clear that even a new entrant in the field can emerge a market leader. Being in the same business as Amazon it is often considered the toughest competitor of AWS. OpenNebula is a cloud computing platform. It has been found that cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access the computing resources. The security features like authentication, security, etc. However, using cloud computing, we only pay for the amount we use and when we use the computing resources. Which of these is not a major type of cloud computing usage ? You can find many other thought leaders on cloud computing on Quora. Hope you enjoyed and scored well in our last three parts. Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) refers to the fundamental building blocks of computing … Overall it is a complete package that supports development, management as well security of applications. Hardware as a Service. So, before moving sightlessly to any of the cloud platform, need to discuss for pre-planned roadmap with Enterprise Architecture team once. A. Read More: Performing Sentiment Analysis with IBM Bluemix. 1009 (A), 10th Floor , The Summit , Vibhuti Khand, Gomtinagar, Lucknow – 226010, India  +1 888-203-5812, 704 Bliss Towers, Off Link Road, Malad (W), Mumbai – 400064, India, 57 West 57th Street, 3rd and 4th Floors, New York, 10019, USA, Resources: Augmented Reality: eBook | Chatbot eBook | Travel eBook | Retail eBook| eCommerce eBook | Big Data eBook | Mobile apps marketing eBook | Finance & Banking eBook | Healthcare eBook | NoSQL vs SQL checklist | Mobile app frameworks checklist | Cloud Platforms checklist | Xiffe HRMS: Whitepaper | IoT Whitepaper | Web apps Whitepaper | Mobile apps: Whitepaper, Technology: IoT | Machine Learning | Mobile apps | Web apps | Artificial Intelligence | Natural Language Processing | Cloud Computing | Big Data | Virtual Reality | Predictive Analytics | Augmented Reality | Ruby on Rails | Magento | Phonegap | iOS | PHP | Drupal | Android | WordPress | Device Farm | AWS | Enterprise Solutions, Our Work: Baby Development app | BizParking | GeoConnect | Hap9 | HRMS| Humtap | IMMMS | MetNav | MyEmploysure | MyHomey | MapAlerter | Songwriter’s Pad iOS | Songwriter’s Pad Android | Anatex | Plastic Surgery Simulator | Flying Avatar | Speech with Milo | AnimateMe | GoddessTarot | WeKnow | Overly | VidLib | Forex Trade Calculator | UpTick | Protriever | Verbal Volley | My Podcast Reviews | Emoji Icons Saga, Industry: Gaming | Learning & Education | Banking & Finance | Communication Services | Media & Entertainment | mGovernance | Manufacturing & Automotives | Legal | eCommerce | Retail | Resources & Utilities | Transportation & Logistics | Healthcare | Real Estate | Hospitality & Leisure | Publishing | FMCG, © New Generation Applications Pvt Ltd, 2020, Performing Sentiment Analysis with IBM Bluemix. It guarantees 24x7 and 365 days of service. It offers services in all major spheres including compute, networking, storage, machine learning (ML) and the internet of things (IoT). 8 Common Risks of Cloud Computing. "Cloud" in cloud computing represents what? An Internet connection is necessary for cloud computing interaction. The security risks of cloud computing have become a reality for every organization, be it small or large. Thus, adopting a cloud application platform, requires well deployment approach and strategy defined by the respective cloud platform provider. Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage) and computing power, without direct active management by the user.The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet. 8. B. Features: Easy to install, use, maintain, and operate 1. 47. Google Cloud Platform is a suite of cloud computing services which runs on the same infrastructure used by Google to power its end-user products. Cost. 1. Facebo… The IBM service offerings can be used as a public, private or hybrid model whichever suits an organization’s need. Since this saves organizations from the need to invest and maintain costly infrastructure, it has become a very popular solution. The Google Cloud Storage is a highly dynamic storage solution that supports both SQL (Cloud SQL) and NoSQL (Cloud Datastore) database storage. Question 1 Which of these is not a major type of cloud computing usage? The list of cloud computing influencers on platforms like Quora is not limited only to ten. You have to select the right answer to a question. C. Microsoft Azure. AWS’s virtual cloud platform comes with most of the attributes of an actual computer including hardware (CPU(s) & GPU(s) for processing, hard-disk/SSD for storage & local/RAM for memory); an operating system to choose from and pre-loaded apps like web servers, databases, CRM, etc. True B. Alibaba Cloud began as a private cloud which was meant to support the internal infrastructural needs of the Alibaba Group but it soon scaled to a public cloud solution provider. Market Overview- Global Cloud Computing in Healthcare market 2019 research report provides detailed information regarding market size, trends, … The programming languages that are supported by IBM Bluemix include Java, Node.js, PHP, and Python. issues and challenges of cloud computing are characterized as ghosts in the cloud. A. Wireless. When we update our status on social media, binge a new streaming series, or check our bank accounts we're most likely using applications that are hosted by cloud services. Let's face it: choosing a cloud provider is no easy feat. Azure cloud Computing False ANS: A. Reliability − A cloud computing platform provides much more managed, reliable and consistent service than an in-house IT infrastructure. In this Cloud Computing test, we are giving you a challenge of these best Cloud Computing questions, with these Cloud Computing questions which you must solve to build up your confidence. A. Google 101. Cloud computing may be a little bit like the Wild West, where the rules are made up as you go, and you hope for the best, but it's here to stay. Reliability − A cloud computing platform provides much more managed, reliable and consistent service than an in-house IT infrastructure. Hardware as a Service B. Large clouds, predominant today, often have functions distributed over multiple locations from central servers. "Cloud" in cloud computing represents what? It was established in 2009, just three years after the incorporation of Amazon Web Services. 1. Modern technologies like big data analytics, IoT, artificial intelligence and even web and mobile app hosting all need heavy computing power. The Alibaba services dominate the Chinese market and have roots all across the globe with headquarters in Hangzhou, China. Hardware as a Service B. Like the above solutions, it supports the development, test, deployment, and management of applications and services. App Engine offers automatic scaling for web applications—as the number of requests increases for an application, App Engine … Whatever we write on the chatbox, it directly stores in cloud storage on runtime. Among all the cloud service providers Amazon is considered is the most powerful and flexible solution. c. Software as a Service. 2. It's not just businesses that benefit from cloud computing. The reason behind this is the gradual growth of the companies which are in need of the place to store their data. These are sometimes called the cloud computing "stack" because they build on top of one another. The entire service is enabled through the internet. Cloud computing is the the use of various services, such as software development platforms, servers, storage and software, over the internet, often referred to as the "cloud." Platform as a Service C. Software as a Service D. Infrastructure as a Service A. It also can create some major problems under some rare circumstances. Because both serverless computing and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) backend architectures keep the entire backend invisible to developers, they are somewhat similar. Most cloud computing services fall into four broad categories: infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), serverless, and software as a service (SaaS). Under the umbrella term of AWS, Amazon provides on-demand cloud computing platforms like storage, data analysis, etc. Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) refers to the fundamental building blocks of computing … D. Internet. A. In this blog, we will introduce you the top 5 cloud platforms that you can use to effectively manage the IT needs of your organization. Oracle is touting its TikTok deal as a major win for its cloud business, five months after it landed Zoom as a customer. However, using cloud computing, we only pay for the amount we use and when we use the computing resources. Confidential computing, which provides data encryption in use via isolated environments, is an emerging topic for the cloud. C. People. Large clouds, predominant today, often have functions distributed over multiple locations from central servers. The cloud has transformed our lives as individuals as well. High Performance Computing workloads are typically run sporadically and in batches—a use case where the unique elasticity of the public cloud seems like a major value proposition. That’s why it is important to implement a secure BI cloud tool that can leverage proper security measures. Similarly, cloud computing too comes with its share of issues despite being core strength of some business industries. Being an innovative example of IaaS, the platform was initially released in 2008. Hardware as a Service 7 An Internet connection is neccessary for cloud computing interaction. Cloud computing is the on-demand availability of computer system resources, especially data storage (cloud storage) and computing power, without direct active management by the user.The term is generally used to describe data centers available to many users over the Internet. d. Infrastructure as a Service. issues and challenges of cloud computing are characterized as ghosts in the cloud. Which one of these is not a cloud computing pricing model? Cloud Linux isn't so much a cloud computing provider, but rather a cloud platform you can build across your own servers. But the use of cloud computing on the social network is easy to understand. Being in the same business as Amazon it is often considered the toughest competitor of AWS. D. Internet . High Performance Computing workloads are typically run sporadically and in batches—a use case where the unique elasticity of the public cloud seems like a major value proposition. The small start-up from New York City, New York has come a long way since 2011 with a customer base of more than half a million developers. Features: Easy to install, use, maintain, and operate Cloud computing, sometimes referred to simply as “cloud,” is the use of computing resources — servers, database management, data storage, networking, software applications, and special capabilities such as blockchain and artificial intelligence (AI) — over the internet, as opposed to owning and operating those resources yourself, on premises. A. Google 101 Azure App Service is a Platform as a Service (PaaS) that provides auto scaling, patching, CI/CD, advanced performance monitoring and production debugging that makes building and running web applications and services easy. Platform as a Service C. Software as a Service D. Infrastructure as a Service ANS: A. Hardware as a Service b. Insight of this example 1. Platform as a Service C. Software as a Service D. Infrastructure as a Service A. It also includes tools for cloud … 7. The Google App Engine (Platform as a Service, or PaaS) offers software developers access to Google’s on-demand hosting and a software development kit (SDK) to develop applications that run on app engine. DigitalOcean has pushed the idea of using a Solid State Drive (SSD) to create a developer-friendly platform that allows DO customers transfer projects and increase production easily and efficiently. Azure App Service is a Platform as a Service (PaaS) that provides auto scaling, patching, CI/CD, advanced performance monitoring and production debugging that makes building and running web applications and services easy. Cloud computing overlaps some of the concepts of distributed, grid and utility computing, however it does have its own meaning if contextually used correctly. Google Cloud Platform is a suite of cloud computing services which runs on the same infrastructure used by Google to power its end-user products. Which of these is not a major type of cloud computing usage? You can find many other thought leaders on cloud computing on Quora. Quizzes are an interesting way of learning. For example, we all have chat experience on social media. Hard drives. How are serverless computing and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) different? Which of these companies is not a leader in cloud computing? Hope you enjoyed and scored well in our last three parts. The solution can even be extended to support other languages. DigitalOcean is an American cloud hosting company that launched its first server in 2011. Here are the Major Features of Cloud Computing-Security; Mobility It also can create some major problems under some rare circumstances. Amazon Web Services allow their subscribers to enjoy a full-fledged virtual cluster of computers, at any time, based on their requirements. C. Microsoft Azure. Google offers its public cloud computing solutions with the name of Google Cloud Platform, or GCP. Cloud services and platforms are a rapidly growing market. 1. Cloud computing is most certainly revolutionizing the way small-medium businesses (SMBs), and companies in general, use IT. Cloud Computing (1) - View presentation slides online. Hardware as a Service B. The Google Compute Engine (Infrastructure as a Service, or IaaS) provides users with virtual machine instances for workload hosting. Which of these is not a major type of cloud computing usage? Here are six common challenges you must consider before implementing cloud computing technology. by Anurag | Oct 23, 2020 | AWS, Azure, Cloud solutions, Google Cloud Platform, IBM, Microsoft. An Internet connection is necessary for cloud computing interaction. This code holds access to local storage resources (blobs, queues, and tables). A. Google Docs is a type of cloud computing. With a whopping 35% market share, Amazon lends its services to individuals, companies, and governments. This Cloud Computing Test contains around 20 questions of multiple choice with 4 options. "Cloud" in cloud computing represents what? Cloud computing is a popular option for people and businesses for a number of reasons including cost savings, increased productivity, speed and efficiency, performance, and security. 10. It also includes tools for cloud management, security, and development. Google Cloud Platform or GCP is the home of Kubernetes. Cloud computing can be broken down into three cloud computing models. How are serverless computing and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) different? Ahead of AWS Re:Invent, Information Age spoke to Jeremy Ward, cloud strategist at Cloudreach, about cloud adoption and deployment during the Covid-19 pandemic, the organisational challenges that companies have encountered, and the tech trends that could emerge in 2021. 6. Which of these is not a major type of cloud computing usage? Cloud Computing Questions and Answers contain set of 25 Cloud Computing MCQs with answers which will help you to clear beginner level quiz. For a developer or someone that knows their way around technology there does not seem to be anything faster or better performing than DigitalOcean. Cloud computing services fall into 4 categories: infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), software as a service (SaaS) and FaaS (functions as a service). It helps you to manages the data center's virtual infrastructure to build private, public and hybrid implementations. It joins the ranks of terms including: grid computing, utility computing, virtualization, clustering, etc. False ANS: A. In this manner, cloud computing is cost efficient. Cloud computing has in fact allowed businesses to access high-end technology and information at an affordable cost. If processors based on Arm become the norm in the data center, the industry can thank the gravitational pull of AWS… Select one: a. So, when you decide to use the cloud, your entire system can be fully functional in very few minutes. Platform as a Service C. Software as a Service D. Infrastructure as a Service ANS:A. It is one of the top cloud computing companies which allows you to manage heterogeneously distributed data center infrastructures. Cloud Computingis gaining more and more popularity day by day. Google App Engine (often referred to as GAE or simply App Engine) is a Platform as a Service and cloud computing platform for developing and hosting web applications in Google-managed data centers.Applications are sandboxed and run across multiple servers. Which of these companies is not a leader in cloud computing? 6. Cloud Computing Questions and Answers. False ANS:A. Which is not a major cloud computing platform? What is the number one concern about cloud computing? Which is not a major cloud computing platform? Quiz Now: How Well Aware Are You of HIV AIDS. A. a. 7. Let us talk in brief about some real life ghosts of cloud computing. b. Amazon Which is not a major cloud computing platform? 9. Which of these should a company consider before implementing cloud computing … There are many services and features of cloud computing. 8. 8. That’s why it is important to implement a secure BI cloud tool that can leverage proper security measures. However, the discussion provided the names of some of the best in the business, and their credentials don’t lie. Removing question excerpt is a premium feature. C. People. For web development, it offers support for PHP, ASP.net, and Node.js. Cloud diagram idea inspired by Maria Spinola 8-31-09; Cloud computing is becoming one of the next industry buzz words. A. Cloud computing overlaps some of the concepts of distributed, grid and utility computing, however it does have its own meaning if contextually used correctly. The next part of our cloud computing risks list involves costs. Below are few Cloud Computing MCQ test that checks your basic knowledge of Cloud Computing. Oftentimes we delve into many of the nuances of cloud computing we believe you should know to make an informed decision. It guarantees 24x7 and 365 days of service. Kubernetes was developed by Google in 2014 as open source. Cloud computing is most certainly revolutionizing the way small-medium businesses (SMBs), and companies in general, use IT. Which is not a major cloud computing platform? The IBM Bluemix PaaS is based on an open source cloud platform – Cloud Foundry. With cloud computing, anybody using the internet can enjoy scalable computing power on a plug and play basis. are supported using Azure AppFabric that allows applications within your LAN to communicate with Azure cloud. Take Cloud Computing Quiz To test your Knowledge. AWS has expanded well beyond cloud compute and storage. Last but not least, cloud computing gives you the advantage of rapid deployment. You can see the correct answer by clicking view answer link. A. If you’re looking for a high performance host that sits easy on the pocket, DigitalOcean is the choice for you. Google Kubernetes Engine or GKE provides users with a managed environment for the deployment, management, and scaling of containerized applications with the help of Google infrastructure. Over our 10 years of experience we have worked with all types of businesses from healthcare to entertainment. the most significant component of cloud computing; a collection of services that allow usage of any standardized platform (operating system or computer) for mobile phones; accessible via … This is the last part of our Cloud Computing Quiz Series. A. Wireless. Let us talk in brief about some real life ghosts of cloud computing. Microsoft Azure (formerly Windows Azure) is the cloud computing service from Microsoft. In addition to the vast array of vendors to choose from-- ranging from startups to 800-pound gorillas like AWS -- many target multiple sectors of the cloud computing market, such as infrastructure as a service, platform as a service and software as a service. The Alibaba Cloud computing services cover all the major cloud services like elastic computing, hosting, object storage, relational database (SQL), NoSQL database (using the Table Store), big data analytics (Hadoop), Machine Learning (ML) and Artificial Intelligence (AI). Which of these should a company consider before implementing cloud computing technology? A. Cost management and containment. A. Google 101 Being an innovative example of IaaS, the platform was initially released in 2008. Quick Deployment. The best part of this Cloud Computing Test is, provide your score at the end when you submit all the question. True Platform as a Service. Oracle is touting its TikTok deal as a major win for its cloud business, five months after it landed Zoom as a customer. If you are looking for a suitable multi cloud solutions for your enterprise needs then feel free to contact us. ASP.NET is a set of tools and libraries for building web applications that can be hosted on all major cloud platforms. 8. These are sometimes called the cloud computing stack, because they build on top of one another. While the SQL Azure it is not a full SQL Server instance it can be integrated with SQL Server. Although there are lots of important examples of cloud computing, that exist in the IT field. a. Google. The Windows Azure is used to deploy code on Microsoft’s servers. DO’s enterprise customers can easily leverage the benefits of scale by executing projects across multiple platforms without worrying about performance. A. Google 101. True B. Last but not least, cloud computing gives you the advantage of rapid deployment. We lead the way in every modern technology and help business succeed digitally. D. Amazon EC2. Therefore, companies are in competition to provide large space to store data along with the various features and quality service. Just a few years ago, some industry experts dismissed cloud computing as just the latest technology fad, good for generating a lot of buzz but offering little practical value. Similarly, cloud computing too comes with its share of issues despite being core strength of some business industries. Which of these is not a major type of cloud computing usage? A. 7. VMware vCloud Air is a safe and protected public cloud platform that offers networking, storage, disaster recovery, and computing. B. IBM Deep blue . An Internet connection is neccessary for cloud computing interaction. For both analysts and enterprise IT leaders, this raises the specter of vendor lock-in. An Internet connection is necessary for cloud computing interaction. Cloud computing has in fact allowed businesses to access high-end technology and information at an affordable cost. However, several big differences separate the two kinds of architecture, and most use cases will work best with either one or the other, but not with both. Platform as a Service C. Software as a Service D. Infrastructure as a Service ANS: A. Cloud Computing Challenge 8: Vendor Lock-In. VMware vCloud Air is a safe and protected public cloud platform that offers networking, storage, disaster recovery, and computing. It helps you to manages the data center's virtual infrastructure to build private, public and hybrid implementations. It is one of the top cloud computing companies which allows you to manage heterogeneously distributed data center infrastructures. Cloud computing and cloud platforms offers enterprises an alternative to building their in-house infrastructure. Their popular services comprises Platform-as-a-Service, Infrastructure as a Service, and Serverless Computing. Cloud Computing Quiz. The security risks of cloud computing have become a reality for every organization, be it small or large. So, before moving sightlessly to any of the cloud platform, need to discuss for pre-planned roadmap with Enterprise Architecture team once. ASP.NET is a set of tools and libraries for building web applications that can be hosted on all major cloud platforms. 2. All these services can be accessed using a public internet or via dedicated networks. A. A. Which of these should a company consider before implementing cloud computing technology? However, the discussion provided the names of some of the best in the business, and their credentials don’t lie. Google App Engine (often referred to as GAE or simply App Engine) is a Platform as a Service and cloud computing platform for developing and hosting web applications in Google-managed data centers.Applications are sandboxed and run across multiple servers. However, without a base understanding of what cloud computing actually is – and why it’s … D. Amazon EC2. In our journey as an technology innovators we got opportunities to work on some of the most complex solutions and projects. Thus, adopting a cloud application platform, requires well deployment approach and strategy defined by the respective cloud platform provider. Hard drives. See how some of the major cloud vendors have approached the … This is the last part of our Cloud Computing Quiz Series. In this Cloud Computing test, we are giving you a challenge of these best Cloud Computing questions, with these Cloud Computing questions which you must solve to build up your confidence. In this manner, cloud computing is cost efficient. B. A. By Ismcloudcomputin | Last updated: Jun 2, 2020. Enabled primarily through Microsoft-managed data centers, this service proves to be a reliable solution, especially for Microsoft evangelists. Which of these is not a major type of cloud computing usage? Cloud computing is a type of Internet-based computing that provides shared computer processing resources and data to computers and other devices on demand. AWS was the first cloud computing and offering infrastructure as a service in 2008 and has never looked back as it launches new services at a breakneck pace and is creating its own compute stack that aims to be more efficient and pass those savings along. It has been found that cloud computing is a model for enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on-demand network access the computing re… The money made by the cloud is … 8 Common Risks of Cloud Computing. Because both serverless computing and Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) backend architectures keep the entire backend invisible to developers, they are somewhat similar. Hardware as a Service B. IBM services can be used by developers to create, manage, run and deploy scalable applications for both public cloud and on-premises environments. Google offers its public cloud computing solutions with the name of Google Cloud Platform, or GCP. However, several big differences separate the two kinds of architecture, and most use cases will work best with either one or the other, but not with both. OpenNebula is a cloud computing platform. Cloud computing can be broken down into three cloud computing models. Which of these is not a major type of cloud computing usage? This score helps you in learning. Their popular services comprises Platform-as-a-Service, Infrastructure as a Service, and Serverless Computing. App Engine offers automatic scaling for web applications—as the number of requests increases for an application, App Engine … The cloud computing platform helps employees who are located in different geographies to collaborate in a highly convenient and secure manner. With a deep expertise in cloud management and development, big data and machine learning, we can suggest an appropriate solution for your needs and help you securely move to cloud. Cloud diagram idea inspired by Maria Spinola 8-31-09; Cloud computing is becoming one of the next industry buzz words. With Bluemix IaaS, users can deploy and access virtualized compute power, storage and networking using the internet. b. The cloud computing platform helps employees who are located in different geographies to collaborate in a highly convenient and secure manner. Cloud computing itself is affordable, but tuning the platform according to the company’s needs can be expensive. Cost management and containment. 9. B. IBM Deep blue. True B. It offers services in all major spheres including compute, networking, storage, machine learning (ML) and the internet of things (IoT). Currently, a few vendors, namely Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform and IBM Cloud, dominate the public cloud market. VMware’s Cloud solutions facilitate to maximize your organization’s profits of cloud computing by combining the services, technologies, guidance needed to operate and manage the staff. Hardware as a Service 7 An Internet connection is neccessary for cloud computing interaction. Which is not a major cloud computing platform?