Move the ruler so that it lies between the top of the wall line and the far edge of the floor line and draw a sloped line between the points. You can make them a bit safer by adding a stair-nose to the front edge. Stair tread & step construction or maintenance mistakes can create a wide range of serious stair fall hazards. An avid traveler, Lawrence has visited at least 10 cities on each inhabitable continent. Steep stair reconstruction, especially if it involves cutting into the upper floor framing, is best left to experienced framing carpenters. Check local codes before reconstructing a staircase because stair code variations are permissible from one community to the next. Glenda Taylor is a contractor and a full-time writer specializing in construction writing. Divide this height by seven, which is the standard height of a stair, and round the number up. The depth of the treads, or the flat stepping surfaces, is at least 11 inches deep. Thank you in advance, Sophia New gunite pool, rectangular, 12 x 24, salt water, depth 3.5-5.5 ft. ••• By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, Popular Mechanics: How to Build Your Own Stairs. To make the stairs safer to climb and descend, you must reduce stair riser height and increase tread depth. If the stair steps are very narrow, you may want to replace the stairs with 2-by-12 wood steps cut to size. Divide 105" in TOTAL STAIR HEIGHT by a reasonable step riser height of 7" - 105 / 7 = 15 - so you'd need 15 steps to climb UP that height at 7" per step up. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Repeat the marks on the second board and remove the sections of the boards with a circular saw to create the new stringers for the stairs. Once you can see the underside of the stairs, you might find wedges that have fallen out or … If you grew up in a house with steep steps, you probably wouldn't have any problems with these. ... too… Lay the ruler along the line at the base of the vertical line and draw a horizontal line across to represent the distance the staircase needs to cover on the floor, using the same scale. Place a stair gauge on one side of the level at the height that you determined for each step. Building a stair can be very satisfying but trying to fix someone else’s mistakes can be frustrating. That's as steep as steep can be. Lay a ruler along a vertical line on a piece of a graph paper and draw a scale representation of the wall height, such as 8 inches on the grid to represent an 8-foot height, with 1 inch representing 1 foot. Those steps are not code. I have collected some of the ideas that I have posted and that others have posted on Design Dilemmas. Switchbacks take up less horizontal run, but they require more width because the lower stairs ascend to a landing and then double back to accommodate the rest of the stairs. Continue down the wood board this way to create a notch for each stair. Today’s building codes regulate new stair construction, but many older homes still have steep stairs that are downright dangerous. If you do, you just race up and down them with learned brain-body athleticism I must say, I’ve never seen those wicked “butcher-block” stairs on that first stair-case photo. Please take from this whatever is helpful. You can shake up the deal. the stairs are too steep. Replace Treads Step 1 Measure your treads. The parts of a staircase that determine the steepness of the stairs are the stringers, or the wood braces, on which the stairs sit. Most building codes 2 won't let you go over 8". You might also ensure that the steps are level and not too steep. You could place the stingers to the outside edges of the existing concrete structure or notch them as necessary to fit over the nose of the existing concrete steps. Miss Footloose | Life in the Expat Lane Sep 2012 . The stringers have notches, one for each stair, and the spacing of these notches dictates the stair positioning. In this example I show the use of 2x12 lumber to create both the steps and the stringers under the steps. This number equals the amount of stairs you should have in the staircase. Replacing the staircase with wider treads will result in longer, less steep stairs. Having a multi-story home is amazing. Most building codes 1 won't let you build stairs that are either too steep or too shallow. The seller should remedy the situation before closing or offer a credit at closing that you are happy with. Aug 27, 2013 - How to Make Narrow Stairs Wider. Be aware of this if you do any renovations, could cause problems with the inspector if the stairs … Problems that can be re-solved by either making the stair case opening into the next floor longer(new construction) to gain more room or increasing / decreasing riser height and tread depth. Problems you can run into is not heaving the required headroom, the landing size could become to small. Older, or poorly designed, steps can be too narrow, making them uncomfortable and unsafe to use. With just two 9-inch treads and three 8¼-inch risers, they’re plenty steep, a condition all too common in a world where builders pride themselves on how little space they can eat up with stairs. If extending the length, or run, of a steep straight staircase isn’t feasible, constructing a switchback staircase might be an option. I would like to change them to gentler rise that could be navagited faily easily. Multiply the number by the amount you reduced the number by to get the scale to determine the real length for the stairs. Slide the square down so that the edge of the square by the height gauge lines up with the end of the last "V" you drew and trace another "V.". Any DIY tips? Expanding the stair space on the lower floor typically does not require floor joist reframing. Alexis Lawrence is a freelance writer, filmmaker and photographer with extensive experience in digital video, book publishing and graphic design. Line the stair gauge that represents the stair height up with the top corner of one of the boards and lower the carpenter's square onto the board until the other gauge sits against the edge of the board as well. Stair treads and risers generally aren't nailed into place. Maximum pitch (angle) of a new staicase is 42 degrees which IMO is not too steep.If you build a house and have the space you can make it as 30 degrees if you want to but it would take up a lot of room. posted by jabberjaw at 6:31 PM on August 11, 2009 spiral , or you could replace the stair case. Your local building codes will determine what’s required. Some builders use the “7-11 Rule” to create comfortable and safe staircases. Can the steps be changed from 3 to 5 steps & widened? Here's how you can make them steep stairs safer. I think that if the width of stair is enough then you can break the stairs in half and then construct few extra steps as in the photo... sorry for the bad sketch. You can build a ladder or steep staircase in 3DHA. Unfortunately, if you can't make the lengthy longer they have to be steep. Remove the stairs from the original staircase and center the stairs on the new stringers. You must get a "stair" company involved that can produce accurate CAD … You will have a final walk through a day before or the day of closing to make sure everything is in order. Most interior steps are built from either hardwood, composite material or plywood and can be remodeled for more width. The stairs feel too steep. Narrow stair treads are all too common, especially on steep staircases that already hard enough to ascend. In the case of 1 inch representing 1 foot, for example, multiply the number by 12 to get the actual number of inches that you need to make the staircase. Cut the corners away with a circular saw and hold each board up so that the cut edges line up with the top of the wall and the floor; use sandpaper to remove further wood if necessary to make the top and bottom of the board to fit flat against the surfaces. Place a gauge on the other side of the level at the height that you chose for the steps, either 12 or 13 inches. To build such a stair you can use 2x6 treads wrapped in carpet. Either of these sizes work well with a 7-inch stair and, if you measure the stairs currently in place, you should find that the stairs are significantly narrower than the 12-inch measurement. Adding a tread “nose” of approximately 1 inch, gives the stairs a more comfortable feel, but subtract the overhang measurement from the required depth measurement. Just go for it. Trace the outside edge of the square to make an uneven "V" on the board. If your stairs are steep because the downstairs room is too small or a wall is close to the end of the stairs. Here is my very long post about accessible design. She also enjoys writing business and finance, food and drink and pet-related articles. Stairways can leave just as much of an impact on your memory as the places they lead you. My stairs to the second floor are too steep and too narrow. The stairs on a water tower or swimming pool are at a 90° angle to the horizontal. There is no simple fix for steep stairs, complete remodeling is … ... Only if you are very lucky can you get the needed space by sacrificing some space in the floor of an upstairs closet right over the stairs. Steps less than 7-1/4" feel a bit shallow, over 7-3/4" feel a bit steep. She has attended several universities and holds a Bachelor of Science in English. Place the new stringers against the wall so that the stairs can be centered on them, and bolt the stringers to the wall and floor. Thursday, October 4, 2018. The 7-11 Rule means the risers, or vertical boards at the back of each step, are no higher than 7 inches. Some communities permit stairs to be a bit steeper, but the 7-11 Rule is a good starting point. Divide the height that you measured from the landing to the floor by the actual number of stairs. A lot of architects can draw a pretty stair but I have seen many drawn that cannot be built to code and do not take into account the cost of railings, freestanding, curved stringers and many other factors. simple answer no you cant have them as steep as you want,get a staircase company round they may be able to fit in a single or double winder 2012-01-27T10:10:01+00:00 Answered 27th Jan 2012 Lay each cut board on the floor in front of you and, at each end of both board, make a mark from the top corner to the bottom of the board at a roughly 45 degree angle. In my case it was a relatively easy and cheap fix. If they have overhang you can remove them and install treads that have an overhang of up to 1 1/4 inches. Choose 12 or 13 inches as the width that you want each stair to be from front to back. Unless your home has a floor plan that prevents extending the staircase on the lower floor, reconfiguring is probably the best option. That is, until you remember the steep marble stairs that got you there—and are your only way down. Once you have it all stripped then do the stairs that you didn't complete already. Spiral staircases are also notoriously restrictive when moving furniture. When extending a staircase run, allow for a minimum of 80 inches of headroom above the treads. Take down the original stairs. Mar 3, 2016 - The parts of a staircase that determine the steepness of the stairs are the stringers, or the wood braces, on which the stairs sit. A spiral staircase takes up the least floor space of all, but in some communities, fire codes restrict the installation of a spiral staircase if there is no other exit from the upper floor.