In 2018, the density of Egypt's population amounted to 98.87 inhabitants per square kilometer. Suburban density. Today, the river continues to serve as a source of irrigation, as well as an important transportation and trade route. Its most important structure, the Mubarak Pumping Station, was completed in 2005, but only a fraction of the projected land area was brought under production after two decades. It includes an integrated pest management (IPM) programme on major crops. By 1975 less than one-eighth of the total cultivated area was held by owners with 50 acres or more. Tags: Question 8 . Arithmetic density is also known as real density while physiological density is the number of people per unit of arable land. This is a list of countries ordered by physiological density. Agricultural land: 2007: 35 380: km 2: Agricultural land per 1000 population : 2007: 0.4: km 2 per 1000 population: Agricultural land (percentage of total area) 2007: 3.5 % of total area: Agricultural land (percentage of land area) 2007: 3.6 % of land area: Arable land: 2007: 30 180: km 2: Arable land per 1000 population : 2007: 0.4: km 2 per 1000 population: Arable land (percentage of total area) Therefore, the use of nematicidal applications is economic. Area of agricultural lands - arable land, permanent crops, permanent meadows and pastures. 4. Most students enrolled for postgraduate studies come from the Plant Pathology and Plant Protection Institutes of the ARC, as well as from the universities themselves. The Physiological Density of Italy is 203. Water buffalo, cattle, asses, goats, and sheep are the most important livestock. Water pollution. Egypt is dependent on its wheat supply to run the bread subsidy program, which is estimated to benefit almost 70 million citizens of Egypt’s 90 million population. Until the completion of the Aswān High Dam in 1970, the pattern of inundation and falling water, of high Nile and low Nile, established the Egyptian year and controlled the lives of the Egyptian farmers—and most Egyptians were tied to a life on the land—from birth to death, from century to century. Example of Physiological Density: Egypt-difference between physiological and arithmetic density indicates that much of the land isn't suitable for agriculture-most Egyptians live in Nile River Valley. Credit should be given to Professor B.A. have been recognized as a major pest causing substantial reductions in the yield of almost all vegetables, including tomatoes, fruit-trees including peaches and grapevines, and field crops including cotton and sunflower. Nematology in Egypt A two-week training course in the different plant protection disciplines (insects, nematodes, mites, diseases, weeds) is held annually at Cairo University. Construction of the Aswān High Dam enabled not only control of the Nile’s floods but also the reclamation of vast tracts of land for farming. and Pratylenchus spp. Fibre crops. Moreover, senior researchers in MOA and abroad who obtained their Ph.D. degrees at the centre still seek advice from our staff and collaborate with them in resolving nematode problems in the country. This limited area, which sustains on the average 8 persons per acre (20 per hectare), is, however, highly fertile and is cropped more than once a year. km) Rent control has since been discontinued for land and new constructions but remains in effect for older real estate. The landholdings are fragmented, with the average size of farm units being 2.5 feddans. The entire crop area is irrigated, except for some rain-fed areas on the Mediterranean coast. The actual damage caused by these nematodes is difficult to assess at the national level. Furthermore, a collaborative IPM programme has also started between the Nematology Research Centre of Cairo University and four United States universities: North Carolina State University, the University of Maryland, the University of Georgia and the State University of Florida. The citrus nematode (Tylenchulus semipenetrans) is an important and destructive pest of citrus trees in Egypt. Yes, food is what made Egypt wealthy, long before fancy tombs and cool drawings. During the same period, however, an agricultural area almost as large was lost to industry and growing towns. The cyst-forming nematode has recently become an important pest in Egyptian agriculture. The 12 universities in Egypt include 14 faculties of agriculture in which nematology is taught to undergraduate and postgraduate students. There are no forests or any permanent vegetation of economic significance apart from the land under cultivation. Food legumes. The area of agricultural land in Egypt is confined to the Nile Valley and delta, with a few oases and some arable land in Sinai. Sugar cane is the main sugar crop in upper Egypt. Egypt’s agriculture sector is dominated by small farms using traditional practices that do not meet international standards. The first published research article relating to plant-parasitic nematodes in Egypt was in 1901, when Prayer described a nematode disease of banana which caused root galling. Although animal husbandry and poultry production have been promoted by the government, growth has been sluggish. But how do you grow food in the desert hea… Now, we are going to talk about the techniques of farming and tools that were used in agriculture. About 90 percent of the yield is used for sugar extraction. The climate is generally very uniform with good sunshine. Irrigation tools. It contributes nearly one-eighth of the GDP, employs roughly one-fourth of the labour force, and provides the country—through agricultural exports—with an important part of its foreign exchange. There are three different kinds of population densities. The development of Egyptian agriculture was not created in a vacuum. Egypt, located in northeastern Africa, has an arid climate. Other subtropical fruits are also grown in Egypt, including grapes, stone fruits and pome fruits. Now at least 20 plant-parasitic nematode genera are reported to occur in all the agricultural lands of Egypt. So it is also prudent that the farmer’s wood needs to increase their food production. Report question . Quarantine measures should be enforced to prevent the transport of any infected plant parts, infected soil, or organic manures to newly reclaimed areas. Despite a considerable output, the cereal production in Egypt falls short of the country’s total consumption needs; a substantial proportion of foreign exchange is spent annually on the import of cereals and milling products. This number has been slowly increasing for the past ten years. Agricultural density. Fields had to be plowed and seed sown and water moved to different areas, which led to the invention of the ox-drawn plow and improvements in irrigation. Egypt FAO STAT - Land use and Agricultural Inputs, Egypt FAO STAT-Food,Nutrition and Food Security, Egypt Cereals Production, Egypt FAO STAT -Water resources & Agriculture production and trade, Egypt FAO STAT - Economic Indicators Along the Nile, the population density is one of the highest in the world, in excess of 5,000 persons per square mile (2,000 per square km) in a number of riverine governorates. The ox-drawn plow was designed in two gauges: heavy and light. The centre could also organize meetings and workshops, through which nematologists from North African countries could exchange information that contributes to strengthening their national systems and encourages work towards the objective of nematode management. Egypt has been suffering from severe water scarcity in recent years. Such technical training programmes would no doubt increase the capabilities of national research systems, and could produce new strategies for nematode management. Areas of research that have taken place at the centre throughout the past three decades include surveys for nematode infection in major crops (cotton, sugar cane, maize, legumes, vegetables especially tomatoes, watermelons, grapes, fruit-trees including citrus, olives, stone fruits and pome fruits). Egypt Area and Population Density. Agriculture is a major component of the Egyptian economy, contributing 11.3 percent of the country’s gross domestic product. Inspection of soil and seedling roots in private and government nurseries for root-knot and citrus nematodes is not seriously undertaken. For thousands of years, the river has provided a source of irrigation to transform the dry area around it into lush agricultural land. agricultural density is of course , along either side of the river nile ,, all the way , from the south , till the north of egypt . This centre is affiliated to the Zoology and Nematology Department of the Faculty of Agriculture. Field crops contribute some three-fourths of the total value of Egypt’s agricultural production, while the rest comes from livestock products, fruits and vegetables, and other specialty crops. Egypt - Egypt - Agriculture and fishing: About 96 percent of Egypt’s total area is desert. 2. For example, Cairo University has five Ph.D. and eight M.Sc. km) Over the past 60 years, Egypt’s population has grown by more than 60 million people. Nematological problems Other international financial support through foundations and bilateral agreements is contributing to research in nematology for increasing agricultural crop production. km). The total area cropped annually is about 11.5 million feddans, which represents a cropping ratio of about 2:1. Their actual damage has not been assessed. and graduate students, have developed a keen interest in forming the Egyptian Society of Nematologists. Of these the root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) Production (and consumption) of agricultural plant commodities has a diverse geographical distribution. and the lance nematode (Hoploliamus spp.) The measure is appropriate for a situation where agriculture … It has become essential, therefore, to implement strong and effective programmes of agricultural research, including integrated plant-parasitic nematode management. About 96 percent of Egypt’s total area is desert. seem to cause some noticeable damage to crops, but none of them has been of great importance to the economy of the country. Agricultural density is a useful statistic for recognizing trends in population growth, development, and stability. The Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) is encouraging farmers to control nematodes in vegetable crops, citrus, grapes, cotton and soybeans and to follow the recommendations of the Ministerial Higher Committee for Pest Management. The Nematology Research Centre (NRC) is entrusted with the nematology part of the course. Agriculture in ancient Egypt was the most important aspect of the life of ancient Egyptians. Sugar beet also grows in large areas in the Nile delta, and contributes to the sugar industry in Egypt. Arable land includes land defined by the FAO as land under temporary crops (double-cropped areas are counted once), temporary meadows for mowing or for pasture, land under market or kitchen gardens, and land temporarily fallow. The Nematology Research Centre (NRC), Cairo University, is by far the largest, best-staffed (16 with Ph.D. degrees) and best-equipped nematology research centre in, at least, North Africa. All of the 71 nematologists, and more junior nematologists (M.Sc.) Egypt has an arid climate with an annual average rainfall ranging from 60 to 190 mm along the Mediterranean coast to 25 to 60 mm in the Nile delta, and less than 25 mm in upper Egypt and adjacent areas. During the past two decades a few research projects on plant-parasitic nematodes have been financed through USAID programmes: Agriculture Development Systems (ADS), the Egyptian Major Cereals Improvement Project (EMCIP) and PL-480 programmes. Potatoes are the second most important vegetable after tomatoes, both in terms of cash value and total tonnage produced. Maize is the second most important crop (750 000 feddans), but at least 50 percent of its production is used for livestock and poultry feed.