Saul felt he was in a lot of trouble. d. And Saul said: Saul’s response is a classic example of excuse making and failure to trust God. For above a year he gave the Philistine time to prepare for war, and to weaken and to disarm the Israelites. Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. 2 Saul chose three thousand men from Israel; two thousand were with him at Mikmash and in the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah in Benjamin. . Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. 1 Samuel 13:1 (NIV) Saul was thirty years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty- two years. God told Saul that his descendants would not reign after him. His own sense of insecurity will not allow any of his associates (even his own son) to receive credit. God is still looking for men and women after His own heart. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines. And the people were called together to Saul at Gilgal. Now he is down to 600 because many soldiers scattered while Saul waited for Samuel (1 Samuel 13:8). Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. The Philistine threat. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. We often try to blame our sin on someone else. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. And they came up and encamped in Michmash, to the east of Beth Aven. Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. We can discover this by looking at the man who was. Samuel did not mean Saul was unintelligent or silly. We don’t war against armies of Philistines; our enemies are principalities… powers… the rulers of the darkness of this age… spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places (Ephesians 6:12). You did not come within the days appointed: “You see Samuel, it was really your fault. Second. : This is the first mention of Saul’s son Jonathan. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son. He could probably smell the sacrifice in the air. Line upon line, Saul made his sin worse with excuses. Saul, Jonathan his son, and the people present with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin. They have more men, more chariots, more horses, and better swords and spears than we have. But Saul would actually reign another 20 years. He gets things done. The rest of Israel fought with whatever they could. They were a fearless and fearsome army against Saul and Israel. Second, the people were scattered from him feeling that the battle wouldn’t be fought and that the plan wasn’t working out. He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him, : Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. Therefore I felt compelled: “I had to. But as soon as we show some boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, our spiritual foes consider us. ii. i. He should have been more concerned with pleasing God instead of the people. : Earlier, Saul had about 3,000 in his regular army (1 Samuel 13:2). saw himself as a priest, first offering sacrifice and then giving a blessing. It is the common formula for denoting the age of a king at his accession, and the length of his reign. A man after God’s heart honors the LORD. Since they were a seafaring people, the Philistines traded with the technologically sophisticated cultures to the west, especially the Greeks. We can discover this by looking at the man who was nota man after His own heart (Saul) and comparing him to the man who wasa man after His own heart (David). In wanting to bless Samuel, Saul may also be trying to show Samuel how spiritual he is. a. Thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude: The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this volume commentary on the Bible is highly regarded for his very prudent and judicious expositions A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. ; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger, : Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. There was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel: The Philistines had superior military technology and they wanted to keep it that way. A man after God’s heart has a soft, repentant heart. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. Saul broke the order expressly given by Samuel, see 1 Samuel 10:8, as to what should be done in cases of extremity. Through this attack Jonathan proclaimed, “We won’t meekly surrender to the Philistines any longer.”, Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines, .” As long as the Israelites stayed in their weak, defeated place, the Philistines thought they were great guys. But David thought it was important because it pleased and honored God. He could probably smell the sacrifice in the air. Because the actual judgment for this sin was so far off we should regard Samuel’s pronouncement of judgment as an invitation to repentance. A man after God’s heart enthrones God as king. God allowed this to test Saul’s faith, to see if he believed God was great enough to deliver from so many with so few. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines, : Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. Login or Create an Account. Now for the first time Israel had a professional army. 2. c. Samuel said, “What have you done”: Samuel knew Saul did something wrong. The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD: “We really needed God’s help against the Philistines, and we needed it now, so I had to do it.” But if Saul would have obeyed and trusted God, the LORD would take care of the Philistines. 1 Samuel 13:13. Chapter 13 of first Samuel begins with Saul’s first couple years as ruler of Israel. O vain man! He gets things done. Chapter 13. In fact at this time, he wasn’t a man at all! Samuel put it plainly: you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God. Men destitute of inward piety, often lay great stress on the outward performances of religion. Saul became increasingly bitter against people and lived more and more unto himself, but David loved people. : Saul’s response is a classic example of excuse making and failure to trust God. We often think things will “fix” problems when they won’t at all. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” Now all Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, and that Israel had also become an abomination to the Philistines. A man after God’s heart loves other people. b. : The Philistines, angered by the Israelites, gathered a huge army to crush Israel. 3. As soon as the Israelites showed boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, the Philistines considered the Israelites, ii. Soon Samuel will come and lead us in sacrifice before God. Now Saul really saw himself as a priest, first offering sacrifice and then giving a blessing. Samuel put it plainly: you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God. i. Saul was a man after Israel’s heart. There was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel. The troops were losing confidence in Saul as a leader and beginning to scatter. Saul verspeelt de gunst van Samuel Saul was dertig jaar (13:1) dertig jaar – Volgens sommige handschriften van de Septuaginta. He waited seven days: Saul was in Gilgal for many months. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on 1 Samuel 13 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. It may be that Saul wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized and confirmed him as king before the entire nation. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . Israel had enjoyed the “peace” of subjected people: everything will be fine as long as you take your place of subjugation. But God will now give Israel a man. Saul, Jonathan his son, and the people present with them remained in Gibeah of Benjamin. And this declaration would have been abundantly verified, if the kingdom had been enjoyed by Saul, and by his son, and by his son’s son; after whom the kingdom might have come to Judah. Biblical Commentary 1 Samuel 16:1-13 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Samuel made his farewell address (chapter 12) after renewing Saul's kingship (11:14-15). 1Sa 13:1, 2. Saul became increasingly bitter against people and lived more and more unto himself, but David loved people. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people. b. When David was down and out he still loved and served those who were even more down and out (1 Samuel 22:1-2). : Samuel left probably knowing that the announcement of judgment was an invitation to repentance, and probably knowing that Saul would not repent. i. He would have this act of disobedience pass for an instance of his prudence, and as a proof of his piety. Probably many of them thought, “What we really need is a king. About six hundred men: Earlier, Saul had about 3,000 in his regular army (1 Samuel 13:2). Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. Then we’ll go out and whip the Philistines!” But it didn’t happen like that. If you came earlier, I wouldn’t have done this.” But if Saul obeyed and trusted God, God would take care of Samuel and the timing. : By carefully guarding their military technology, the Philistines kept the Israelites in a subservient place. “To disobey God in the smallest matter is sin enough: there can be no sin little, because there is no little God to sin against.” (Trapp), ii. The archaeological evidence shows that it was destroyed but later rebuilt by Saul and became his palace and fortress. Literally, the Hebrew says that Saul wanted to, Samuel – perhaps as a priest blesses the people. (15-18) The Philistines begin their raids. And it was told Samuel, “Saul came to p Carmel, and behold, he set up a monument for himself and turned and passed on and went down to Gilgal.” 13 And Samuel came to Saul, and Saul said to him, q “Blessed be you to the L ord. Samuel, Saul may also be trying to show Samuel how spiritual he is. Then Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering: Saul decided to perform the sacrifice not more than an hour before Samuel arrived. A man after God’s heart enthrones God as king. It may be that Saul wanted to keep re-living the glorious day when Samuel recognized and confirmed him as king before the entire nation. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this one volume concise commentary provides a condensed look at nearly every verse in the Bible Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. a. Thou only, O Lord, canst make, or hast made, our peace in the blood of the cross. : There were so few iron weapons available that only the royal family could be properly equipped. (3-4) Jonathan initiates conflict with the Philistines. 1 Samuel 13:13 - Samuel said to Saul, 'You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the Lord your God, which He commanded you, for now the Lord would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. The rest of the men he sent back to their homes. David knew God’s will was most important. Now, we see God allowed the Philistines to have a huge technological advantage over the Israelites. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. First, this was because these farm tools were the only weapons the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp? 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this nine-volume commentary, respected by legions of devoted students, still ring with timeless truth Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. : Saul’s position as king was confirmed at Gilgal (1 Samuel 11:15). He could have cried out the LORD for the whole nation with a humble heart, but instead he did the, : “I had to. How impolitic Saul was, who did not, in the beginning of his reign, set himself to redress this. The archaeological evidence shows that it was destroyed but later rebuilt by Saul and became his palace and fortress. All the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare: By carefully guarding their military technology, the Philistines kept the Israelites in a subservient place. b. Because God loved Israel He would raise up a king, i. Saul was a man after Israel’s heart. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. Then Samuel would preside over sacrifices and Israel would be spiritually ready for battle. and raise that man up to be the next king. : This was plainly sinful. Yet this attack merely wakened the Philistines. It was bad enough to be outnumbered so badly. ii. : The whole point in being a king was to establish a dynasty, where one’s sons sat on the throne afterwards. He needed to drink in praise like thirsty men drink water. i. Our disposition to obey or disobey God, will often be proved by our behaviour in things which appear small. I never understood why the priests were so special anyway.” Saul could have positive response in the polling data but if God were not with him, it would all crumble. You did not come within the days appointed. d. But now your kingdom shall not continue: From these words we might expect Saul to be “impeached” as king right then and there. Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. (8-14) The policy of the Philistines. : Archaeologists have found this Philistine fortress at. 1-samuel 13:1 Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 1-samuel 13:2 Saul chose him three thousand men of Israel; whereof two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in mount Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin: and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent. According to the time set by Samuel: Samuel told Saul to wait for him at Gilgal. 1 samuel 13 commentary 1. He will be a prominent and wonderful part of 1 Samuel. Study the bible online using commentary on 1 Samuel 13 and more! One company turned to the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual, another company turned to the road. : This was the first “regular” army for Israel. a. And Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary. The Bible speaks of the fool as someone morally and spiritually lacking. You can also change some of your preferences. “This number seems incredible to infidels; to whom it may be sufficient to reply, that it is far more rational to acknowledged a mistake in him that copied out the sacred text in such numeral or historical passages, wherein the doctrine of faith and good life in not directly concerned, than upon such a pretense to question the truth and divinity of the Holy Scriptures, which are so fully attested, and evidently demonstrated. Both David and Saul knew sacrifice before battle was important. Many times, when God announces judgment, He will relent if His people repent. i. Thirty thousand chariots is a massive number, and some doubt the accuracy of this number. Can there be any devotion in disobedience? But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. He will still be on the throne as a king, but it will never be the same because the end of his kingdom is certain. Then he waited seven days, according to the time set by Samuel. ” And Samuel was angry, and he cried to the L ord all night. The last moments of waiting are usually the most difficult and they powerfully tempt us to take matters into our own hands. It must be better to have trembling followers than no followers at all, but how much better if Israel would have really trusted the LORD here. It must be better to have. So they worshipped the LORD there: Worship is a repeated characteristic of this family (see also 1 Samuel 1:3, 19, 28). Saul could have made supplication to the LORD in any number of ways. First, Saul plainly disobeyed Samuel. Since they were a seafaring people, the Philistines traded with the technologically sophisticated cultures to the west, especially the Greeks. The invasion of the Philistines. “My, there’s a man of action! In 2 Chronicles 26 King Uzziah tried to do the work of priest and God struck him with leprosy. Secondly, if you make it really sharp, it will be longer before they come back with another, There was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people… they were found with Saul and Jonathan. Saul saw his already mismatched force shrink to one-fifth of its previous size (from 3,000 to 600). All Samuel wanted to hear was confession and repentance. As soon as the Israelites showed boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, the Philistines considered the Israelites an abomination. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. 1 Samuel 13:3 - Jonathan smote the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba, and the Philistines heard of it. i. I saw that the people were scattered from me: “I had to do something to impress the people and gain back their support.” But if Saul had obeyed and trusted God, God would have seen him to victory over the Philistines with or without the people. : With so many troops the Philistines could raid at will. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. Revolt of the Israelites under Saul from the Philistines 1. 1 Samuel 13 Matthew Henry's Commentary. a. Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel: This was the first “regular” army for Israel. In great fear (the people were distressed) they hid anywhere they could (in caves, in thickets, in rocks, in holes, and in pits) or they fled across the Jordan River (to the land of Gad and Gilead). ii. We can love and pursue God with the kind of focus and passion David had. (15-23). Saul probably felt that a quick response gave them the best chance to win the battle. b. “My, there’s a man of action! Footnotes. a. i. See 2 Samuel 2:10; 2 Samuel 5:4; 1 Kings 14:21, &c. He repeatedly demonstrated the ability to lead a successful attack. So it came about, on the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him, commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”, : This is a stronger phrase than we might think. You have not kept the commandment of Yahweh your God, which he The only way the Israelites could ever win was to trust in God for everything. iv. Second, Saul was a king, not a priest, and only priests were to offer sacrifices. He was still there many months later (1 Samuel 13:1). : What does this mean? 1 SAMUEL 13 COMMENTARY EDITED BY GLENN PEASE Samuel Rebukes Saul 13 Saul was thirty[a] years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel forty-[b] two years. The Bible speaks of the. as someone morally and spiritually lacking. Sin is folly, and the greatest sinners are the greatest fools. Saul offered sacrifice without Samuel, and did it himself, though he was neither priest nor prophet. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. The LORD'S rebuke of Samuel (v.1). v. The whole manner of Saul’s explanation makes it clear this was no misunderstanding. (13-14) Samuel proclaims God’s judgment upon Saul’s household. A thousand were with Jonathan: This is the first mention of Saul’s son Jonathan. This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. We may imagine that in the early part of the week, Saul explained his thinking in a pep talk to the troops: “Men, we’re going into battle against the Philistines. All Samuel wanted to hear was confession and repentance. : “You see Samuel, it was really your fault. The last moments of waiting are usually the most difficult and they powerfully tempt us to take matters into our own hands. But the Philistines encamped in Michmash. And Samuel said, “What have you done?” And Saul said, “When I saw that the people were scattered from me, and, you did not come within the days appointed, and, the Philistines gathered together at Michmash, then I said, ‘The Philistines will now come down on me at Gilgal, and I have not made supplication to the LORD.’ Therefore I felt compelled, and offered a burnt offering.”, As soon as he finished offering the burnt offering. Add to my study list. Through this attack Jonathan proclaimed, “We won’t meekly surrender to the Philistines any longer.”. They may even kind of like us. Second, Saul was a king, not a priest, and only priests were to offer sacrifices. i. They imported weapons and know-how from those distant lands. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. 1 Samuel 13:1. When men are lifted up in self-sufficiency, they are often led into folly. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. Adultery and murder were David's sins, the like sins among his children were the beginnings of his punishment: he was too indulgent to his children. But Saul made an unlawful sacrifice, and Samuel told him, "You have done foolishly. . David knew God’s will was most important. First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. “For decades archaeologists working at many different sites have unearthed iron artifacts in bewildering number and variety dating from the period of greatest Philistine power and leading to the general consensus that the metal was introduced into Canaan – at least for weapons, agricultural tools, and jewelry – by the Philistines.” (Youngblood). MT: ‘een jaar’. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. : “I had to do something to impress the people and gain back their support.” But if Saul had obeyed and trusted God, God would have seen him to victory over the Philistines with or without the people. ). It would be easy to say that the kingdom was taken from Saul because he sinned and on one level, that was true; but it was more than that. But they were found with Saul and Jonathan his son. David thought that God was the goal. First, Saul plainly disobeyed Samuel. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. 2. “This number seems incredible to infidels; to whom it may be sufficient to reply, that it is far more rational to acknowledged a mistake in him that copied out the sacred text in such numeral or historical passages, wherein the doctrine of faith and good life in not directly concerned, than upon such a pretense to question the truth and divinity of the Holy Scriptures, which are so fully attested, and evidently demonstrated. And, the Hebrews crossed over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. This was a bad sign in the heart and character of Saul. Both David and Saul knew sacrifice before battle was important. Even in difficult situations, they could worship the LORD. The days dragged on and Samuel didn’t come. In Geba: Archaeologists have found this Philistine fortress at Geba (also known as Gibeah). First, this was because these farm tools were the only weapons the Israelites had, so why make them so sharp? Line upon line, Saul made his sin worse with excuses. i. God is. Then Samuel arose: Samuel left probably knowing that the announcement of judgment was an invitation to repentance, and probably knowing that Saul would not repent. And the mistake is not great in the Hebrew, schalosh for shelishim; and so indeed those two ancient translators, the Syriac and Arabic, translate it, and are supposed to have read in their Hebrew copies, three thousand.” (Poole). : From these words we might expect Saul to be “impeached” as king right then and there. First the waiting for Samuel was stressful because he felt time was his enemy. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. We might imagine that the Philistine blacksmiths, even though they charged each Israelite, for sharpening, would never put too fine an edge on anything. Saul reigned one year—(see Margin). See how politic the Philistines were when they had power; they not only prevented the people of Israel from making weapons of war, but obliged them to depend upon their enemies, even for instruments of husbandry. Saul was more concerned with his will than God’s will. He didn’t have to sin though he felt like sinning. It just seemed like the right thing to do. But David thought it was important because it pleased and honored God. They may even kind of like us. The loss of so many men was probably the reason why Saul offered the sacrifice without Samuel, and it displayed a heart of distrust and disobedience to God. b. Posted on Oct 26, 2002 by Beyond Today Editor Estimated reading time: 1 minute. David also sinned yet God never took the kingdom from David and his descendants. But now your kingdom shall not continue. The same principle is true spiritually in our lives. These have been supplied by the translators. He will be a prominent and wonderful part of 1 Samuel. He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. One company turned to the road to Ophrah, to the land of Shual, another company turned to the road to Beth Horon, and another company turned to the road of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. And Saul numbered the people present with him, about six hundred men. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. If he trusted God and waited one more hour, how different things could have been! © 2020 Christianity.com. But our spiritual enemies have the same attitude as the Philistines. was king. a) He had grieved over His rejection of Saul far too long. Samuel charges Saul with being an enemy to himself. Bible Commentary 1 Samuel 13. Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. i. As for Saul, he. the road of the border that overlooks the Valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. He could have cried out the LORD for the whole nation with a humble heart, but instead he did the one thing he must not do: offer a sacrifice. The rest of the people he sent away, every man to his tent. : This added to Saul’s anxiety. God commanded him to do something, and he did the opposite. c. There was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people… they were found with Saul and Jonathan: There were so few iron weapons available that only the royal family could be properly equipped. (1-7) Saul sacrifices, He is reproved by Samuel. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. “If Saul was among the prophets before, will he now be among the priests? 1. It just seemed like the right thing to do. All Israel heard it said that Saul had attacked a garrison of the Philistines, : Saul plainly took credit for Jonathan’s bold attack on the. e. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people: Though God rejected Saul He did not reject Israel. He is like a child who gets caught with his hand in the cookie jar and then says to his mother, “Let’s pray!”. 1 SAMUEL 13. ii. on StudyLight.org : The Philistines had superior military technology and they wanted to keep it that way. I Samuel 13:1-15 recounts the story of an act of presumption by another well-known figure, containing another valuable lesson for us. Two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in the mountains of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin. 1 Samuel 13:1-7. The issue was bigger than an incident of sin; the issue was being a man after God’s own heart. b. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. 1-samuel 13:3 And Jonathan smote the garrison of the … Previously Israel only had a militia that assembled in times of national threat. Sins which appear to us very little, have dangerous consequences. And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the pass of Michmash. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. f. A man after His own heart: What does this mean? In the press of the current crisis, every day now seemed much more important. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. Secondly, if you make it really sharp, it will be longer before they come back with another pim to get their ax sharpened. Previously Israel only had a militia that assembled in times of national threat. (5-7) The Philistines prepare their army. Even if Samuel was totally in the wrong, it didn’t justify Saul’s sin. Out of fear, out of panic, out of not knowing what else to do, Saul did something clearly sinful. We often try to blame our sin on someone else. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, 13:1-7 Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. “Though God threaten Saul with the loss of his kingdom for this sin, yet it is not improbable that there was a tacit condition implied, as is usual in such cases.” (Poole). We need 2 cookies to store this setting. Then raiders came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. And Samuel said to Saul, “You have done foolishly. a. Jonathan attacked the garrison of the Philistines: Jonathan was a remarkable military leader. When the men of Israel saw that they were in danger: Jonathan was bold enough to launch the initial attack against the Philistines, but the men of Israel were not bold enough to now stand strong against their enemy. of Israel. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel] The Hebrew cannot be thus translated. Praising God on the day you give your little son away may not be easy, but it is praise God is pleased with, even as we are told to bring a sacrifice of praise to God (Hebrews 13:15). It clearly says, “Israel had become an abomination to the Philistines.” As long as the Israelites stayed in their weak, defeated place, the Philistines thought they were great guys. But as soon as we show some boldness and courage against the LORD’s enemies, our spiritual foes consider us an abomination. Click on the different category headings to find out more. He knew the Philistines were assembling a huge army against him, and that once they were organized they would be much harder to beat. He didn’t say to Samuel, “Did I do something wrong?” He knew exactly what he did and probably thought of the excuses ahead of time. He was all about image, prestige, and the things men look at. Then Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, “Let the Hebrews hear!” Now all Israel heard it said. When Saul was confronted with his sin he offered excuses. When David was confronted with his sin he confessed his sin and repented (2 Samuel 12:13). Saul was in an awkward position. Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel, Saul chose for himself three thousand men of Israel. When Saul was confronted with his sin he offered excuses. 1 Samuel 13:13 - Samuel said to Saul, Samuel said to Saul, "You have acted foolishly; you have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you, for now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. (1) Because of Saul’s disobedience the kingdom had been torn from him, and it was Samuel’s duty to inform Saul of this (15:22-23, 26, and 28). Saul thought it was important because it might help him win the battle. 1 Samuel 13:1 "Saul reigned one year; and when he had reigned two years over Israel," Saul reigned one year, and nothing particular happened; but in his second year the events recorded in this chapter took place. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. The Hebrew text does not include the number "thirty" or "forty." For David, the LORD God was king. c. As for Saul, he was still in Gilgal: Saul’s position as king was confirmed at Gilgal (1 Samuel 11:15). Now there was no blacksmith to be found throughout all the land of Israel, for the Philistines said, “Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears.” But all the Israelites would go down to the Philistines to sharpen each man’s plowshare, his mattock, his ax, and his sickle; and the charge for a sharpening was a pim for the plowshares, the mattocks, the forks, and the axes, and to set the points of the goads. So, we have to trust God and make a quick attack before they can get organized. Now Saul. He should have been more concerned with pleasing God instead of the people. Want of true sense always accompanies want of grace. In the press of the current crisis, every day now seemed much more important. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you. Ch. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. You can check these in your browser security settings. 1 Samuel Chapter 13 Summary. is a massive number, and some doubt the accuracy of this number. He didn’t have to sin though he felt like sinning. g. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart: God was looking for this kind of man and God found this man in an unlikely place. In fact at this time, he wasn’t a man at all! “This is the first place in which this brave and excellent man appears; a man who bears one of the most amiable characters in the Bible.” (Clarke). 1. i. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. (1-2) Saul assembles Israel’s first standing army. What can it avail to sacrifice to God, against God?” (Trapp), Now it happened, as soon as he had finished presenting the burnt offering, that Samuel came; and Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him. The LORD has sought for Himself a man after His own heart, and the LORD has commanded him to be commander over His people, because you have not kept what the LORD commanded you.”. i. Saul's Selected Band. b. Saul went out to meet him, that he might greet him: Now Saul really overstepped his bounds. “And hereby God intended to teach them the vanity of all carnal confidence in men; and that they did not one jot less need the help and favour of God now than they did before, when they had no king.” (Poole). And the people were called together to Saul at Gilgal. 1 Samuel 13 Commentary, this 12 volume, chapter by chapter commentary of 4,800 sermon outlines and 24,000 homiletic references The loss of so many men was probably the reason why Saul offered the sacrifice without Samuel, and it displayed a heart of distrust and disobedience to God. 13). If peace with the devil is more important to you than victory in the LORD, you will often be defeated and subjected. I saw that the people were scattered from me. According to 1 Samuel 13:5 the Philistines already had a huge army, easily outmatching Saul’s 3,000 men. Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which, on the seashore in multitude. . Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. For now the LORD would have established your kingdom over Israel forever. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. For Saul, Saul was king. feeling that the battle wouldn’t be fought and that the plan wasn’t working out. But Samuel did not look for reasons or excuses because there were no valid reasons or excuses. : Saul decided to perform the sacrifice not more than an hour before Samuel arrived. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which He commanded you: Despite all the excuses, all the reasons, all the blaming of someone else, the bottom line was still the bottom line. SAUL'S DYNASTY FORFEITED BY HIS SIN. Those that disobey the commandments of God, do foolishly for themselves. Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. Perhaps many Israelites admired Saul for offering the sacrifice. Now he is down to 600 because many soldiers scattered while Saul waited for Samuel (1 Samuel 13:8). This chapter is the subject of an incredible number of contradictory opinions that it has evoked from the scholars, translators and commentators who have written about it. : Though God rejected Saul He did not reject Israel. 2. Samuel did not mean Saul was unintelligent or silly. You have done foolishly: This is a stronger phrase than we might think. But Samuel did not come to Gilgal; and the people were scattered from him. followers than no followers at all, but how much better if Israel would have really trusted the LORD here.